Archive of NBER Papers on International Trade and Investment Program

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w25410 Matteo Maggiori
Brent Neiman
Jesse Schreger

The Rise of the Dollar and Fall of the Euro as International Currencies
w25402 Davide Furceri
Swarnali A. Hannan
Jonathan D. Ostry
Andrew K. Rose

Macroeconomic Consequences of Tariffs
w25379 Raphael Auer
Barthélémy Bonadio
Andrei A. Levchenko

The Economics and Politics of Revoking NAFTA
w25372 Miguel Almunia
Pol Antràs
David Lopez-Rodriguez
Eduardo Morales

Venting Out: Exports During a Domestic Slump
w25364 Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke
Economic History and Contemporary Challenges to Globalization
w25348 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Identity Politics and Trade Policy
w25334 Alejandro Graziano
Kyle Handley
Nuno Limão

Brexit Uncertainty and Trade Disintegration
w25302 Andreas Beerli
Jan Ruffner
Michael Siegenthaler
Giovanni Peri

The Abolition of Immigration Restrictions and the Performance of Firms and Workers: Evidence from Switzerland
w25295 James Harrigan
Ariell Reshef
Farid Toubal

Techies, Trade, and Skill-Biased Productivity
w25293 David Baqaee
Emmanuel Farhi

The Microeconomic Foundations of Aggregate Production Functions
w25286 Giuseppe Berlingieri
Frank Pisch
Claudia Steinwender

Organizing Global Supply Chains: Input Cost Shares and Vertical Integration
w25267 Treb Allen
Cauê de Castro Dobbin
Melanie Morten

Border Walls
w25253 Shilpa Aggarwal
Brian Giera
Dahyeon Jeong
Jonathan Robinson
Alan Spearot

Market Access, Trade Costs, and Technology Adoption: Evidence from Northern Tanzania
w25249 James J. Fetzer
Tina Highfill
Kassu W. Hossiso
Thomas F. Howells
Erich H. Strassner
Jeffrey A. Young

Accounting for Firm Heterogeneity within U.S. Industries: Extended Supply-Use Tables and Trade in Value Added using Enterprise and Establishment Level Data
w25247 Wolfgang Keller
Hâle Utar

Globalization, Gender, and the Family
w25228 Bettina Peters
Mark J. Roberts
Van Anh Vuong

Firm R&D Investment and Export Market Exposure
w25227 Wolfgang Dauth
Sebastian Findeisen
Enrico Moretti
Jens Suedekum

Matching in Cities
w25221 Christophe Gouel
David Laborde

The Crucial Role of International Trade in Adaptation to Climate Change
w25218 Prottoy A. Akbar
Victor Couture
Gilles Duranton
Adam Storeygard

Mobility and Congestion in Urban India
w25203 José L. Fillat
Stefania Garetto
Arthur V. Smith

What are the Consequences of Global Banking for the International Transmission of Shocks? A Quantitative Analysis
w25195 Ana M. Fernandes
Peter J. Klenow
Sergii Meleshchuk
Denisse Pierola
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

The Intensive Margin in Trade
w25193 Fariha Kamal
A Portrait of U.S. Factoryless Goods Producers
w25189 Solomon Hsiang
Robert E. Kopp

An Economist's Guide to Climate Change Science
w25177 Hannah Druckenmiller
Solomon Hsiang

Accounting for Unobservable Heterogeneity in Cross Section Using Spatial First Differences
w25173 Stéphane Becuwe
Bertrand Blancheton
Christopher M. Meissner

The French (Trade) Revolution of 1860: Intra-Industry Trade and Smooth Adjustment
w25164 Dani Rodrik
New Technologies, Global Value Chains, and Developing Economies
w25155 Bernhard Michel
Caroline Hambÿe
Bart Hertveldt

The Role of Exporters and Domestic Producers in GVCs: Evidence for Belgium based on Extended National Supply-and-Use Tables Integrated into a Global Multiregional Input-Output Table
w25120 Felix Tintelnot
Ayumu Ken Kikkawa
Magne Mogstad
Emmanuel Dhyne

Trade and Domestic Production Networks
w25119 Michael Kremer
Christopher M. Snyder

Worst-Case Bounds on R&D and Pricing Distortions: Theory with an Application Assuming Consumer Values Follow the World Income Distribution
w25103 Arnaud Costinot
Iván Werning

Robots, Trade, and Luddism: A Sufficient Statistic Approach to Optimal Technology Regulation
w25100 Samuel Bazzi
Sarah Burns
Gordon Hanson
Bryan Roberts
John Whitley

Deterring Illegal Entry: Migrant Sanctions and Recidivism in Border Apprehensions
w25071 Nelson Lind
Natalia Ramondo

Innovation, Knowledge Diffusion, and Globalization
w25066 Esteban Rossi-Hansberg
Pierre-Daniel Sarte
Nicholas Trachter

Diverging Trends in National and Local Concentration
w25062 Cevat G. Aksoy
Sergei Guriev
Daniel S. Treisman

Globalization, Government Popularity, and the Great Skill Divide
w25047 Stephan Heblich
Stephen J. Redding
Daniel M. Sturm

The Making of the Modern Metropolis: Evidence from London
w25033 Renee Bowen
Vincent Anesi

Policy Experimentation, Redistribution and Voting Rules
w25029 Maria Borga
Cecilia Caliandro

Eliminating the Pass-Through: Towards FDI Statistics that Better Capture the Financial and Economic Linkages between Countries
w25025 Thibault Fally
Integrability and Generalized Separability
w24997 Kirill Borusyak
Peter Hull
Xavier Jaravel

Quasi-Experimental Shift-Share Research Designs
w24996 Marco Gonzalez-Navarro
Matthew A. Turner

Subways and Urban Growth: Evidence from Earth
w24965 Thibault Fally
James Sayre

Commodity Trade Matters
w24944 Rodrigo Adão
Michal Kolesár
Eduardo Morales

Shift-Share Designs: Theory and Inference
w24942 Osea Giuntella
Matthias Rieger
Lorenzo Rotunno

Weight gains from trade in foods: Evidence from Mexico
w24937 Johannes Boehm
Ezra Oberfield

Misallocation in the Market for Inputs: Enforcement and the Organization of Production
w24923 Justin Caron
Thibault Fally

Per Capita Income, Consumption Patterns, and CO2 Emissions
w24918 Klaus Desmet
Robert E. Kopp
Scott A. Kulp
Dávid Krisztián Nagy
Michael Oppenheimer
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg
Benjamin H. Strauss

Evaluating the Economic Cost of Coastal Flooding
w24917 Erik Brynjolfsson
Xiang Hui
Meng Liu

Does Machine Translation Affect International Trade? Evidence from a Large Digital Platform
w24915 Jennifer Bruner
Dylan G. Rassier
Kim J. Ruhl

Multinational Profit Shifting and Measures throughout Economic Accounts
w24900 Lubos Pastor
Pietro Veronesi

Inequality Aversion, Populism, and the Backlash Against Globalization
w24896 Bart Los
Marcel P. Timmer

Measuring Bilateral Exports of Value Added: A Unified Framework
w24894 Jayson Beckman
Carmen Estrades
Manuel Flores
Angel Aguiar

The Impacts of Export Taxes on Agricultural Trade
w24886 Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei
Xinding Yu
Kunfu Zhu

Re-examining the Effects of Trading with China on Local Labor Markets: A Supply Chain Perspective
w24884 Eunhee Lee
Kei-Mu Yi

Global Value Chains and Inequality with Endogenous Labor Supply
w24867 Adrien Bilal
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Location as an Asset
w24859 Silke Stapel-Weber
Paul Konijn
John Verrinder
Henk Nijmeijer

Meaningful Information for Domestic Economies in the Light of Globalization - Will Additional Macroeconomic Indicators and Different Presentations Shed Light?
w24829 Qingnan Xie
Richard B. Freeman

Bigger Than You Thought: China's Contribution to Scientific Publications
w24825 Jan David Bakker
Stephan Maurer
Jörn-Steffen Pischke
Ferdinand Rauch

Of Mice and Merchants: Trade and Growth in the Iron Age
w24817 Andrew K. Rose
Currency Wars? Unconventional Monetary Policy Does Not Stimulate Exports
w24807 Cecile Gaubert
Oleg Itskhoki

Granular Comparative Advantage
w24796 Kathryn Baragwanath Vogel
Ran Goldblatt
Gordon H. Hanson
Amit K. Khandelwal

Detecting Urban Markets with Satellite Imagery: An Application to India
w24784 Spencer G. Lyon
Michael E. Waugh

Redistributing the Gains From Trade Through Progressive Taxation
w24779 Uris Baldos
Thomas Hertel
Frances Moore

The Biophysical and Economic Geographies of Global Climate Impacts on Agriculture
w24772 Kari E.R. Heerman
Ian M. Sheldon

Gravity and Comparative Advantage: Estimation of Trade Elasticities for the Agricultural Sector
w24758 Giorgio Chiovelli
Stelios Michalopoulos
Elias Papaioannou

Landmines and Spatial Development
w24745 Colin A. Carter
Sandro Steinbach

Trade Diversion and the Initiation Effect: A Case Study of U.S. Trade Remedies in Agriculture
w24739 Giovanni Maggi
Monika Mrázová
Peter Neary

Choked By Red Tape? The Political Economy of Wasteful Trade Barriers
w24727 Klaus Desmet
Avner Greif
Stephen Parente

Spatial Competition, Innovation and Institutions: The Industrial Revolution and the Great Divergence
w24718 Nicholas Bloom
Kalina Manova
John Van Reenen
Stephen Teng Sun
Zhihong Yu

Managing Trade: Evidence from China and the US
w24715 Pian Shu
Claudia Steinwender

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Firm Productivity and Innovation
w24714 Jing Cynthia Wu
Ji Zhang

Global Effective Lower Bound and Unconventional Monetary Policy
w24707 Lee G. Branstetter
Britta M. Glennon
J. Bradford Jensen

The IT Revolution and the Globalization of R&D
w24701 Thomas R. Tørsløv
Ludvig S. Wier
Gabriel Zucman

The Missing Profits of Nations
w24673 Matteo Maggiori
Brent Neiman
Jesse Schreger

International Currencies and Capital Allocation
w24661 Richard Hornbeck
Enrico Moretti

Who Benefits From Productivity Growth? Direct and Indirect Effects of Local TFP Growth on Wages, Rents, and Inequality
w24633 Laura Alfaro
Alejandro Cuñat
Harald Fadinger
Yanping Liu

The Real Exchange Rate, Innovation and Productivity: Heterogeneity, Asymmetries and Hysteresis
w24632 Pablo Fajgelbaum
Cecile Gaubert

Optimal Spatial Policies, Geography and Sorting
w24600 Philippe Aghion
Antonin Bergeaud
Matthieu Lequien
Marc J. Melitz

The Heterogeneous Impact of Market Size on Innovation: Evidence from French Firm-Level Exports
w24596 Nathaniel Baum-Snow
J. Vernon Henderson
Matthew A. Turner
Qinghua Zhang
Loren Brandt

Does Investment in National Highways Help or Hurt Hinterland City Growth?
w24590 Réka Juhász
Claudia Steinwender

Spinning the Web: The Impact of ICT on Trade in Intermediates and Technology Diffusion
w24560 Felipe Benguria
Felipe Saffie
Sergio Urzúa

The Transmission of Commodity Price Super-Cycles
w24557 Andrew B. Bernard
Esther A. Bøler
Swati Dhingra

Firm-to-firm Connections in Colombian Imports
w24556 Andrew B. Bernard
Andreas Moxnes

Networks and Trade
w24543 Ufuk Akcigit
Sina T. Ates
Giammario Impullitti

Innovation and Trade Policy in a Globalized World
w24527 Ana Cecília Fieler
Ann Harrison

Escaping Import Competition in China
w24525 Thomas J. Holmes
Ethan Singer

Indivisibilities in Distribution
w24524 Chong Xiang
Stephen Yeaple

The Production of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Human Capital in the Global Economy
w24510 Anna Maria Mayda
Giovanni Peri
Walter Steingress

The Political Impact of Immigration: Evidence from the United States
w24490 Teresa C. Fort
Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

New Perspectives on the Decline of US Manufacturing Employment
w24478 Cecile Gaubert
Firm Sorting and Agglomeration
w24461 Girum Abebe
Margaret S. McMillan
Michel Serafinelli

Foreign Direct Investment and Knowledge Diffusion in Poor Locations: Evidence from Ethiopia
w24456 Xue Bai
Arpita Chatterjee
Kala Krishna
Hong Ma

Trade and Minimum Wages in General Equilibrium: Theory and Evidence
w24455 Kun Jiang
Wolfgang Keller
Larry D. Qiu
William Ridley

International Joint Ventures and Internal vs. External Technology Transfer: Evidence from China
w24453 Lee Branstetter
Britta Glennon
J. Bradford Jensen

Knowledge Transfer Abroad: The Role of U.S. Inventors within Global R&D Networks
w24447 Valentina Bosetti
Cristina Cattaneo
Giovanni Peri

Should they stay or should they go? Climate Migrants and Local Conflicts
w24433 Charles W. Calomiris
Mauricio Larrain
Sergio L. Schmukler

Capital Inflows, Equity Issuance Activity, and Corporate Investment
w24427 Levent Celik
Bilgehan Karabay
John McLaren

Fast-Track Authority: A Hold-Up Interpretation.
w24425 Xiangjun Ma
John McLaren

A Swing-State Theorem, with Evidence
w24424 Shushanik Hakobyan
John McLaren

NAFTA and the Wages of Married Women
w24408 Paul Goldsmith-Pinkham
Isaac Sorkin
Henry Swift

Bartik Instruments: What, When, Why, and How
w24407 Arnaud Costinot
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

The US Gains from Trade: Valuation Using the Demand for Foreign Factor Services
w24384 Victor Couture
Benjamin Faber
Yizhen Gu
Lizhi Liu

Connecting the Countryside via E-Commerce: Evidence from China
w24380 Nelson Lind
Natalia Ramondo

Trade with Correlation
w24368 Jeronimo Carballo
Kyle Handley
Nuno Limão

Economic and Policy Uncertainty: Export Dynamics and the Value of Agreements
w24353 Alessandro Barattieri
Matteo Cacciatore
Fabio Ghironi

Protectionism and the Business Cycle
w24344 Dani Rodrik
What Do Trade Agreements Really Do?
w24319 Shang-Jin Wei
Yinxi Xie

The Wedge of the Century: Understanding a Divergence between CPI and PPI Inflation Measures
w24302 Marc-Andreas Muendler
James E. Rauch

Do Employee Spinoffs Learn Markets From Their Parents? Evidence From International Trade
w24292 Alberto Cavallo
W. Erwin Diewert
Robert C. Feenstra
Robert Inklaar
Marcel P. Timmer

Using Online Prices for Measuring Real Consumption Across Countries
w24286 Linda S. Goldberg
Signe Krogstrup

International Capital Flow Pressures
w24273 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger
Ali Yurukoglu

Quantitative Analysis of Multi-Party Tariff Negotiations
w24260 Raluca Dragusanu
Nathan Nunn

The Effects of Fair Trade Certification: Evidence from Coffee Producers in Costa Rica
w24256 John B. Donaldson
Christos Koulovatianos
Jian Li
Rajnish Mehra

Demographics and FDI: Lessons from China's One-Child Policy
w24254 Avi Goldfarb
Daniel Trefler

AI and International Trade
w24252 Alan de Bromhead
Alan Fernihough
Markus Lampe
Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke

The Anatomy of a Trade Collapse: The UK, 1929-33
w24251 James E. Anderson
N-S Trade with Weak Institutions
w24241 Ron Alquist
Nicolas Berman
Rahul Mukherjee
Linda Tesar

Financial Constraints, Institutions, and Foreign Ownership
w24228 Eva Lyubich
Joseph S. Shapiro
Reed Walker

Regulating Mismeasured Pollution: Implications of Firm Heterogeneity for Environmental Policy
w24207 Bronwyn Hall
Christian Helmers

The Impact of International Patent Systems: Evidence from Accession to the European Patent Convention
w24185 Pol Antràs
Davin Chor

On the Measurement of Upstreamness and Downstreamness in Global Value Chains
w24183 Nicolas Gendron-Carrier
Marco Gonzalez-Navarro
Stefano Polloni
Matthew A. Turner

Subways and Urban Air Pollution
w24151 Robert Z. Lawrence
Recent Manufacturing Employment Growth: The Exception That Proves the Rule.
w24125 Daniel P. Gross
Scale versus Scope in the Diffusion of New Technology: Evidence from the Farm Tractor
w24121 Dan Liu
Christopher M. Meissner

Geography, Income, and Trade in the 21st Century
w24084 Victor Couture
Jessie Handbury

Urban Revival in America, 2000 to 2010
w24080 Brian J. Asquith
Sanjana Goswami
David Neumark
Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez

U.S. Job Flows and the China Shock
w24078 Peter M. Morrow
Daniel Trefler

Endowments, Skill-Biased Technology, and Factor Prices: A Unified Approach to Trade
w24071 Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

Investment Responses to Trade Liberalization: Evidence from U.S. Industries and Plants
w24056 Robert C. Feenstra
Hong Ma
Yuan Xu

US Exports and Employment
w24052 Yang Jiao
Shang-Jin Wei

Intrinsic Openness and Endogenous Institutional Quality
w24051 Stephen J. Redding
David E. Weinstein

Aggregating from Micro to Macro Patterns of Trade
w24027 Robert C. Johnson
Measuring Global Value Chains
w24022 Robert C. Feenstra
Akira Sasahara

The 'China Shock', Exports and U.S. Employment: A Global Input-Output Analysis
w24013 Anna Gumpert
Haishi Li
Andreas Moxnes
Natalia Ramondo
Felix Tintelnot

The Life-Cycle Dynamics of Exporters and Multinational Firms
w23996 Stefano DellaVigna
Matthew Gentzkow

Uniform Pricing in US Retail Chains
w23992 Gojko Barjamovic
Thomas Chaney
Kerem A. Coşar
Ali Hortaçsu

Trade, Merchants, and the Lost Cities of the Bronze Age
w23949 Christopher Hansman
Jonas Hjort
Gianmarco León
Matthieu Teachout

Vertical Integration, Supplier Behavior, and Quality Upgrading among Exporters
w23947 Brian K. Kovak
Lindsay Oldenski
Nicholas Sly

The Labor Market Effects of Offshoring by U.S. Multinational Firms
w23894 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger
Ali Yurukoglu

"Nash-in-Nash" Tariff Bargaining with and without MFN
w23893 Shang-Jin Wei
Ziru Wei
Jianhuan Xu

Sizing up Market Failures in Export Pioneering Activities
w23878 Nina Pavcnik
The Impact of Trade on Inequality in Developing Countries
w23857 Mark Brown
Shon M. Ferguson
Crina Viju

Agricultural Trade Reform, Reallocation and Technical Change: Evidence from the Canadian Prairies
w23836 Fabio Ghironi
Macro Needs Micro
w23834 Carsten Eckel
Stephen R. Yeaple

Too Much of a Good Thing? Labor Market Imperfections as a Source of Exceptional Exporter Performance
w23825 Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke
Two Great Trade Collapses: The Interwar Period & Great Recession Compared
w23822 Donald R. Davis
Jonathan I. Dingel
Joan Monras
Eduardo Morales

How Segregated is Urban Consumption?
w23818 Nida Çakir Melek
Michael Plante
Mine K. Yücel

The U.S. Shale Oil Boom, the Oil Export Ban, and the Economy: A General Equilibrium Analysis
w23777 Enghin Atalay
Ali Hortaçsu
Mary Jialin Li
Chad Syverson

How Wide Is the Firm Border?
w23774 Giovanni Maggi
Robert W. Staiger

Learning by Ruling and Trade Disputes
w23773 Hanno Lustig
Robert J. Richmond

Gravity in FX R-Squared: Understanding the Factor Structure in Exchange Rates
w23757 James E. Anderson
Mario Larch
Yoto V. Yotov

Trade and Investment in the Global Economy
w23753 Gordon Hanson
Chen Liu
Craig McIntosh

The Rise and Fall of U.S. Low-Skilled Immigration
w23737 Simon Galle
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare
Moises Yi

Slicing the Pie: Quantifying the Aggregate and Distributional Effects of Trade
w23720 Keith Head
Barbara J. Spencer

Oligopoly in International Trade: Rise, Fall and Resurgence
w23705 Javier Cravino
Samuel E. Haltenhof

Real Exchange Rates, Income per Capita, and Sectoral Input Shares
w23695 Lorenzo Caliendo
Luca David Opromolla
Fernando Parro
Alessandro Sforza

Goods and Factor Market Integration: A Quantitative Assessment of the EU Enlargement
w23690 Haichao Fan
Yao Amber Li
Stephen R. Yeaple

On the Relationship Between Quality and Productivity: Evidence from China's Accession to the WTO
w23681 Zadia M. Feliciano
Andrew Green

US Multinationals in Puerto Rico and the Repeal of Section 936 Tax Exemption for U.S. Corporations
w23678 Panle Jia Barwick
Shengmao Cao
Shanjun Li

Local Protectionism, Market Structure, and Social Welfare: China's Automobile Market
w23630 Lorenzo Caliendo
Ferdinando Monte
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Exporting and Organizational Change
w23616 Sumit Agarwal
J. Bradford Jensen
Ferdinando Monte

Consumer Mobility and the Local Structure of Consumption Industries
w23608 Michael Bailey
Ruiqing (Rachel) Cao
Theresa Kuchler
Johannes Stroebel
Arlene Wong

Measuring Social Connectedness
w23595 Rafael Dix-Carneiro
Brian K. Kovak

Margins of Labor Market Adjustment to Trade
w23581 Giulia Brancaccio
Myrto Kalouptsidi
Theodore Papageorgiou

Geography, Search Frictions and Endogenous Trade Costs
w23578 Tom Krebs
Pravin Krishna
William F. Maloney

Income Mobility, Income Risk and Welfare
w23559 Dani Rodrik
Populism and the Economics of Globalization
w23536 Mary Amiti
Patrick McGuire
David E. Weinstein

Supply- and Demand-side Factors in Global Banking
w23503 Javier Cravino
Sebastian Sotelo

Trade Induced Structural Change and the Skill Premium
w23500 Chuantian He
Chunding Li
John Whalley

General Equilibrium Trade Modelling with Canada-US Transportation Costs
w23494 SeHyoun Ahn
Greg Kaplan
Benjamin Moll
Thomas Winberry
Christian Wolf

When Inequality Matters for Macro and Macro Matters for Inequality
w23487 Mary Amiti
Mi Dai
Robert C. Feenstra
John Romalis

How Did China's WTO Entry Affect U.S. Prices?
w23482 Justin Caron
Thibault Fally
James Markusen

Per Capita Income and the Demand for Skills
w23458 James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

Short Run Gravity
w23456 Pol Antràs
Alonso de Gortari

On the Geography of Global Value Chains
w23427 Arnaud Costinot
Iván Werning

The Lerner Symmetry Theorem: Generalizations and Qualifications
w23409 Javier Cravino
Andrei A. Levchenko

The Distributional Consequences of Large Devaluations
w23400 Rafael Dix-Carneiro
Rodrigo R. Soares
Gabriel Ulyssea

Economic Shocks and Crime: Evidence from the Brazilian Trade Liberalization
w23387 Michael E. Waugh
Firm Dynamics and Immigration: The Case of High-Skilled Immigration
w23384 Wolfgang Keller
William W. Olney

Globalization and Executive Compensation
w23338 David Hummels
Kwan Yong Lee

The Income Elasticity of Import Demand: Micro Evidence and An Application
w23330 Ariel Burstein
Gordon Hanson
Lin Tian
Jonathan Vogel

Tradability and the Labor-Market Impact of Immigration: Theory and Evidence from the U.S.
w23324 Fatih Guvenen
Raymond J. Mataloni
Dylan G. Rassier
Kim J. Ruhl

Offshore Profit Shifting and Domestic Productivity Measurement
w23310 Irem Demirci
Jennifer Huang
Clemens Sialm

Government Debt and Corporate Leverage: International Evidence
w23309 Rodolphe Desbordes
Shang-Jin Wei

The Effects of Financial Development on Foreign Direct Investment
w23289 Sandra Sequeira
Nathan Nunn
Nancy Qian

Migrants and the Making of America: The Short- and Long-Run Effects of Immigration during the Age of Mass Migration
w23261 Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei
Xinding Yu
Kunfu Zhu

Characterizing Global Value Chains: Production Length and Upstreamness
w23246 Raphael A. Auer
Andrei A. Levchenko
Philip Sauré

International Inflation Spillovers Through Input Linkages
w23237 Quy-Toan Do
Andrei A. Levchenko

Trade Policy and Redistribution when Preferences are Non-Homothetic
w23235 Patrick J. Kehoe
Elena Pastorino

Financial Markets and Fiscal Unions
w23222 Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei
Xinding Yu
Kunfu Zhu

Measures of Participation in Global Value Chains and Global Business Cycles
w23209 Christian Dippel
Robert Gold
Stephan Heblich
Rodrigo Pinto

Instrumental Variables and Causal Mechanisms: Unpacking The Effect of Trade on Workers and Voters
w23200 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Edouard Schaal

Optimal Transport Networks in Spatial Equilibrium
w23170 Wenxin Du
Alexander Tepper
Adrien Verdelhan

Deviations from Covered Interest Rate Parity
w23164 Alan de Bromhead
Alan Fernihough
Markus Lampe
Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke

When Britain turned inward: Protection and the shift towards Empire in Interwar Britain
w23161 Robert C. Feenstra
Mingzhi Xu
Alexis Antoniades

What is the Price of Tea in China? Towards the Relative Cost of Living in Chinese and U.S. Cities
w23152 Alexander Wagner
Richard J. Zeckhauser
Alexandre Ziegler

Company Stock Reactions to the 2016 Election Shock: Trump, Taxes and Trade
w23146 Raymond Owens III
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg
Pierre-Daniel Sarte

Rethinking Detroit
w23101 Benjamin Faber
Thibault Fally

Firm Heterogeneity in Consumption Baskets: Evidence from Home and Store Scanner Data
w23067 Robert C. Feenstra
Statistics to Measure Offshoring and its Impact
w23049 Alessia A. Amighini
Margaret S. McMillan
Marco Sanfilippo

FDI and Capital Formation in Developing Economies: New Evidence from Industry-level Data
w23037 Douglas A. Irwin
The Missing Bretton Woods Debate over Flexible Exchange Rates
w23021 Xinshen Diao
Kenneth Harttgen
Margaret McMillan

The Changing Structure of Africa's Economies
w23016 Lionel Fontagné
Ann Harrison

The Factory-Free Economy: Outsourcing, Servitization and the Future of Industry
w23004 Anton Korinek
Currency Wars or Efficient Spillovers? A General Theory of International Policy Cooperation
w22974 Robert C. Johnson
Guillermo Noguera

A Portrait of Trade in Value Added over Four Decades
w22960 Robert W. Staiger
Alan O. Sykes

The Economic Structure of International Trade-in-Services Agreements
w22946 Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson

How Large Are the Gains from Economic Integration? Theory and Evidence from U.S. Agriculture, 1880-1997
w22944 Elhanan Helpman
Globalization and Wage Inequality
w22943 Gita Gopinath
Emine Boz
Camila Casas
Federico J. Díez
Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas
Mikkel Plagborg-Møller

Dominant Currency Paradigm
w22930 John McLaren
Myunghwan Yoo

FDI and Inequality in Vietnam: An Approach with Census Data
w22879 David Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson
Gary Pisano
Pian Shu

Foreign Competition and Domestic Innovation: Evidence from U.S. Patents
w22852 Cristina Mitaritonna
Gianluca Orefice
Giovanni Peri

Immigrants and Firms' Outcomes: Evidence from France
w22849 Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

Trade Liberalization and Mortality: Evidence from U.S. Counties
w22842 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Multilateral Trade Bargaining and Dominant Strategies
w22804 Matilde Bombardini
Bingjing Li

Trade, Pollution and Mortality in China
w22772 T. Renee Bowen
George Georgiadis
Nicolas S. Lambert

Collective Choice in Dynamic Public Good Provision
w22757 Jonathan I. Dingel
The Determinants of Quality Specialization
w22750 Bruce A. Blonigen
Justin R. Pierce

Evidence for the Effects of Mergers on Market Power and Efficiency
w22736 David S. Jacks
Dennis Novy

Market Potential and Global Growth over the Long Twentieth Century
w22727 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

Global Firms
w22706 Timothy J. Kehoe
Pau S. Pujolas
Jack Rossbach

Quantitative Trade Models: Developments and Challenges
w22676 Pol Antràs
Alonso de Gortari
Oleg Itskhoki

Globalization, Inequality and Welfare
w22655 Stephen J. Redding
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Quantitative Spatial Economics
w22653 Filipe Campante
David Yanagizawa-Drott

Long-Range Growth: Economic Development in the Global Network of Air Links
w22649 Andrew B. Bernard
Toshihiro Okubo

Product Switching and the Business Cycle
w22647 Federica Coelli
Andreas Moxnes
Karen Helene Ulltveit-Moe

Better, Faster, Stronger: Global Innovation and Trade Liberalization
w22637 David Autor
David Dorn
Gordon Hanson
Kaveh Majlesi

Importing Political Polarization? The Electoral Consequences of Rising Trade Exposure
w22636 Jevan Cherniwchan
Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Trade and the Environment: New Methods, Measurements, and Results
w22623 Gordon H. Hanson
Matthew J. Slaughter

High-Skilled Immigration and the Rise of STEM Occupations in U.S. Employment
w22622 Gordon Hanson
Craig McIntosh

Is The Mediterranean The New Rio Grande? US And EU Immigration Pressures In The Long Run
w22593 Derek Kellenberg
Arik Levinson

Misreporting Trade: Tariff Evasion, Corruption, and Auditing Standards
w22550 Teresa C. Fort
Technology and Production Fragmentation: Domestic versus Foreign Sourcing
w22546 Bruce A. Blonigen
Donghyun Lee

Heterogeneous Frictional Costs Across Industries in Cross-border Mergers and Acquisitions
w22538 Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson
Margaret Kyle
Heidi Williams

The More We Die, The More We Sell? A Simple Test of the Home-Market Effect
w22514 Timothy J. Kehoe
Pau S. Pujolas
Kim J. Ruhl

The Opportunity Costs of Entrepreneurs in International Trade
w22498 Javier Cravino
Andrei A. Levchenko

Multinational Firms and International Business Cycle Transmission
w22484 Konstantin Kucheryavyy
Gary Lyn
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Grounded by Gravity: A Well-Behaved Trade Model with Industry-Level Economies of Scale
w22479 Stephen J. Redding
David E. Weinstein

Measuring Aggregate Price Indexes with Taste Shocks: Theory and Evidence for CES Preferences
w22437 Allan Collard-Wexler
Jan De Loecker

Production Function Estimation with Measurement Error in Inputs
w22433 Thierry Mayer
Marc J. Melitz
Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano

Product Mix and Firm Productivity Responses to Trade Competition
w22365 David Hummels
Jakob Munch
Chong Xiang

No Pain, No Gain: The Effects of Exports on Effort, Injury, and Illness
w22370 Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas
Thomas Philippon
Dimitri Vayanos

The Analytics of the Greek Crisis
w22368 Antonio Ciccone
Elias Papaioannou

Estimating Cross-Industry Cross-Country Interaction Models Using Benchmark Industry Characteristics
w22362 Daqing Yao
John Whalley

Global Service Efficiency and the Role of Special and Differential Based Negotiation
w22315 Wolfgang Keller
Hâle Utar

International Trade and Job Polarization: Evidence at the Worker-Level
w22314 Solomon Hsiang
Nitin Sekar

Does Legalization Reduce Black Market Activity? Evidence from a Global Ivory Experiment and Elephant Poaching Data
w22300 Benjamin Faber
Cecile Gaubert

Tourism and Economic Development: Evidence from Mexico's Coastline
w22295 Emmanuel Farhi
Matteo Maggiori

A Model of the International Monetary System
w22281 Sharat Ganapati
Joseph S. Shapiro
Reed Walker

Energy Cost Pass-Through in U.S. Manufacturing: Estimates and Implications for Carbon Taxes
w22276 Treb Allen
David Atkin

Volatility and the Gains from Trade
w22236 Felix Tintelnot
Global Production with Export Platforms
w22198 Nicholas Ford
Charles Yuji Horioka

The 'Real' Explanation of the PPP Puzzle
w22178 Yi Che
Yi Lu
Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott
Zhigang Tao

Does Trade Liberalization with China Influence U.S. Elections?
w22175 Mario J. Crucini
Gregor W. Smith

Distance and Time Effects in Swedish Commodity Prices, 1732-1914
w22161 Zhi Da
Borja Larrain
Clemens Sialm
José Tessada

Coordinated Noise Trading: Evidence from Pension Fund Reallocations
w22160 L. Kamran Bilir
Eduardo Morales

Innovation in the Global Firm
w22147 Michael E. Waugh
B. Ravikumar

Measuring Openness to Trade
w22138 Nuno Limão
Preferential Trade Agreements
w22119 Mary Amiti
Oleg Itskhoki
Jozef Konings

International Shocks and Domestic Prices: How Large Are Strategic Complementarities?
w22114 Andrew B. Bernard
Valerie Smeets
Frederic Warzynski

Rethinking Deindustrialization
w22110 James Harrigan
Ariell Reshef
Farid Toubal

The March of the Techies: Technology, Trade, and Job Polarization in France, 1994-2007
w22087 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

The Design of Trade Agreements
w22081 Nicholas Ford
Charles Yuji Horioka

The "Real" Explanation of the Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle
w22070 Gene M. Grossman
The Purpose of Trade Agreements
w22069 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Nicholas Li
Ralph Ossa
Mu-Jeung Yang

Gains from Trade with Flexible Extensive Margin Adjustment
w22062 Ralph Ossa
Quantitative Models of Commercial Policy
w22041 David Hummels
Jakob R. Munch
Chong Xiang

Offshoring and Labor Markets
w21994 Jan De Loecker
Johannes Van Biesebroeck

Effect of International Competition on Firm Productivity and Market Power
w21989 Arnaud Costinot
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare
Iván Werning

Micro to Macro: Optimal Trade Policy with Firm Heterogeneity
w21985 Ling Feng
Zhiyuan Li
Deborah L. Swenson

Trade Policy Uncertainty and Exports: Evidence from China's WTO Accession
w21984 Paolo Bertoletti
Federico Etro
Ina Simonovska

International Trade with Indirect Additivity
w21957 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

The Effects of Trade Policy
w21956 Martin Beraja
Erik Hurst
Juan Ospina

The Aggregate Implications of Regional Business Cycles
w21935 Doireann Fitzgerald
Stefanie Haller
Yaniv Yedid-Levi

How Exporters Grow
w21910 Nava Ashraf
Edward L. Glaeser
Giacomo A.M. Ponzetto

Infrastructure, Incentives and Institutions
w21906 David H. Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson

The China Shock: Learning from Labor Market Adjustment to Large Changes in Trade
w21899 J. Bradford Jensen
Dennis P. Quinn
Stephen Weymouth

Winners and Losers in International Trade: The Effects on U.S. Presidential Voting
w21886 Wolfgang Keller
Javier Andres Santiago
Carol H. Shiue

Foreigners Knocking on the Door: Trade in China During the Treaty Port Era
w21885 Julian di Giovanni
Andrei A. Levchenko
Isabelle Mejean

The Micro Origins of International Business Cycle Comovement
w21883 Emily J. Blanchard
Chad P. Bown
Robert C. Johnson

Global Supply Chains and Trade Policy
w21860 Zadia M. Feliciano
Nadia Doytch

EU Accession and Foreign Owned Firms in Bulgaria
w21853 Chunding Li
John Whalley

The 2008 Financial Crisis and the Lack of Retaliatory Trade Intervention
w21847 Konrad B. Burchardi
Thomas Chaney
Tarek A. Hassan

Migrants, Ancestors, and Investments
w21840 Jose Asturias
Sewon Hur
Timothy J. Kehoe
Kim J. Ruhl

The Interaction and Sequencing of Policy Reforms
w21812 Christian Dippel
Stephan Heblich
Robert Gold

Globalization and Its (Dis-)Content: Trade Shocks and Voting Behavior
w21811 Lorenzo Caliendo
Giordano Mion
Luca David Opromolla
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Productivity and Organization in Portuguese Firms
w21801 Giovanni Peri
Vasil Yasenov

The Labor Market Effects of a Refugee Wave: Applying the Synthetic Control Method to the Mariel Boatlift
w21800 Daniel Paravisini
Veronica Rappoport
Philipp Schnabl

Specialization in Bank Lending: Evidence from Exporting Firms
w21794 Edward L. Glaeser
Giacomo A. M. Ponzetto
Yimei Zou

Urban Networks: Connecting Markets, People, and Ideas
w21782 Chad P. Bown
Douglas A. Irwin

The GATT's Starting Point: Tariff Levels circa 1947
w21774 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel S. Kortum
Brent Neiman

Obstfeld and Rogoff's International Macro Puzzles: A Quantitative Assessment
w21768 Lorenzo Caliendo
Robert C. Feenstra
John Romalis
Alan M. Taylor

Tariff Reductions, Entry, and Welfare: Theory and Evidence for the Last Two Decades
w21763 Ann Harrison
Benjamin Hyman
Leslie Martin
Shanthi Nataraj

When do Firms Go Green? Comparing Command and Control Regulations with Price Incentives in India
w21760 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Eduardo Morales
Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Owen M. Zidar

State Taxes and Spatial Misallocation
w21753 Gordon H. Hanson
Nelson Lind
Marc-Andreas Muendler

The Dynamics of Comparative Advantage
w21752 Lee G. Branstetter
Matej Drev
Namho Kwon

Get With the Program: Software-Driven Innovation in Traditional Manufacturing
w21706 Ferdinando Monte
Stephen J. Redding
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Commuting, Migration and Local Employment Elasticities
w21691 Andrew B. Bernard
Swati Dhingra

Contracting and the Division of the Gains from Trade
w21677 Quy-Toan Do
Andrei A. Levchenko
Claudio Raddatz

Comparative Advantage, International Trade, and Fertility
w21646 Gita Gopinath
The International Price System
w21619 Olivier Blanchard
Jonathan D. Ostry
Atish R. Ghosh
Marcos Chamon

Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence
w21608 Daron Acemoglu
Murat Ucer

The Ups and Downs of Turkish Growth, 2002-2015: Political Dynamics, the European Union and the Institutional Slide
w21583 A. Kerem Cosar
Paul L. E. Grieco
Shengyu Li
Felix Tintelnot

What Drives Home Market Advantage?
w21582 Laura Alfaro
Pol Antràs
Davin Chor
Paola Conconi

Internalizing Global Value Chains: A Firm-Level Analysis
w21573 Bruce A. Blonigen
Thomas J. Prusa

Dumping and Antidumping Duties
w21546 James E. Anderson
Ingo Borchert
Aaditya Mattoo
Yoto V. Yotov

Dark Costs, Missing Data: Shedding Some Light on Services Trade
w21537 Andrew K. Rose
Like Me, Buy Me: The Effect of Soft Power on Exports
w21535 Reuven Glick
Andrew K. Rose

Currency Unions and Trade: A Post-EMU Mea Culpa
w21520 Thibault Fally
Russell Hillberry

A Coasian Model of International Production Chains
w21514 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Jan Svejnar
Katherine Terrell

Does Foreign Entry Spur Innovation?
w21504 Joaquin Blaum
Claire LeLarge
Michael Peters

The Gains from Input Trade in Firm-Based Models of Importing
w21500 Steven T. Berry
Philip Haile

Identification in Differentiated Products Markets
w21498 Francesco Caselli
Miklós Koren
Milan Lisicky
Silvana Tenreyro

Diversification through Trade
w21488 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger
Ali Yurukoglu

Multilateral Trade Bargaining: A First Look at the GATT Bargaining Records
w21472 Natalia Ramondo
Veronica Rappoport
Kim J. Ruhl

Intrafirm Trade and Vertical Fragmentation in U.S. Multinational Corporations
w21439 David Atkin
Dave Donaldson

Who's Getting Globalized? The Size and Implications of Intra-national Trade Costs
w21423 Chunding Li
Jing Wang
John Whalley

The Armington Assumption and the Size of Optimal Tariffs
w21417 David Atkin
Azam Chaudhry
Shamyla Chaudry
Amit K. Khandelwal
Eric Verhoogen

Organizational Barriers to Technology Adoption: Evidence from Soccer-Ball Producers in Pakistan
w21408 Ina Simonovska
Ariel Weinberger
Jae Wook Jung

Exporter Heterogeneity and Price Discrimination: A Quantitative View
w21401 Rodrigo Adao
Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson

Nonparametric Counterfactual Predictions in Neoclassical Models of International Trade
w21377 James E. Anderson
Mario Larch
Yoto V. Yotov

Growth and Trade with Frictions: A Structural Estimation Framework
w21370 Costas Arkolakis
Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

The Elusive Pro-Competitive Effects of Trade
w21351 Michael J. Dickstein
Eduardo Morales

What do Exporters Know?
turn12-1 Sarah Turner and William Kerr

US High-Skilled Immigration in the Global Economy
w21306 Benjamin Faber
Rosa Sanchis-Guarner
Felix Weinhardt

ICT and Education: Evidence from Student Home Addresses
w21303 Kyle Bagwell
Chad P. Bown
Robert W. Staiger

Is the WTO passé?
w21299 Daqing Yao
John Whalley

Assessing the Effects of the MFA/ATC from US and World Trade Data after Its Removal
w21251 Dominick Bartelme
Yuriy Gorodnichenko

Linkages and Economic Development
w21245 Ross Levine
Chen Lin
Beibei Shen

Cross-border Acquisitions and Labor Regulations
w21228 Nicola Fuchs-Schuendeln
Tarek Alexander Hassan

Natural Experiments in Macroeconomics
w21225 Matilde Bombardini
Gianluca Orefice
Maria D. Tito

Does Exporting Improve Matching? Evidence from French Employer-Employee Data
w21212 Thibault Fally
Structural Gravity and Fixed Effects
w21200 Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano
Giovanni Peri
Greg C. Wright

Immigration, Trade and Productivity in Services: Evidence from U.K. Firms
w21198 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Bohdan Kukharskyy
Gerard Roland

Culture and Global Sourcing
w21176 David Atkin
Benjamin Faber
Marco Gonzalez-Navarro

Retail Globalization and Household Welfare: Evidence from Mexico
w21175 Giovanni Peri
Kevin Shih
Chad Sparber

Foreign and Native Skilled Workers: What Can We Learn from H-1B Lotteries?
w21164 Kala Krishna
Xue Bai
Hong Ma

How You Export Matters: Export Mode, Learning and Productivity in China
w21149 Lorenzo Caliendo
Maximiliano Dvorkin
Fernando Parro

The Impact of Trade on Labor Market Dynamics
w21123 Gihoon Hong
John McLaren

Are Immigrants a Shot in the Arm for the Local Economy?
w21120 Enrico Moretti
Daniel Wilson

The Effect of State Taxes on the Geographical Location of Top Earners: Evidence from Star Scientists
w21087 Klaus Desmet
Dávid Krisztián Nagy
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The Geography of Development: Evaluating Migration Restrictions and Coastal Flooding
w21082 Andrew B. Bernard
Andreas Moxnes
Yukiko U. Saito

Production Networks, Geography and Firm Performance
w21070 Rudolfs Bems
Robert C. Johnson

Demand for Value Added and Value-Added Exchange Rates
w21033 Denis Chetverikov
Bradley Larsen
Christopher Palmer

IV Quantile Regression for Group-level Treatments, with an Application to the Distributional Effects of Trade
w21029 Brian McCaig
Margaret S. McMillan
Iñigo Verduzco-Gallo
Keith Jefferis

Stuck in the Middle? Structural Change and Productivity Growth in Botswana
w21027 Avraham Ebenstein
Ann Harrison
Margaret McMillan

Why are American Workers getting Poorer? China, Trade and Offshoring
w21008 James A. Brander
Barbara J. Spencer

Intra-Industry Trade with Bertrand and Cournot Oligopoly: The Role of Endogenous Horizontal Product Differentiation
w21006 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Zheng (Michael) Song

Grasp the Large, Let Go of the Small: The Transformation of the State Sector in China
w20975 Ralph Ossa
A Quantitative Analysis of Subsidy Competition in the U.S.
w20958 Christian Dippel
Avner Greif
Daniel Trefler

Outside Options, Coercion, and Wages: Removing the Sugar Coating
w20935 Dani Rodrik
Premature Deindustrialization
w20924 Daqing Yao
John Whalley

The China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone: Background, Developments and Preliminary Assessment of Initial Impacts
w20912 Rafael Dix-Carneiro
Brian K. Kovak

Trade Liberalization and the Skill Premium: A Local Labor Markets Approach
w20908 Rafael Dix-Carneiro
Brian K. Kovak

Trade Reform and Regional Dynamics: Evidence From 25 Years of Brazilian Matched Employer-Employee Data
w20891 Brian McCaig
Nina Pavcnik

Informal Employment in a Growing and Globalizing Low-income Country
w20881 Jesse Perla
Christopher Tonetti
Michael E. Waugh

Equilibrium Technology Diffusion, Trade, and Growth
w20879 Joseph S. Shapiro
Reed Walker

Why is Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing Declining? The Roles of Environmental Regulation, Productivity, and Trade
w20868 David Atkin
Azam Chaudhry
Shamyla Chaudry
Amit K. Khandelwal
Eric Verhoogen

Mark-up and Cost Dispersion across Firms: Direct Evidence from Producer Surveys in Pakistan
w20855 Ariel Burstein
Eduardo Morales
Jonathan Vogel

Accounting for Changes in Between-Group Inequality
w20803 Markus K. Brunnermeier
Yuliy Sannikov

International Credit Flows and Pecuniary Externalities
w20787 Treb Allen
Costas Arkolakis
Yuta Takahashi

Universal Gravity
w20772 Pol Antràs
Teresa C. Fort
Felix Tintelnot

The Margins of Global Sourcing: Theory and Evidence from U.S. Firms
w20769 Joel M. David
Espen Henriksen
Ina Simonovska

The Risky Capital of Emerging Markets
w20739 Sascha O. Becker
Marc-Andreas Muendler

Trade and Tasks: An Exploration over Three Decades in Germany
w20726 Laura Alfaro
Anusha Chari
Fabio Kanczuk

The Real Effects of Capital Controls: Firm-Level Evidence from a Policy Experiment
w20690 David Atkin
Amit K. Khandelwal
Adam Osman

Exporting and Firm Performance: Evidence from a Randomized Trial
w20663 George Alessandria
Horag Choi
Kim Ruhl

Trade Adjustment Dynamics and the Welfare Gains from Trade
w20635 Douglas A. Irwin
Tariff Incidence: Evidence from U.S. Sugar Duties, 1890-1930
w20634 C. Fritz Foley
Kalina Manova

International Trade, Multinational Activity, and Corporate Finance
w20616 George Alessandria
Horag Choi
Joseph P. Kaboski
Virgiliu Midrigan

Microeconomic Uncertainty, International Trade, and Aggregate Fluctuations
w20607 Luis Garicano
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Knowledge-based Hierarchies: Using Organizations to Understand the Economy
w20602 Donald R. Davis
Jonathan I. Dingel

The Comparative Advantage of Cities
w20585 Arnaud Costinot
Jonathan Vogel

Beyond Ricardo: Assignment Models in International Trade
w20551 Nianli Zhou
John Whalley

How Do the "GATS-Plus" and "GATS-Minus" Characteristics of Regional Service Agreements Affect Trade in Services?
w20502 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Growth, Trade, and Inequality
w20498 Fernando Leibovici
Michael E. Waugh

International Trade and Intertemporal Substitution
w20495 Ina Simonovska
Michael E. Waugh

Trade Models, Trade Elasticities, and the Gains from Trade
w19942 Leslie A. Martin
Shanthi Nataraj
Ann Harrison

In with the Big, Out with the Small: Removing Small-Scale Reservations in India
w20475 Sebastian Edwards
Alvaro Garcia Marin

Constitutional Rights and Education: An International Comparative Study
w20455 Brian McCaig
Nina Pavcnik

Export Markets and Labor Allocation in a Low-income Country
w20436 Colin Hottman
Stephen J. Redding
David E. Weinstein

Quantifying the Sources of Firm Heterogeneity
w20428 Ethan Lewis
Giovanni Peri

Immigration and the Economy of Cities and Regions
w20425 Chunding Li
Jing Wang
John Whalley

Numerical General Equilibrium Analysis of China's Impacts from Possible Mega Trade Deals
w20424 Chunding Li
John Whalley

How Close is Asia to Already Being A Trade Bloc?
w20395 Daron Acemoglu
David Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson
Brendan Price

Import Competition and the Great U.S. Employment Sag of the 2000s
w20383 Rachel Heath
A. Mushfiq Mobarak

Manufacturing Growth and the Lives of Bangladeshi Women
w20357 Raluca E. Dragusanu
Daniele Giovannucci
Nathan Nunn

The Economics of Fair Trade
w20354 Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt
Stephen J. Redding
Daniel M. Sturm
Nikolaus Wolf

The Economics of Density: Evidence from the Berlin Wall
w20336 Tatiana Didier
Ross Levine
Sergio L. Schmukler

Capital Market Financing, Firm Growth, Firm Size Distribution
w20331 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Amit K. Khandelwal

Measuring the Unequal Gains from Trade
w20326 Roberto Bonfatti
Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke

Growth, Import Dependence and War
w20323 Haichao Fan
Yao Amber Li
Stephen R. Yeaple

Trade Liberalization, Quality, and Export Prices
w20294 Tarek A. Hassan
Rui C. Mano

Forward and Spot Exchange Rates in a Multi-currency World
w20247 Mario J. Crucini
Gregor W. Smith

Geographic Barriers to Commodity Price Integration: Evidence from US Cities and Swedish Towns, 1732-1860
w20236 Nikhil Patel
Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei

Global Value Chains and Effective Exchange Rates at the Country-Sector Level
w20235 Stephen J. Redding
Matthew A. Turner

Transportation Costs and the Spatial Organization of Economic Activity
w20225 Alberto Cavallo
Brent Neiman
Roberto Rigobon

The Price Impact of Joining a Currency Union: Evidence from Latvia
w20217 Pablo Fajgelbaum
Stephen J. Redding

External Integration, Structural Transformation and Economic Development: Evidence from Argentina 1870-1914
w20188 Dani Rodrik
An African Growth Miracle?
w20168 Lorenzo Caliendo
Fernando Parro
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg
Pierre-Daniel Sarte

The Impact of Regional and Sectoral Productivity Changes on the U.S. Economy
w20143 Paulo Bastos
Joana Silva
Eric Verhoogen

Export Destinations and Input Prices
w20136 Andrew B. Bernard
Andreas Moxnes
Karen Helene Ulltveit-Moe

Two-Sided Heterogeneity and Trade
w20102 Nicholas Bloom
Renata Lemos
Raffaella Sadun
Daniela Scur
John Van Reenen

The New Empirical Economics of Management
w20089 Raymond Fisman
Yasushi Hamao
Yongxiang Wang

Nationalism and Economic Exchange: Evidence from Shocks to Sino-Japanese Relations
w20079 Dave Donaldson
Arnaud Costinot
Cory B. Smith

Evolving Comparative Advantage and the Impact of Climate Change in Agricultural Markets: Evidence from 1.7 Million Fields around the World
w20077 Margaret S. McMillan
Kenneth Harttgen

What is driving the 'African Growth Miracle'?
w20063 Robert C. Feenstra
Philip A. Luck
Maurice Obstfeld
Katheryn N. Russ

In Search of the Armington Elasticity
w20061 Julian di Giovanni
Andrei Levchenko
Isabelle Mejean

Firms, Destinations, and Aggregate Fluctuations
w20046 Kamran Bilir
Davin Chor
Kalina Manova

Host-Country Financial Development and Multinational Activity
w20023 Ran Abramitzky
Isabelle Sin

Book Translations as Idea Flows: The Effects of the Collapse of Communism on the Diffusion of Knowledge
w20002 Julian di Giovanni
Andrei Levchenko
Francesc Ortega

A Global View of Cross-Border Migration
w19992 Ana Cecília Fieler
Marcela Eslava
Daniel Xu

Trade, Skills, and Quality Upgrading: A Theory with Evidence from Colombia
w19968 Doireann Fitzgerald
Stefanie Haller

Exporters and Shocks: Dissecting the International Elasticity Puzzle
w19951 Nicholas Bloom
Paul M. Romer
Stephen J. Terry
John Van Reenen

Trapped Factors and China's Impact on Global Growth
w19941 Dennis Novy
Alan M. Taylor

Trade and Uncertainty
w19926 Gregory Clark
Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke
Alan M. Taylor

The Growing Dependence of Britain on Trade during the Industrial Revolution
w19923 Rajeev H. Dehejia
Arvind Panagariya

The Link Between Manufacturing Growth and Accelerated Services Growth in India
w19916 Eduardo Morales
Gloria Sheu
Andrés Zahler

Gravity and Extended Gravity: Using Moment Inequalities to Estimate a Model of Export Entry
w19872 Delina E. Agnosteva
James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

Intra-national Trade Costs: Measurement and Aggregation
w19865 Andrew B. Bernard
Renzo Massari
Jose-Daniel Reyes
Daria Taglioni

Exporter Dynamics, Firm Size and Growth, and Partial Year Effects
w19853 Chunding Li
Jing Wang
John Whalley

China's Regional and Bilateral Trade Agreements
w19833 Robert C. Feenstra
Restoring the Product Variety and Pro-competitive Gains from Trade with Heterogeneous Firms and Bounded Productivity
w19810 Marc J. Melitz
Stephen J. Redding

Missing Gains from Trade?
w19759 Antoine Gervais
J. Bradford Jensen

The Tradability of Services: Geographic Concentration and Trade Costs
w19754 James R. Markusen
Per-capita Income as a Determinant of International Trade and Environmental Policies
w19752 James E. Anderson
J. Peter Neary

Revenue Tariff Reform
w19751 Marc-Andreas Muendler
Export or Merge? Proximity vs. Concentration in Product Space
w19714 Nicholas Bloom
Fluctuations in Uncertainty
w19697 A. Kerem Coşar
Pablo D. Fajgelbaum

Internal Geography, International Trade, and Regional Specialization
w19692 Timothy J. Kehoe
Jack M. Rossbach
Kim J. Ruhl

Using the New Products Margin to Predict the Industry-Level Impact of Trade Reform
w19689 Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson
Jonathan Vogel
Ivan Werning

Comparative Advantage and Optimal Trade Policy
w19677 Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei
Kunfu Zhu

Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sector Levels
w19667 Fernando E. Alvarez
Francisco J. Buera
Robert E. Lucas

Idea Flows, Economic Growth, and Trade
w19658 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

Skilled Immigration and the Employment Structures of U.S. Firms
w19657 William R. Kerr
Heterogeneous Technology Diffusion and Ricardian Trade Patterns
w19637 David Byrne
Brian K. Kovak
Ryan Michaels

Price and Quality Dispersion in an Offshoring Market: Evidence from Semiconductor Production Services
w19641 Andrei A. Levchenko
Jing Zhang

Ricardian Productivity Differences and the Gains from Trade
w19631 Dani Rodrik
When Ideas Trump Interests: Preferences, World Views, and Policy Innovations
w19624 Siqi Zheng
Cong Sun
Ye Qi
Matthew E. Kahn

The Evolving Geography of China's Industrial Production: Implications for Pollution Dynamics and Urban Quality of Life
w19616 Brian McCaig
Nina Pavcnik

Moving out of Agriculture: Structural Change in Vietnam
w19555 Tibor Besedeš
Thomas J. Prusa

Antidumping and the Death of Trade
w19533 Derek Kellenberg
Arik Levinson

Waste of Effort? International Environmental Agreements
w19530 Kym Anderson
Maros Ivanic
Will Martin

Food Price Spikes, Price Insulation and Poverty
w19513 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman
Philipp Kircher

Matching and Sorting in a Global Economy
w19492 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Labor Market Frictions, Firm Growth, and International Trade
w19486 Michael J. Dickstein
Eduardo Morales

Accounting for Expectational and Structural Error in Binary Choice Problems: A Moment Inequality Approach
w19468 Bruce A. Blonigen
Jacob McGrew

Task Routineness and Trade Policy Preferences
w19463 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Effects of Speculation and Interest Rates in a "Carry Trade" Model of Commodity Prices
w19409 Volker Nocke
Stephen Yeaple

Globalization and Multiproduct Firms
w19396 Andrew B. Bernard
Teresa C. Fort

Factoryless Goods Producers in the US
w19376 Kyle Handley
Nuno Limão

Policy Uncertainty, Trade and Welfare: Theory and Evidence for China and the U.S.
w19371 Robert Ready
Nikolai Roussanov
Colin Ward

Commodity Trade and the Carry Trade: a Tale of Two Countries
w19356 Paul R. Bergin
Giancarlo Corsetti

International Competitiveness and Monetary Policy: Strategic Policy and Coordination with a Production Relocation Externality
w19315 Mette Foged
Giovanni Peri

Immigrants' and Native Workers: New Analysis on Longitudinal Data
w19308 Jan De Loecker
Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg

Firm Performance in a Global Market
w19291 Qingyuan Du
Shang-Jin Wei
Peichu Xie

Roads and the Real Exchange Rate
w19285 Thomas Chaney
The Gravity Equation in International Trade: An Explanation
w19273 Thomas J. Holmes
Wen-Tai Hsu
Sanghoon Lee

Allocative Efficiency, Mark-ups, and the Welfare Gains from Trade
w19272 Brian C. Cadena
Brian K. Kovak

Immigrants Equilibrate Local Labor Markets: Evidence from the Great Recession
w19256 Robert W. Staiger
Alan O. Sykes

How Important can the Non-Violation Clause be for the GATT/WTO?
w19255 Robert C. Feenstra
Robert Inklaar
Marcel Timmer

The Next Generation of the Penn World Table
w19240 Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas
Hélène Rey

External Adjustment, Global Imbalances and Valuation Effects
w19239 J. Bradford Jensen
Dennis P. Quinn
Stephen Weymouth

Global Supply Chains, Currency Undervaluation, and Firm Protectionist Demands
w19236 Alfonso Irarrazabal
Andreas Moxnes
Luca David Opromolla

The Tip of the Iceberg: A Quantitative Framework for Estimating Trade Costs
w19226 David H. Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson
Jae Song

Trade Adjustment: Worker Level Evidence
w19213 Dave Donaldson
Richard Hornbeck

Railroads and American Economic Growth: A "Market Access" Approach
w19181 Treb Allen
Costas Arkolakis

Trade and the Topography of the Spatial Economy
w19170 Thomas Chaney
Liquidity Constrained Exporters
w19166 Stephen Ross Yeaple
Scale, Scope, and the International Expansion Strategies of Multiproduct Firms
w19122 Enrico Spolaore
What is European Integration Really About? A Political Guide for Economists
w19093 Franziska Bremus
Claudia Buch
Katheryn Russ
Monika Schnitzer

Big Banks and Macroeconomic Outcomes: Theory and Cross-Country Evidence of Granularity
w19057 Elhanan Helpman
Foreign Trade and Investment: Firm-Level Perspectives
w19052 Diego A. Comin
Martí Mestieri

Technology Diffusion: Measurement, Causes and Consequences
w19033 Alvaro Garcia Marin
Nico Voigtländer

Exporting and Plant-Level Efficiency Gains: It's in the Measure
w19019 Svetlana Ledyaeva
Päivi Karhunen
John Whalley

Offshore jurisdictions (including Cyprus), corruption money laundering and Russian round-trip investment
w19006 Manmohan Agarwal
John Whalley

China and India: Reforms and the Response: How Differently have the Economies Behaved
w18985 Linda S. Goldberg
Cédric Tille

A Bargaining Theory of Trade Invoicing and Pricing
w18972 Costas Arkolakis
Natalia Ramondo
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare
Stephen Yeaple

Innovation and Production in the Global Economy
w18962 Danielken Molina
Marc-Andreas Muendler

Preparing to Export
w18957 Richard Baldwin
Javier Lopez-Gonzalez

Supply-Chain Trade: A Portrait of Global Patterns and Several Testable Hypotheses
w18940 David H. Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson

The Geography of Trade and Technology Shocks in the United States
w18938 David H. Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson

Untangling Trade and Technology: Evidence from Local Labor Markets
w18919 Marc J. Melitz
Stephen J. Redding

New Trade Models, New Welfare Implications
w18896 Arnaud Costinot
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Trade Theory with Numbers: Quantifying the Consequences of Globalization
w18873 Philip Abbott
Biofuels, Binding Constraints and Agricultural Commodity Price Volatility
w18867 Man Lung Chan
Kalina Manova

Financial Development and the Choice of Trade Partners
w18851 Nathan Nunn
Daniel Trefler

Domestic Institutions as a Source of Comparative Advantage
w18829 Ariel Burstein
Gita Gopinath

International Prices and Exchange Rates
w18808 Wolfgang Keller
Carol H. Shiue

The Link Between Fundamentals and Proximate Factors in Development
w18811 Mario J. Crucini
Hakan Yilmazkuday

Understanding Long-run Price Dispersion
w18807 James E. Anderson
Mykyta Vesselovsky
Yoto V. Yotov

Gravity, Scale and Exchange Rates
w18788 Gene M. Grossman
Heterogeneous Workers and International Trade
w18775 Pol Antràs
Stephen R.Yeaple

Multinational Firms and the Structure of International Trade
w18753 Mario J. Crucini
J. Scott Davis

Distribution Capital and the Short- and Long-Run Import Demand Elasticity
w18733 James R. Barth
Gerard Caprio
Ross Levine

Bank Regulation and Supervision in 180 Countries from 1999 to 2011
w18715 Guy Michaels
Ferdinand Rauch
Stephen J. Redding

Task Specialization in U.S. Cities from 1880-2000
w18703 Nuno Limão
Giovanni Maggi

Uncertainty and Trade Agreements
w18694 Bruce Blonigen
Industrial Policy and Downstream Export Performance
w18683 Ann E. Harrison
Justin Yifu Lin
L. Colin Xu

Explaining Africa's (Dis)advantage
w18672 Martin Feldstein
Coordination in the European Union
w18655 Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

The Surprisingly Swift Decline of U.S. Manufacturing Employment
w18653 Jiandong Ju
Kang Shi
Shang-Jin Wei

Trade Reforms and Current Account Imbalances: When Does the General Equilibrium Effect Overturn a Partial Equilibrium Intuition?
w18652 Marc J. Melitz
Stephen J. Redding

Heterogeneous Firms and Trade
w18637 Kalina Manova
Zhiwei Zhang

Multi-Product Firms and Product Quality
w18632 Rudolfs Bems
Robert C. Johnson
Kei-Mu Yi

The Great Trade Collapse
w18615 Mary Amiti
Oleg Itskhoki
Jozef Konings

Importers, Exporters, and Exchange Rate Disconnect
w18604 Ilke Van Beveren
Andrew B. Bernard
Hylke Vandenbussche

Concording EU Trade and Production Data over Time
w18595 Daron Acemoglu
Gino Gancia
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Offshoring and Directed Technical Change
w18579 Robert Koopman
Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei

Tracing Value-added and Double Counting in Gross Exports
w18563 Alberto Cavallo
Brent Neiman
Roberto Rigobon

Currency Unions, Product Introductions, and the Real Exchange Rate
w18561 Kalina Manova
Zhihong Yu

How Firms Export: Processing vs. Ordinary Trade with Financial Frictions
w18546 Klaus Desmet
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

On the Spatial Economic Impact of Global Warming
w18534 Diego A. Comin
Mikhail Dmitriev
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The Spatial Diffusion of Technology
w18532 Natalia Ramondo
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare
Milagro Saborío-Rodríguez

Trade, Domestic Frictions, and Scale Effects
w18522 David Card
Jörg Heining
Patrick Kline

Workplace Heterogeneity and the Rise of West German Wage Inequality
w18508 Lorenzo Caliendo
Fernando Parro

Estimates of the Trade and Welfare Effects of NAFTA
w18503 Erhan Artuç
John McLaren

Trade Policy and Wage Inequality: A Structural Analysis with Occupational and Sectoral Mobility
w18498 Rudolfs Bems
Robert C. Johnson

Value-Added Exchange Rates
w18465 Kristin Forbes
The "Big C": Identifying Contagion
w18441 Daron Acemoglu
James A. Robinson
Thierry Verdier

Can't We All Be More Like Scandinavians? Asymmetric Growth and Institutions in an Interdependent World
w18415 Peter Egger
Christian Keuschnigg
Valeria Merlo
Georg Wamser

Corporate Taxes and Internal Borrowing within Multinational Firms
w18414 Bruce A. Blonigen
Lionel Fontagné
Nicholas Sly
Farid Toubal

Cherries for Sale: Export Networks and the Incidence of Cross-Border M&A
w18337 Fernando Broner
Paula Bustos
Vasco M. Carvalho

Sources of Comparative Advantage in Polluting Industries
w18322 Francesc Ortega
Giovanni Peri

The Effect of Income and Immigration Policies on International Migration
w18314 Robert C. Feenstra
John Romalis

International Prices and Endogenous Quality
w18312 Lauren Cohen
Umit G. Gurun
Christopher J. Malloy

Resident Networks and Firm Trade
w18307 John Kennan
Open Borders
w18288 Diego Puga
Daniel Trefler

International Trade and Institutional Change: Medieval Venice's Response to Globalization
w18274 Nicolas Berman
José De Sousa
Philippe Martin
Thierry Mayer

Time to Ship During Financial Crises
w18266 David Atkin
Endogenous Skill Acquisition and Export Manufacturing in Mexico
w18260 Ling Feng
Zhiyuan Li
Deborah L. Swenson

The Connection between Imported Intermediate Inputs and Exports: Evidence from Chinese Firms
w18259 Lorenzo Caliendo
Ferdinando Monte
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The Anatomy of French Production Hierarchies
w18246 Andrew B. Bernard
Emily J. Blanchard
Ilke Van Beveren
Hylke Y. Vandenbussche

Carry-Along Trade
w18243 Thomas Chaney
Ralph Ossa

Market Size, Division of Labor, and Firm Productivity
w18240 Robert C. Johnson
Trade in Intermediate Inputs and Business Cycle Comovement
w18214 Lee G. Branstetter
William A. Pizer

Facing the Climate Change Challenge in a Global Economy
w18207 Laura Alfaro
Maggie X. Chen

Selection and Market Reallocation: Productivity Gains from Multinational Production
w18191 George Alessandria
Joseph Kaboski
Virgiliu Midrigan

Trade Wedges, Inventories, and International Business Cycles
w18188 Donald R. Davis
Jonathan I. Dingel

A Spatial Knowledge Economy
w18186 Robert C. Johnson
Guillermo Noguera

Fragmentation and Trade in Value Added over Four Decades
w18163 Pol Antràs
Davin Chor

Organizing the Global Value Chain
w18132 Joseph A. Clougherty
Michal Grajek

International Standards and International Trade: Empirical Evidence from ISO 9000 Diffusion
w18131 Justin Caron
Thibault Fally
James R. Markusen

Skill Premium and Trade Puzzles: a Solution Linking Production and Preferences
w18122 Fernando Borraz
Alberto Cavallo
Roberto Rigobon
Leandro Zipitría

Distance and Political Boundaries: Estimating Border Effects under Inequality Constraints.
w18113 Ralph Ossa
Why Trade Matters After All
w18107 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Trade Credit and Taxes
w18106 Chinhui Juhn
Gergely Ujhelyi
Carolina Villegas-Sanchez

Men, Women, and Machines: How Trade Impacts Gender Inequality
w18083 Richard Baldwin
Toshihiro Okubo

Networked FDI: Sales and Sourcing Patterns of Japanese Foreign Affiliates
w18062 Andrew K. Rose
Protectionism Isn't Counter-Cyclic (anymore)
w18061 Andrei A. Levchenko
Jing Zhang

Comparative Advantage and the Welfare Impact of European Integration
w18057 Tarek Alexander Hassan
Country Size, Currency Unions, and International Asset Returns
w18041 Chris Edmond
Virgiliu Midrigan
Daniel Yi Xu

Competition, Markups, and the Gains from International Trade
w18034 Eric W. Bond
Mario J. Crucini
Tristan Potter
Joel Rodrigue

Misallocation and Productivity Effects of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff
w18032 Bruce A. Blonigen
Jeremy Piger
Nicholas Sly

Comovement in GDP Trends and Cycles Among Trading Partners
w18018 Liran Einav
Dan Knoepfle
Jonathan D. Levin
Neel Sundaresan

Sales Taxes and Internet Commerce
w18008 Stephen J. Redding
Goods Trade, Factor Mobility and Welfare
w17991 Elhanan Helpman
Oleg Itskhoki
Marc-Andreas Muendler
Stephen J. Redding

Trade and Inequality: From Theory to Estimation
w17978 Mario J. Crucini
Christopher I. Telmer

Microeconomic Sources of Real Exchange Rate Variability
w17976 Arnaud Costinot
Jonathan Vogel
Su Wang

Global Supply Chains and Wage Inequality
w17971 Susanto Basu
Luigi Pascali
Fabio Schiantarelli
Luis Serven

Productivity and the Welfare of Nations
w17969 Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson

Ricardo's Theory of Comparative Advantage: Old Idea, New Evidence
w17963 Chen Bo
David S. Jacks

Trade, Variety, and Immigration
w17961 Gordon H. Hanson
The Rise of Middle Kingdoms: Emerging Economies in Global Trade
w17925 Jan De Loecker
Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Amit K. Khandelwal
Nina Pavcnik

Prices, Markups and Trade Reform
w17919 Chunding Li
John Whalley

Indirect Tax Initiatives and Global Rebalancing
w17916 Robert C. Feenstra
J. Bradford Jensen

Evaluating Estimates of Materials Offshoring from U.S. Manufacturing
w17913 Ruud de Mooij
Michael Keen

'Fiscal Devaluation' and Fiscal Consolidation: The VAT in Troubled Times
w17894 Joshua Aizenman
Kenta Inoue

Central Banks and Gold Puzzles
w17877 Maurice Obstfeld
Does the Current Account Still Matter?
w17864 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel S. Kortum
Sebastian Sotelo

International Trade: Linking Micro and Macro
w17840 Pravin Krishna
Preferential Trade Agreements and the World Trade System: A Multilateralist View
w17835 James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

Gold Standard Gravity
w17826 Chunding Li
John Whalley

China's Potential Future Growth and Gains from Trade Policy Bargaining: Some Numerical Simulation Results
w17819 Pol Antràs
Davin Chor
Thibault Fally
Russell Hillberry

Measuring the Upstreamness of Production and Trade Flows
w17812 Mario J. Crucini
Anthony Landry

Accounting for Real Exchange Rates Using Micro-data
w17810 Levent Celik
Bilgehan Karabay
John McLaren

When is it Optimal to Delegate: The Theory of Fast-track Authority
w17806 Joshua Aizenman
Hiro Ito

Trilemma Policy Convergence Patterns and Output Volatility
w17794 Nathan Nunn
Nancy Qian

Aiding Conflict: The Impact of U.S. Food Aid on Civil War
w17790 Kyle Handley
Nuno Limão

Trade and Investment under Policy Uncertainty: Theory and Firm Evidence
w17767 Ariel Burstein
Javier Cravino

Measured Aggregate Gains from International Trade
w17770 Jason M. DeBacker
Bradley T. Heim
Anh Tran

Importing Corruption Culture from Overseas: Evidence from Corporate Tax Evasion in the United States
w17763 Juan Carlos Gozzi
Ross Levine
Maria Soledad Martinez Peria
Sergio L. Schmukler

How Firms Use Domestic and International Corporate Bond Markets
w17758 David Hummels
Georg Schaur

Time as a Trade Barrier
w17754 Wolfgang Keller
Ben Li
Carol H. Shiue

Shanghai's Trade, China's Growth: Continuity, Recovery, and Change since the Opium War
w17749 Douglas A. Irwin
The Nixon Shock after Forty Years: The Import Surcharge Revisited
w17729 Robert C. Feenstra
Hong Ma
J. Peter Neary
D.S. Prasada Rao

Who Shrunk China? Puzzles in the Measurement of Real GDP
w17728 Robert C. Feenstra
Chang Hong
Hong Ma
Barbara J. Spencer

Contractual Versus Non-Contractual Trade: The Role of Institutions in China
w17725 Mark J. Roberts
Daniel Yi Xu
Xiaoyan Fan
Shengxing Zhang

The Role of Firm Factors in Demand, Cost, and Export Market Selection for Chinese Footwear Producers
w17716 Richard Baldwin
Trade And Industrialisation After Globalisation's 2nd Unbundling: How Building And Joining A Supply Chain Are Different And Why It Matters
w17712 Matthieu Bussière
Giovanni Callegari
Fabio Ghironi
Giulia Sestieri
Norihiko Yamano

Estimating Trade Elasticities: Demand Composition and the Trade Collapse of 2008-09
w17711 Andrew B. Bernard
Marco Grazzi
Chiara Tomasi

Intermediaries in International Trade: Direct versus indirect modes of export
w17706 James Harrigan
Xiangjun Ma
Victor Shlychkov

Export Prices of U.S. Firms
w17705 Joseph E. Aldy
William A. Pizer

The Competitiveness Impacts of Climate Change Mitigation Policies
w17693 Sean Dougherty
Verónica C. Frisancho Robles
Kala Krishna

Employment Protection Legislation and Plant-Level Productivity in India
w17692 Joshua Aizenman
Sebastian Edwards
Daniel Riera-Crichton

Adjustment patterns to commodity terms of trade shocks: the role of exchange rate and international reserves policies
w17683 Antonio Ciccone
Giovanni Peri

Schooling Supply and the Structure of Production: Evidence from US States 1950-1990
w17681 Jing Wang
Dana Medianu
John Whalley

The Contribution of China, India and Brazil to Narrowing North-South Differences in GDP/capita, World Trade Shares, and Market Capitalization
w17680 Arnaud Costinot
Guido Lorenzoni
Iván Werning

A Theory of Capital Controls as Dynamic Terms-of-Trade Manipulation
w17675 Andrei A. Levchenko
International Trade and Institutional Change
w17662 Emmanuel Farhi
Gita Gopinath
Oleg Itskhoki

Fiscal Devaluations
w17650 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Can the Doha Round be a Development Round? Setting a Place at the Table
w17645 John Whalley
Manmohan Agarwal
Jing Wang
Sean Walsh
Chen Yan

Linking External Sector Imbalances and Changing Financial Instability before the 2008 Financial Crisis
w17644 Anna Gumpert
James R. Hines
Monika Schnitzer

The Use of Tax Havens in Exemption Regimes
w17631 Hui Tong
Shang-Jin Wei

Does Trade Globalization Induce or Inhibit Corporate Transparency? Unbundling the Growth Potential and Product Market Competition Channels
w17630 James E. Anderson
Catherine A. Milot
Yoto V. Yotov

The Incidence of Geography on Canada's Services Trade
w17627 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

The Empirics of Firm Heterogeneity and International Trade
w17604 James Harrigan
Ariell Reshef

Skill Biased Heterogeneous Firms, Trade Liberalization, and the Skill Premium
w17603 Nuno Limao
Kamal Saggi

Size Inequality, Coordination Externalities and International Trade Agreements
w17598 Douglas A. Irwin
Kevin H. O'Rourke

Coping with Shocks and Shifts: The Multilateral Trading System in Historical Perspective
w17594 Gita Gopinath
Oleg Itskhoki
Brent Neiman

Trade Prices and the Global Trade Collapse of 2008-2009
w17565 Risheng Mao
John Whalley

Ownership Characteristics, Real Exchange Rate Movements and Labor Market Adjustment in China
w17559 Runjuan Liu
Daniel Trefler

A Sorted Tale of Globalization: White Collar Jobs and the Rise of Service Offshoring
w17553 Costas Arkolakis
A Unified Theory of Firm Selection and Growth
w17550 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

A Linder Hypothesis for Foreign Direct Investment
w17549 Jiandong Ju
Kang Shi
Shang-Jin Wei

On the Connections between Intertemporal and Intra-temporal Trades
w17546 Dani Rodrik
Unconditional Convergence
w17544 Aaron Weisbrod
John Whalley

The Contribution of Chinese FDI to Africa's Pre Crisis Growth Surge
w17532 Jing Cai
Ann Harrison

The Value-Added Tax Reform Puzzle
w17530 Joshua Aizenman
Brian Pinto
Vladyslav Sushko

Financial Sector Ups and Downs and the Real Sector: Up by the stairs, down by the parachute
w17524 Amit K. Khandelwal
Peter K. Schott
Shang-Jin Wei

Trade Liberalization and Embedded Institutional Reform: Evidence from Chinese Exporters
w17521 Svetlana Demidova
Andrés Rodríguez-Clarez

The Simple Analytics of the Melitz Model in a Small Open Economy
w17502 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak
Donghyun Park

Capital Flows and Economic Growth in the Era of Financial Integration and Crisis, 1990-2010
w17496 David Hummels
Rasmus Jørgensen
Jakob R. Munch
Chong Xiang

The Wage Effects of Offshoring: Evidence from Danish Matched Worker-Firm Data
w17480 Bruce A. Blonigen
Lindsay Oldenski
Nicholas Sly

Separating the Opposing Effects of Bilateral Tax Treaties
w17470 Pol Antràs
Grossman-Hart (1986) Goes Global: Incomplete Contracts, Property Rights, and the International Organization of Production
w17468 Efraim Benmelech
Eyal Dvir

Does Short-Term Debt Increase Vulnerability to Crisis? Evidence from the East Asian Financial Crisis
w17461 George J. Borjas
Jeffrey Grogger
Gordon H. Hanson

Substitution Between Immigrants, Natives, and Skill Groups
w17460 Ariel Burstein
Javier Cravino
Jonathan Vogel

Importing Skill-Biased Technology
w17427 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

The Fiscal Stimulus of 2009-10: Trade Openness, Fiscal Space and Exchange Rate Adjustment
w17415 Christoph Moser
Andrew K. Rose

Who Benefits from Regional Trade Agreements? The View from the Stock Market
w17407 Joshua Aizenman
Michael M. Hutchison
Yothin Jinjarak

What is the Risk of European Sovereign Debt Defaults? Fiscal Space, CDS Spreads and Market Pricing of Risk
w17400 Dani Rodrik
The Future of Economic Convergence
w17366 Yan Dong
John Whalley

Gains and Losses from Potential Bilateral US-China Trade Retaliation
w17365 Hejing Chen
John Whalley

The WTO Government Procurement Agreement and Its Impacts on Trade
w17351 Kristin J. Forbes
Francis E. Warnock

Capital Flow Waves: Surges, Stops, Flight, and Retrenchment
w17347 Ralph Ossa
Trade Wars and Trade Talks with Data
w17336 C. Fritz Foley
William R. Kerr

Ethnic Innovation and U.S. Multinational Firm Activity
w17335 Julian di Giovanni
Andrei A. Levchenko

Country Size, International Trade, and Aggregate Fluctuations in Granular Economies
w17308 Lorenzo Caliendo
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The Impact of Trade on Organization and Productivity
w17282 Bruce Blonigen
Cheyney O'Fallon

Foreign Firms and Local Communities
w17262 Levent Celik
Bilgehan Karabay
John McLaren

Trade Policy Making in a Model of Legislative Bargaining
w17258 Joshua Aizenman
Vladyslav Sushko

Capital flows: Catalyst or Hindrance to economic takeoffs?
w17257 Pravin Krishna
Guru Sethupathy

Trade and Inequality in India
w17256 Pravin Krishna
Jennifer P. Poole
Mine Zeynep Senses

Wage Effects of Trade Reform with Endogenous Worker Mobility
w17245 Avraham Ebenstein
Jian Zhang
Margaret S. McMillan
Kevin Chen

Chemical Fertilizer and Migration in China
w17228 Joshua Aizenman
Vladyslav Sushko

Capital Flow Types, External Financing Needs, and Industrial Growth: 99 countries, 1991-2007
w17217 Aparna Sawhney
Matthew E. Kahn

Understanding Cross-National Trends in High-Tech Renewable Power Equipment Exports to the United States
w17204 Leonardo Iacovone
Beata Smarzynska Javorcik
Wolfgang Keller
James R. Tybout

Supplier Responses to Wal-Mart's Invasion of Mexico
w17202 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Tax Policy and the Efficiency of U.S. Direct Investment Abroad
w17186 Konrad B. Burchardi
Tarek Alexander Hassan

The Economic Impact of Social Ties: Evidence from German Reunification
w17143 Margaret S. McMillan
Dani Rodrik

Globalization, Structural Change and Productivity Growth
w17141 Laura Alfaro
Maggie Chen

Surviving the Global Financial Crisis: Foreign Ownership and Establishment Performance
w17117 Anca D. Cristea
David Hummels
Laura Puzzello
Misak G. Avetisyan

Trade and the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from International Freight Transport
w17100 Nune Hovhannisyan
Wolfgang Keller

International Business Travel: An Engine of Innovation?
w17091 Pol Antràs
C. Fritz Foley

Poultry in Motion: A Study of International Trade Finance Practices
w17074 Sebastian Edwards
Exchange Rates in Emerging Countries: Eleven Empirical Regularities from Latin America and East Asia
w17067 Jessie Handbury
David E. Weinstein

Goods Prices and Availability in Cities
w17003 James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

Terms of Trade and Global Efficiency Effects of Free Trade Agreements, 1990-2002
w16975 Daniel Paravisini
Veronica Rappoport
Philipp Schnabl
Daniel Wolfenzon

Dissecting the Effect of Credit Supply on Trade: Evidence from Matched Credit-Export Data
w16964 Gordon H. Hanson
Chong Xiang

Exporting Christianity: Governance and Doctrine in the Globalization of US Denominations
w16960 Ariel Burstein
Marc J. Melitz

Trade Liberalization and Firm Dynamics
w16959 Thierry Mayer
Marc J. Melitz
Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano

Market Size, Competition, and the Product Mix of Exporters
w16958 Gita Gopinath
Brent Neiman

Trade Adjustment and Productivity in Large Crises
w16947 Alejandro Artopoulos
Daniel Friel
Juan Carlos Hallak

Lifting the Domestic Veil: The Challenges of Exporting Differentiated Goods Across the Development Divide
w16940 Robert C. Feenstra
Zhiyuan Li
Miaojie Yu

Exports and Credit Constraints Under Incomplete Information: Theory and Evidence from China
w16936 Arnaud Costinot
Jonathan Vogel
Su Wang

An Elementary Theory of Global Supply Chains
w16912 J. William Ambrosini
Karin Mayr
Giovanni Peri
Dragos Radu

The Selection of Migrants and Returnees: Evidence from Romania and Implications
w16905 Kalina Manova
Shang-Jin Wei
Zhiwei Zhang

Firm Exports and Multinational Activity Under Credit Constraints
w16904 Ariel Burstein
Jonathan Vogel

Factor Prices and International Trade: A Unifying Perspective
w16837 Bih Jane Liu
Why World Exports are so Susceptible to the Economic Crisis --The Prevailing "Export Overshooting" Phenomenon
w16834 John Sutton
Daniel Trefler

Deductions from the Export Basket: Capabilities, Wealth and Trade
w16806 Andrei A. Levchenko
Jing Zhang

The Evolution of Comparative Advantage: Measurement and Welfare Implications
w16796 Ina Simonovska
Michael E. Waugh

The Elasticity of Trade: Estimates and Evidence
w16778 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Ralph Ossa

A Global View of Productivity Growth in China
w16767 Luosha Du
Ann Harrison
Gary Jefferson

FDI Spillovers and Industrial Policy: The Role of Tariffs and Tax Holidays
w16753 Thomas Chaney
The Network Structure of International Trade
w16733 Ann E. Harrison
Leslie A. Martin
Shanthi Nataraj

Learning Versus Stealing: How Important are Market-Share Reallocations to India's Productivity Growth?
w16717 Nicholas Bloom
Mirko Draca
John Van Reenen

Trade Induced Technical Change? The Impact of Chinese Imports on Innovation, IT and Productivity
w16704 Bruce A. Blonigen
Jeremy Piger

Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment
w16686 Chunding Li
John Whalley

Rebalancing and the Chinese VAT: Some Numerical Simulation Results
w16672 Richard Baldwin
Daria Taglioni

Gravity Chains: Estimating Bilateral Trade Flows When Parts And Components Trade Is Important
w16666 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum
Brent Neiman
John Romalis

Trade and the Global Recession
w16662 Elhanan Helpman
Oleg Itskhoki
Stephen Redding

Trade and Labor Market Outcomes
w16661 Murray Leibbrandt
James Levinsohn

Fifteen Years On: Household Incomes in South Africa
w16660 Richard Baldwin
Toshihiro Okubo

International Trade, Offshoring and Heterogeneous Firms
w16646 Frédéric Docquier
Çaǧlar Özden
Giovanni Peri

The Wage Effects of Immigration and Emigration
w16641 Costas Arkolakis
Sharat Ganapati
Marc-Andreas Muendler

The Extensive Margin of Exporting Products: A Firm-level Analysis
w16623 Lawrence Edwards
Robert Z. Lawrence

AGOA Rules: The Intended and Unintended Consequences of Special Fabric Provisions
w16611 Richard Baldwin
Anthony Venables

Spiders and snakes: offshoring and agglomeration in the global economy
w16605 Joshua Aizenman
Gurnain Kaur Pasricha

Determinants of Financial Stress and Recovery during the Great Recession
w16600 Richard Baldwin
Unilateral Tariff Liberalisation
w16587 Beatriz de Blas
Katheryn Russ

Understanding Markups in the Open Economy under Bertrand Competition
w16580 Timothy J. Kehoe
Kim J. Ruhl

Why Have Economic Reforms in Mexico Not Generated Growth?
w16576 James E. Anderson
The Gravity Model
w16573 Maria Guadalupe
Olga Kuzmina
Catherine Thomas

Innovation and Foreign Ownership
w16562 Stephen J. Redding
Theories of Heterogeneous Firms and Trade
w16557 Ivan Cherkashin
Svetlana Demidova
Hiau Looi Kee
Kala Krishna

Firm Heterogeneity and Costly Trade: A New Estimation Strategy and Policy Experiments
w16550 Wolfgang Keller
Ben Li
Carol H. Shiue

China's Foreign Trade: Perspectives From the Past 150 Years
w16548 Jan De Loecker
A Note on Detecting Learning by Exporting
w16539 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

De facto Fiscal Space and Fiscal Stimulus: Definition and Assessment
w16535 John McLaren
Shushanik Hakobyan

Looking for Local Labor Market Effects of NAFTA
w16528 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Herman Kamil
Carolina Villegas-Sanchez

What Hinders Investment in the Aftermath of Financial Crises: Insolvent Firms or Illiquid Banks?
w16487 Dave Donaldson
Railroads of the Raj: Estimating the Impact of Transportation Infrastructure
w16473 Lee G. Branstetter
Francisco Lima
Lowell J. Taylor
Ana Venâncio

Do Entry Regulations Deter Entrepreneurship and Job Creation? Evidence from Recent Reforms in Portugal
w16472 Gordon H. Hanson
International Migration and Human Rights
w16471 Gordon H. Hanson
Craig McIntosh

Birth Rates and Border Crossings: Latin American Migration to the US, Canada, Spain, and the UK
w16470 Gordon H. Hanson
Why Isn't Mexico Rich?
w16459 Ariel Burstein
Jonathan Vogel

Globalization, Technology, and the Skill Premium: A Quantitative Analysis
w16447 Joshua Aizenman
Jaewoo Lee
Vladyslav Sushko

From the Great Moderation to the global crisis: Exchange market pressure in the 2000s
w16446 Chunding Li
John Whalley

Chinese Firm and Industry Reactions to Antidumping Initiations and Measures
w16439 Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano
Giovanni Peri
Greg C. Wright

Immigration, Offshoring and American Jobs
w16426 Robert Koopman
William Powers
Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei

Give Credit Where Credit Is Due: Tracing Value Added in Global Production Chains
w16425 Ann Harrison
John McLaren
Margaret S. McMillan

Recent Findings on Trade and Inequality
w16392 Joshua Aizenman
Reuven Glick

Asset Class Diversification and Delegation of Responsibilities between Central Banks and Sovereign Wealth Funds
w16391 Bruce Blonigen
Benjamin H. Liebman
Justin R. Pierce
Wesley W. Wilson

Are All Trade Protection Policies Created Equal? Empirical Evidence for Nonequivalent Market Power Effects of Tariffs and Quotas
w16388 Ralph Ossa
A 'New Trade' Theory of GATT/WTO Negotiations
w16379 Diego A. Comin
Martí Mestieri

An Intensive Exploration of Technology Diffusion
w16378 Diego A. Comin
Bart Hobijn

Technology Diffusion and Postwar Growth
w16332 Giovanni Peri
Chad Sparber

Assessing Inherent Model Bias: An Application to Native Displacement in Response to Immigration
w16326 A. Kerem Coşar
Nezih Guner
James Tybout

Firm Dynamics, Job Turnover, and Wage Distributions in an Open Economy
w16322 Pravin Krishna
Devashish Mitra
Asha Sundaram

Trade, Poverty and the Lagging Regions of South Asia
w16260 Joshua Aizenman
Michael M. Hutchison

Exchange Market Pressure and Absorption by International Reserves: Emerging Markets and Fear of Reserve Loss During the 2008-09 Crisis
w16314 Hoyt Bleakley
Jeffrey Lin

Portage: Path Dependence and Increasing Returns in U.S. History
w16313 Julian di Giovanni
Andrei A. Levchenko

Firm Entry, Trade, and Welfare in Zipf's World
w16301 James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

Specialization: Pro- and Anti-globalizing, 1990-2002
w16288 Keith Head
Ran Jing
Deborah L. Swenson

From Beijing to Bentonville: Do Multinational Retailers Link Markets?
w16283 Brent Neiman
A State-Dependent Model of Intermediate Goods Pricing
w16276 Thomas J. Prusa
Robert Teh

Protection Reduction and Diversion: PTAs and the Incidence of Antidumping Disputes
w16273 Chunding Li
John Whalley
Yan Chen

Foreign Affiliate Sales and Trade in Both Goods and Services
w16262 Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson
Ivana Komunjer

What Goods Do Countries Trade? A Quantitative Exploration of Ricardo's Ideas
w16254 Robert C. Feenstra
Robert E. Lipsey
Lee G. Branstetter
C. Fritz Foley
James Harrigan
J. Bradford Jensen
Lori Kletzer
Catherine Mann
Peter K. Schott
Greg C. Wright

Report on the State of Available Data for the Study of International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment
w16253 Mona Haddad
Ann Harrison
Catherine Hausman

Decomposing the Great Trade Collapse: Products, Prices, and Quantities in the 2008-2009 Crisis
w16233 Ina Simonovska
Income Differences and Prices of Tradables: Insights from an Online Retailer
w16217 Giovanni Peri
Rethinking the Area Approach: Immigrants and the Labor Market in California, 1960-2005.
w16195 Ernesto Aguayo-Tellez
Jim Airola
Chinhui Juhn

Did Trade Liberalization Help Women? The Case of Mexico in the 1990s
w16174 Davin Chor
Kalina Manova

Off the Cliff and Back? Credit Conditions and International Trade during the Global Financial Crisis
w16156 Ashish Arora
Lee G. Branstetter
Matej Drev

Going Soft: How the Rise of Software Based Innovation Led to the Decline of Japan's IT Industry and the Resurgence of Silicon Valley
w16152 Luke N. Condra
Joseph H. Felter
Radha K. Iyengar
Jacob N. Shapiro

The Effect of Civilian Casualties in Afghanistan and Iraq
w16142 Jing Wang
John Whalley

The Trade Performance of Asian Economies During and Following the 2008 Financial Crisis
w16138 Guy Michaels
Ashwini Natraj
John Van Reenen

Has ICT Polarized Skill Demand? Evidence from Eleven Countries over 25 years
w16118 Laura Alfaro
Paola Conconi
Harald Fadinger
Andrew F. Newman

Do Prices Determine Vertical Integration?
w16106 Lawrence Edwards
Robert Z. Lawrence

US Trade and Wages: The Misleading Implications of Conventional Trade Theory
w16105 Lawrence Edwards
Robert Z. Lawrence

Do Developed and Developing Countries Compete Head to Head in High-tech?
w16090 Huifang Tian
John Whalley

The Potential Global and Developing Country Impacts of Alternative Emission Cuts and Accompanying Mechanisms for the Post Copenhagen Process
w16084 Richard Baldwin
Dany Jaimovich

Are Free Trade Agreements Contagious?
w16059 George Alessandria
Joseph P. Kaboski
Virgiliu Midrigan

The Great Trade Collapse of 2008-09: An Inventory Adjustment?
w16046 Thomas J. Holmes
John J. Stevens

Exports, Borders, Distance, and Plant Size
w16034 Ṣebnem Kalemli-Özcan
Alex Nikolsko-Rzhevskyy
Jun Hee Kwak

Does Trade Cause Capital to Flow? Evidence from Historical Rainfall
w16029 Beatriz de Blas
Katheryn Niles Russ

All Banks Great, Small, and Global: Loan pricing and foreign competition
w16006 Andrei A. Levchenko
Logan T. Lewis
Linda L. Tesar

The Collapse of International Trade During the 2008-2009 Crisis: In Search of the Smoking Gun
w16005 Julian di Giovanni
Andrei A. Levchenko

The Risk Content of Exports: A Portfolio View of International Trade
w15996 Irene Brambilla
Rafael Dix Carneiro
Daniel Lederman
Guido Porto

Skills, Exports, and the Wages of Seven Million Latin American Workers
w15995 Irene Brambilla
Daniel Lederman
Guido Porto

Exports, Export Destinations, and Skills
w15985 Michael W. Klein
Christoph Moser
Dieter M. Urban

The Contribution of Trade to Wage Inequality: The Role of Skill, Gender, and Nationality
w15981 Daniel Berger
William Easterly
Nathan Nunn
Shanker Satyanath

Commercial Imperialism? Political Influence and Trade During the Cold War
w15976 Sanghamitra Das
Kala Krishna
Sergey Lychagin
Rohini Somanathan

Back on the Rails: Competition and Productivity in State-owned Industry
w15964 Fernando Ferreira
Joel Waldfogel

Pop Internationalism: Has A Half Century of World Music Trade Displaced Local Culture?
w15957 Thomas J. Holmes
John J. Stevens

An Alternative Theory of the Plant Size Distribution with an Application to Trade
w15958 Daron Acemoglu
Gino Gancia
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Competing Engines of Growth: Innovation and Standardization
w15936 Robert E. Lipsey
Fredrik Sjöholm
Jing Sun

Foreign Ownership and Employment Growth in Indonesian Manufacturing
w15926 James R. Markusen
Expansion of Trade at the Extensive Margin: A General Gains-from-Trade Result and Illustrative Examples
w15903 James R. Markusen
Putting Per-Capita Income Back into Trade Theory
w15900 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Bent Sørensen
Vadym Volosovych

Deep Financial Integration and Volatility
w15882 Richard Baldwin
Frédéric Robert-Nicoud

Trade-in-goods and trade-in-tasks: An Integrating Framework
w15881 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

Intra-firm Trade and Product Contractibility (Long Version)
w15804 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak
Donghyun Park

International reserves and swap lines: substitutes or complements?
w15792 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Monika Schnitzer

Financial constraints and innovation: Why poor countries don't catch up
w15786 Liran Einav
Jonathan D. Levin

Empirical Industrial Organization: A Progress Report
w15784 Joshua Aizenman
Gurnain Kaur Pasricha

On the ease of overstating the fiscal stimulus in the US, 2008-9
w15764 Elhanan Helpman
Labor Market Frictions as a Source of Comparative Advantage, with Implications for Unemployment and Inequality
w15759 David Laibson
Johanna Mollerstrom

Capital Flows, Consumption Booms and Asset Bubbles: A Behavioural Alternative to the Savings Glut Hypothesis
w15751 Pol Antràs
Arnaud Costinot

Intermediation and Economic Integration
w15750 Pol Antràs
Arnaud Costinot

Intermediated Trade
w15749 Robert C. Feenstra
David E. Weinstein

Globalization, Markups and U.S. Welfare
w15711 Benjamin F. Jones
Benjamin A. Olken

Climate Shocks and Exports
w15706 JaeBin Ahn
Amit K. Khandelwal
Shang-Jin Wei

The Role of Intermediaries in Facilitating Trade
w15700 Xiaobo Lü
Kenneth F. Scheve
Matthew J. Slaughter

Envy, Altruism, and the International Distribution of Trade Protection
w15679 Kris James Mitchener
Se Yan

Globalization, Trade & Wages: What Does History tell us about China?
w15660 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

Wholesalers and Retailers in U.S. Trade (Long Version)
w15628 Costas Arkolakis
Arnaud Costinot
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

New Trade Models, Same Old Gains?
w15625 Giovanni Peri
Francisco Requena

The Trade Creation Effect of Immigrants: Evidence from the Remarkable Case of Spain
w15613 Yan Dong
John Whalley

How Large are the Impacts of Carbon Motivated Border Tax Adjustments
w15604 Natalia Ramondo
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Trade, Multinational Production, and the Gains from Openness
w15593 Robert C. Feenstra
Measuring the Gains from Trade under Monopolistic Competition
w15592 Robert C. Feenstra
Benjamin R. Mandel
Marshall B. Reinsdorf
Matthew J. Slaughter

Effects of Terms of Trade Gains and Tariff Changes on the Measurement of U.S. Productivity Growth
w15576 Laura Alfaro
Maggie Chen

The Global Agglomeration of Multinational Firms
w15562 Joshua Aizenman
Nancy Marion

Using Inflation to Erode the U.S. Public Debt
w15557 James Feyrer
Distance, Trade, and Income - The 1967 to 1975 Closing of the Suez Canal as a Natural Experiment
w15556 Mary Amiti
David E. Weinstein

Exports and Financial Shocks
w15548 Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

A Concordance Between Ten-Digit U.S. Harmonized System Codes and SIC/NAICS Product Classes and Industries
w15541 Robert W. Staiger
Alan O. Sykes

International Trade and Domestic Regulation
w15530 James R. Markusen
Frank Stähler

Endogenous Market Structure and Foreign Market Entry
w15528 Katheryn N. Russ
Diego Valderrama

Financial Choice in a Non-Ricardian Model of Trade
w15509 Wolfgang Keller
Stephen R. Yeaple

The Gravity of Knowledge
w15507 Giovanni Peri
The Effect of Immigration on Productivity: Evidence from US States
w15503 Mary Amiti
Amit K. Khandelwal

Import Competition and Quality Upgrading
w15492 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

The Economics of Trade Agreements in the Linear Cournot Delocation Model
w15486 Carol McAusland
Peter J. Kuhn

Bidding for Brains: Intellectual Property Rights and the International Migration of Knowledge Workers
w15484 Joshua Aizenman
Hoarding International Reserves Versus a Pigovian Tax-Cum-Subsidy Scheme: Reflections on the Deleveraging Crisis of 2008-9, and a Cost Benefit Analysis
w15475 Alan M. Taylor
The Global 1970s and the Echo of the Great Depression
w15470 Linda S. Goldberg
Cédric Tille

Micro, Macro, and Strategic Forces in International Trade Invoicing
w15468 Margaret Kyle
Anita McGahan

Investments in Pharmaceuticals Before and After TRIPS
w15460 Giovanni Maggi
Robert W. Staiger

Breach, Remedies and Dispute Settlement in Trade Agreements
w15454 Katheryn N. Russ
Diego Valderrama

A Theory of Banks, Bonds, and the Distribution of Firm Size
w15448 Laura Alfaro
Anusha Chari

India Transformed? Insights from the Firm Level 1988-2005
w15445 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

The WTO: Theory and Practice
w15444 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Delocation and Trade Agreements in Imperfectly Competitive Markets
w15442 Wolfgang Keller
International Trade, Foreign Direct Investment, and Technology Spillovers
w15428 Diego A. Comin
Norman Loayza
Farooq Pasha
Luis Serven

Medium Term Business Cycles in Developing Countries
w15418 Jean Imbs
Haroon Mumtaz
Morten O. Ravn
Hélène Rey

One TV, One Price?
w15397 Robert E. Baldwin
U.S. Trade Policy Since 1934: An Uneven Path Toward Greater Trade Liberalization
w15393 Lee Branstetter
Kamal Saggi

Intellectual Property Rights, Foreign Direct Investment, and Industrial Development
w15308 Joshua Aizenman
Yi Sun

The financial crisis and sizable international reserves depletion: From 'fear of floating' to the 'fear of losing international reserves'?
w15363 Yan Dong
John Whalley

Model Structure and the Combined Welfare and Trade Effects of China's Trade Related Policies
w15349 Klaus Desmet
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Spatial Development
w15342 Kalina Manova
Zhiwei Zhang

Export Prices Across Firms and Destinations
w15329 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Income Distribution, Product Quality, and International Trade
w15319 Diego A. Comin
Bart Hobijn

The CHAT Dataset
w15287 Alan S. Blinder
Alan B. Krueger

Alternative Measures of Offshorability: A Survey Approach
w15274 Joshua Aizenman
Nan Geng

Adjustment of State Owned and Foreign-Funded Enterprises in China to Economic Reforms,1980s-2007: a logistic smooth transition regression (LSTR) approach
w15261 Ann Harrison
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Trade, Foreign Investment, and Industrial Policy for Developing Countries
w15249 Kalina Manova
Zhiwei Zhang

China's Exporters and Importers: Firms, Products and Trade Partners
w15204 Anusha Chari
Peter Blair Henry
Diego Sasson

Capital Market Integration and Wages
w15196 Hartmut Egger
Peter Egger
James R. Markusen

International Welfare and Employment Linkages Arising from Minimum Wages
w15190 Sebastian Edwards
FORTY YEARS OF LATIN AMERICA'S ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: From the Alliance for Progress to the Washington Consensus
w15178 Amit Khandelwal
The Long and Short (of) Quality Ladders
w15171 Sebastian Edwards
Latin America's Decline: A Long Historical View
w15154 David L. Hummels
Georg Schaur

Hedging Price Volatility Using Fast Transport
w15144 Douglas A. Irwin
Revenue or Reciprocity? Founding Feuds over Early U.S. Trade Policy
w15142 Barry Eichengreen
Douglas A. Irwin

The Slide to Protectionism in the Great Depression: Who Succumbed and Why?
w15109 Richard Baldwin
Toshihiro Okubo

Tax reform, delocation and heterogeneous firms
w15107 Avraham Ebenstein
Ann Harrison
Margaret McMillan
Shannon Phillips

Estimating the Impact of Trade and Offshoring on American Workers Using the Current Population Surveys
w15097 Matilde Bombardini
Giovanni Gallipoli
Germán Pupato

Skill Dispersion and Trade Flows
w15094 Charles I. Jones
Paul M. Romer

The New Kaldor Facts: Ideas, Institutions, Population, and Human Capital
w15048 Bilgehan Karabay
John McLaren

Trade, Offshoring, and the Invisible Handshake
w15034 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Elias Papaioannou
José-Luis Peydró

What Lies Beneath the Euro's Effect on Financial Integration: Currency Risk, Legal Harmonization, or Trade?
w15023 Dhammika Dharmapala
C. Fritz Foley
Kristin J. Forbes

Watch What I Do, Not What I Say: The Unintended Consequences of the Homeland Investment Act
w15018 Joshua Aizenman
Financial Crisis and the Paradox of Under- and Over-Regulation
w14992 Pravin Krishna
Mine Zeynep Senses

International Trade and Labor Income Risk in the United States
w14978 Jonathan Vogel
Spatial Price Discrimination with Heterogeneous Firms
rein09-1 Marshall Reinsdorf and Matthew J. Slaughter

International Trade in Services and Intangibles in the Era of Globalization
w14965 Pravin Krishna
Andrei A. Levchenko

Comparative Advantage, Complexity and Volatility
w14961 Juan Carlos Gozzi
Ross Levine
Sergio L. Schmukler

Patterns of International Capital Raisings
w14956 Bruce A. Blonigen
Anson Soderbery

Measuring the Benefits of Product Variety with an Accurate Variety Set
w14953 Kishore Gawande
Pravin Krishna
Marcelo Olarreaga

What Governments Maximize and Why: The View from Trade
w14942 Gary D. Libecap
Dean Lueck

The Demarcation of Land and the Role of Coordinating Institutions
w14935 Marcela Eslava
John C. Haltiwanger
Adriana D. Kugler
Maurice Kugler

Trade Reforms and Market Selection: Evidence from Manufacturing Plants in Colombia
w14928 Juan Carlos Hallak
Jagadeesh Sivadasan

Firms' Exporting Behavior under Quality Constraints
w14910 James Feyrer
Trade and Income -- Exploiting Time Series in Geography
w14904 Barry Eichengreen
Ashoka Mody
Milan Nedeljkovic
Lucio Sarno

How the Subprime Crisis Went Global: Evidence from Bank Credit Default Swap Spreads
w14891 Pol Antràs
C. Fritz Foley

Regional Trade Integration and Multinational Firm Strategies
w14854 Andrew K. Rose
Mark M. Spiegel

The Olympic Effect
w14837 Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

Concording U.S. Harmonized System Categories Over Time
w14833 Francesc Ortega
Giovanni Peri

The Causes and Effects of International Migrations: Evidence from OECD Countries 1980-2005
w14821 Joshua Aizenman
Gurnain Kaur Pasricha

Selective Swap Arrangements and the Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Interpretation
w14812 Kyle Bagwell
Self-Enforcing Trade Agreements and Private Information
w14803 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Profit Shifting and Trade Agreements in Imperfectly Competitive Markets
w14783 Nathan Nunn
Leonard Wantchekon

The Slave Trade and the Origins of Mistrust in Africa
w14779 Joshua Aizenman
On the Paradox of Prudential Regulations in the Globalized Economy: International Reserves and the Crisis a Reassessment
w14776 Marc-Andreas Muendler
Sascha O. Becker

Margins of Multinational Labor Substitution
w14771 Matilde Bombardini
Francesco Trebbi

Competition and Political Organization: Together or Alone in Lobbying for Trade Policy?
w14767 William Hynes
David S. Jacks
Kevin H. O'Rourke

Commodity Market Disintegration in the Interwar Period
w14751 Siqi Zheng
Matthew E. Kahn
Hongyu Liu

Towards a System of Open Cities in China: Home Prices, FDI Flows and Air Quality in 35 Major Cities
w14748 David S. Jacks
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Commodity Price Volatility and World Market Integration since 1700
w14738 Alon Cohen
Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

The Skill Composition of Migration and the Generosity of the Welfare State
w14716 Robert C. Feenstra
Shang-Jin Wei

Introduction to "China's Growing Role in World Trade"
w14672 Arnaud Costinot
Jonathan Vogel

Matching and Inequality in the World Economy
w14670 Bee Yan Aw
Mark J. Roberts
Daniel Yi Xu

R&D Investment, Exporting, and Productivity Dynamics
w14668 Arnaud Costinot
Lindsay Oldenski
James E. Rauch

Adaptation and the Boundary of Multinational Firms
w14662 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

The Margins of U.S. Trade (Long Version)
w14655 Nuno Limão
Patricia Tovar

Policy Choice: Theory and Evidence from Commitment via International Trade Agreements
w14645 Arnaud Costinot
An Elementary Theory of Comparative Advantage
w14643 James E. Anderson
Globalization and Income Distribution: A Specific Factors Continuum Approach
w14642 James E. Anderson
Gravity, Productivity and the Pattern of Production and Trade
w14632 Albert Park
Dean Yang
Xinzheng Shi
Yuan Jiang

Exporting and Firm Performance: Chinese Exporters and the Asian Financial Crisis
w14627 Bruce Blonigen
New Evidence on the Formation of Trade Policy Preferences
w14626 Wolfgang Keller
Stephen R. Yeaple

Global Production and Trade in the Knowledge Economy
w14610 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum
Francis Kramarz

An Anatomy of International Trade: Evidence from French Firms
w14604 Peter Blair Henry
Conrad Miller

Institutions vs. Policies: A Tale of Two Islands
w14600 Robert W. Staiger
Alan O. Sykes

"Currency Manipulation" and World Trade
w14582 Man-Keung Tang
Shang-Jin Wei

The Value of Making Commitments Externally: Evidence from WTO Accessions
w14565 Lucas W. Davis
Matthew E. Kahn

International Trade in Used Durable Goods: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA
w14562 Joshua Aizenman
Reuven Glick

Sovereign Wealth Funds: Stylized Facts about their Determinants and Governance
w14561 Joshua Aizenman
Michael Hutchison
Ilan Noy

Inflation Targeting and Real Exchange Rates in Emerging Markets
w14554 Gene M. Grossman
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Task Trade between Similar Countries
w14553 Harald Uhlig
The Slow Decline of East Germany
w14531 Kalina Manova
Credit Constraints, Heterogeneous Firms, and International Trade
w14533 Joshua Aizenman
Menzie D. Chinn
Hiro Ito

Assessing the Emerging Global Financial Architecture: Measuring the Trilemma's Configurations over Time
w14527 Hans Fehr
Sabine Jokisch
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Dynamic Globalization and Its Potentially Alarming Prospects for Low-Wage Workers
w14515 Yongmin Chen
Ignatius J. Horstmann
James R. Markusen

Physical Capital, Knowledge Capital and the Choice Between FDI and Outsourcing
w14509 Diego A. Comin
An Exploration of the Japanese Slowdown during the 1990s
w14497 Gordon H. Hanson
Raymond Robertson

China and the Manufacturing Exports of Other Developing Countries
w14495 Irene Brambilla
Guido Porto
Alessandro Tarozzi

Adjusting to Trade Policy: Evidence from U.S. Antidumping Duties on Vietnamese Catfish
w14493 Sibylle H. Lehmann
Kevin H. O'Rourke

The Structure of Protection and Growth in the Late 19th Century
w14491 Maria Guadalupe
Julie Wulf

The Flattening Firm and Product Market Competition: The Effect of Trade Liberalization
w14490 Gordon H. Hanson
The Economic Consequences of the International Migration of Labor
w14481 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Jan Svejnar
Katherine Terrell

Globalization and innovation in emerging markets
w14478 Elhanan Helpman
Oleg Itskhoki
Stephen Redding

Inequality and Unemployment in a Global Economy
w14461 Gordon H. Hanson
Chong Xiang

Testing the Melitz Model of Trade: An Application to U.S. Motion Picture Exports
w14460 Huifang Tian
John Whalley

China's Participation in Global Environmental Negotiations
w14453 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

The US as the "Demander of Last Resort" and its Implications on China's Current Account
w14431 Yan Dong
John Whalley

Carbon, Trade Policy, and Carbon Free Trade Areas
w14425 Gene M. Grossman
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

External Economies and International Trade Redux
w14423 James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

The Changing Incidence of Geography
w14418 Maurice Kugler
Eric Verhoogen

The Quality-Complementarity Hypothesis: Theory and Evidence from Colombia
w14416 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Amit Khandelwal
Nina Pavcnik
Petia Topalova

Imported Intermediate Inputs and Domestic Product Growth: Evidence from India
w14344 Joshua Aizenman
Jake Kendall

The Internationalization of Venture Capital and Private Equity
w14305 Richard E. Baldwin
Tadashi Ito

Quality competition versus price competition goods: An empirical classification
w14285 Pol Antràs
Robert W. Staiger

Offshoring and the Role of Trade Agreements
w14264 Antoni Estevadeordal
Alan M. Taylor

Is the Washington Consensus Dead? Growth, Openness, and the Great Liberalization, 1970s-2000s
w14262 Pol Antràs
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Organizations and Trade
w14214 Costas Arkolakis
Market Penetration Costs and the New Consumers Margin in International Trade
w14188 Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano
Giovanni Peri

Immigration and National Wages: Clarifying the Theory and the Empirics
w14139 David S. Jacks
Krishna Pendakur

Global Trade and the Maritime Transport Revolution
w14129 Pol Antràs
Gerard Padró i Miquel

Foreign Influence and Welfare
w14127 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Amit Khandelwal
Nina Pavcnik
Petia Topalova

Multi-product Firms and Product Turnover in the Developing World: Evidence from India
w14121 Robert E. Lipsey
Measuring the Location of Production in a World of Intangible Productive Assets, FDI, and Intrafirm Trade
w14109 Robert Koopman
Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei

How Much of Chinese Exports is Really Made In China? Assessing Domestic Value-Added When Processing Trade is Pervasive
w14106 Mary Amiti
Donald R. Davis

Trade, Firms, and Wages: Theory and Evidence
w14088 Pierre-Richard Agenor
Joshua Aizenman

Capital Market Imperfections and the Theory of Optimum Currency Areas
w14079 Ram C. Acharya
Wolfgang Keller

Estimating the Productivity Selection and Technology Spillover Effects of Imports
w14077 Gregory Clark
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Alan M. Taylor

Made in America? The New World, the Old, and the Industrial Revolution
w14072 Stephen Yeaple
Firm Heterogeneity and the Structure of U.S. Multinational Activity: An Empirical Analysis
w14069 David T. Coe
Elhanan Helpman
Alexander W. Hoffmaister

International R&D Spillovers and Institutions
w14067 Giovanni Maggi
Robert W. Staiger

On the Role and Design of Dispute Settlement Procedures in International Trade Agreements
w14061 Runjuan Liu
Daniel Trefler

Much Ado About Nothing: American Jobs and the Rise of Service Outsourcing to China and India
w14056 Richard Baldwin
Big-Think Regionalism: A Critical Survey
w14046 James E. Anderson
Consistent Trade Policy Aggregation
w14045 James E. Anderson
Does Trade Foster Contract Enforcement?
w14039 Karin Mayr
Giovanni Peri

Return Migration as a Channel of Brain Gain
w14034 Sebastian Edwards
Globalization, Growth and Crises: The View from Latin America
w14025 Ben Lockwood
John Whalley

Carbon Motivated Border Tax Adjustments: Old Wine in Green Bottles?
w14024 Hany Besada
Yang Wang
John Whalley

China's Growing Economic Activity in Africa
w14017 Christian Broda
David E. Weinstein

Understanding International Price Differences Using Barcode Data
w13988 Andrew K. Rose
Mark M. Spiegel

Non-Economic Engagement and International Exchange: The Case of Environmental Treaties
w13984 Jiandong Ju
Shang-Jin Wei

When Is Quality of Financial System a Source of Comparative Advantage?
w13933 Costas Arkolakis
Svetlana Demidova
Peter J. Klenow
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Endogenous Variety and the Gains from Trade
w13963 James Harrigan
Haiyan Deng

China's Local Comparative Advantage
w13957 Ivan Cherkashin
Svetlana Demidova
Susumu Imai
Kala Krishna

The Inside Scoop: Acceptance and Rejection at the Journal of International Economics
w13959 Gustavo Crespi
Chiara Criscuolo
Jonathan E. Haskel
Matthew Slaughter

Productivity Growth, Knowledge Flows, and Spillovers
w13958 Jikun Huang
Yu Liu
Will Martin
Scott Rozelle

Agricultural Trade Reform and Rural Prosperity: Lessons from China
w13952 Martin S. Feldstein
Resolving the Global Imbalance: The Dollar and the U.S. Saving Rate
w13942 David Weinstein
Christian Broda

Exporting Deflation? Chinese Exports and Japanese Prices
w13921 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

Current Account Patterns and National Real Estate Markets
w13918 Niall Ferguson
Moritz Schularick

The "Thin Film Of Gold": Monetary Rules and Policy Credibility In Developing Countries
w13913 Wolfgang Keller
Carol H. Shiue

Institutions, Technology, and Trade
w13908 Kristin J. Forbes
Why do Foreigners Invest in the United States?
w13900 Susumu Imai
Hajime Katayama
Kala Krishna

A Quantile-based Test of Protection for Sale Model
w13899 Susumu Imai
Hajime Katayama
Kala Krishna

Is Protection Really for Sale? A Survey and Directions for Future Research
w13891 Joshua Aizenman
Kenneth Kletzer

The Life Cycle of Scholars and Papers in Economics -- the "Citation Death Tax"
w13887 George J. Borjas
Jeffrey Grogger
Gordon H. Hanson

Imperfect Substitution between Immigrants and Natives: A Reappraisal
w13880 Peter Blair Henry
Diego Sasson

Capital Account Liberalization, Real Wages, and Productivity
w13860 Judith M. Dean
Mary E. Lovely

Trade Growth, Production Fragmentation, and China's Environment
w13853 Joshua Aizenman
Jaewoo Lee

The Real Exchange Rate, Mercantilism and the Learning by Doing Externality
w13851 Francesco D'Amuri
Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano
Giovanni Peri

The Labor Market Impact of Immigration in Western Germany in the 1990's
w13846 Robert Dekle
Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Global Rebalancing with Gravity: Measuring the Burden of Adjustment
w13831 Barry Eichengreen
Douglas A. Irwin

International Economic Policy: Was There a Bush Doctrine?
w13821 Jeffrey Grogger
Gordon H. Hanson

Income Maximization and the Selection and Sorting of International Migrants
w13820 Linda S. Goldberg
Cédric Tille

Macroeconomic Interdependence and the International Role of the Dollar
w13814 Charles Engel
Jian Wang

International Trade in Durable Goods: Understanding Volatility, Cyclicality, and Elasticities
w13807 Juan Carlos Hallak
Peter K. Schott

Estimating Cross-Country Differences in Product Quality
w13792 Selim Elekdag
Rene Lalonde
Douglas Laxton
Dirk Muir
Paolo Pesenti

Oil Price Movements and the Global Economy: A Model-Based Assessment
w13790 George Alessandria
Joseph Kaboski
Virgiliu Midrigan

Inventories, Lumpy Trade, and Large Devaluations
w13771 Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei

What Accounts for the Rising Sophistication of China's Exports?
w13742 Eduardo Engel
Ronald Fischer

Optimal Resource Extraction Contracts Under Threat of Expropriation
w13734 Joshua Aizenman
Yi Sun

Globalization and the Sustainability of Large Current Account Imbalances: Size Matters
w13731 Ariel Burstein
Christopher Kurz
Linda Tesar

Trade, Production Sharing, and the International Transmission of Business Cycles
w13703 Robert Feenstra
Hong Ma

Optimal Choice of Product Scope for Multiproduct Firms under Monopolistic Competition
w13698 Hiau Looi Kee
Kala Krishna

Firm Level Heterogeneous Productivity and Demand Shocks: Evidence from Bangladesh
w13691 Arnaud Costinot
Ivana Komunjer

What Goods Do Countries Trade? New Ricardian Predictions
w13688 Svetlana Demidova
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Trade Policy under Firm-Level Heterogeneity in a Small Economy
w13686 Jan Eeckhout
Boyan Jovanovic

Occupational Choice and Development
w13675 Gordon H. Hanson
Craig McIntosh

The Great Mexican Emigration
w13671 Bruce A. Blonigen
Benjamin H. Liebman
Wesley W. Wilson

Trade Policy and Market Power: The Case of the US Steel Industry
w13662 Andres Rodriguez-Clare
Trade, Diffusion and the Gains from Openness
w13631 Susana Iranzo
Giovanni Peri

Migration and Trade in a World of Technological Differences: Theory with an Application to Eastern-Western European Integration
w13628 Tibor Besedes
Thomas J. Prusa

The Role of Extensive and Intensive Margins and Export Growth
w13620 Paul R. Bergin
Robert C. Feenstra

Pass-through of Exchange Rates and Competition Between Floaters and Fixers
w13618 Hongbin Cai
Yasuyuki Todo
Li-An Zhou

Do Multinationals' R&D Activities Stimulate Indigenous Entrepreneurship? Evidence from China's "Silicon Valley"
w13616 Arik Levinson
Technology, International Trade, and Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing
w13612 Fabrice Collard
Harris Dellas
Behzad Diba
Alan Stockman

Goods Trade and International Equity Portfolios
w13659 Katheryn Niles Russ
Exchange Rate Volatility and First-Time Entry by Multinational Firms
w13602 Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas
Olivier Jeanne

Capital Flows to Developing Countries: The Allocation Puzzle
w13581 John Whalley
Li Wang

Evaluating the Impure Chinese VAT Relative to a Pure Form in a Simple Monetary Trade Model with an Endogenous Trade Surplus
w13577 Michael D. Bordo
Christopher M. Meissner

Foreign Capital and Economic Growth in the First Era of Globalization
w13552 Robert C. Feenstra
Chang Hong

China's Exports and Employment
w13531 Jonathan Eaton
Marcela Eslava
Maurice Kugler
James Tybout

Export Dynamics in Colombia: Firm-Level Evidence
w13515 Ellen McGrattan
Edward C. Prescott

Openness, Technology Capital, and Development
w13470 Lee Branstetter
C. Fritz Foley

Facts and Fallacies about U.S. FDI in China
w13465 Erhan Artuc
Shubham Chaudhuri
John McLaren

Trade Shocks and Labor Adjustment: A Structural Empirical Approach
w13464 Shubham Chaudhuri
John McLaren

Some Simple Analytics of Trade and Labor Mobility
w13463 Stephen Cameron
Shubham Chaudhuri
John McLaren

Trade Shocks and Labor Adjustment: Theory
w13450 Douglas A. Irwin
Trade Restrictiveness and Deadweight Losses from U.S. Tariffs, 1859-1961
w13447 Laura Alfaro
Andrew Charlton

Intra-Industry Foreign Direct Investment
w13446 Raymond Fisman
Shang-Jin Wei

The Smuggling of Art, and the Art of Smuggling: Uncovering the Illicit Trade in Cultural Property and Antiques
w13432 Gita Gopinath
Oleg Itskhoki
Roberto Rigobon

Currency Choice and Exchange Rate Pass-through
w13424 Nicolas Coeurdacier
Robert Kollmann
Philippe Martin

International Portfolios with Supply, Demand and Redistributive Shocks
w13400 Pierre-Richard Agénor
Joshua Aizenman

Aid Volatility and Poverty Traps
w13395 Jorge Balat
Irene Brambilla
Guido Porto

Realizing the Gains From Trade: Export Crops, Marketing Costs, and Poverty
w13389 Giovanni Peri
Chad Sparber

Task Specialization, Comparative Advantages, and the Effects of Immigration on Wages
w13388 Jiandong Ju
Shang-Jin Wei

Current Account Adjustment: Some New Theory and Evidence
w13376 Bruce Blonigen
Alyson Ma

Please Pass the Catch-up The Relative Performance of Chinese and Foreign Firms in Chinese Exports
w13367 Nathan Nunn
The Long-Term Effects of Africa's Slave Trades
w13365 Elhanan Helpman
Oleg Itskhoki

Labor Market Rigidities, Trade and Unemployment
w13353 Mark Aguiar
Manuel Amador
Gita Gopinath

Investment Cycles and Sovereign Debt Overhang
w13349 Chad P. Bown
China's WTO Entry: Antidumping, Safeguards, and Dispute Settlement
w13346 Irene Brambilla
Amit Khandelwal
Peter Schott

China's Experience Under the Multifiber Arrangement (MFA) and the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC)
w13332 Margaret S. McMillan
Andrew R. Waxman

Profit Sharing Between Governments and Multinationals in Natural Resource Extraction: Evidence From a Firm-Level Panel
w13326 Andrew Atkeson
Ariel Burstein

Innovation, firm dynamics, and international trade
w13315 Simon Gilchrist
Jae W. Sim

Investment during the Korean Financial Crisis: A Structural Econometric Analysis
w13297 Alla Lileeva
Daniel Trefler

Improved Access to Foreign Markets Raises Plant-Level Productivity ... for Some Plants
w13281 Mihir A. Desai
Dhammika Dharmapala

Taxes and Portfolio Choice: Evidence from JGTRRA's Treatment of International Dividends
w13277 Joshua Aizenman
Large Hoarding of International Reserves and the Emerging Global Economic Architecture
w13271 Deborah L. Swenson
Multinationals and the Creation of Chinese Trade Linkages
w13258 Orley Ashenfelter
Stephen Ciccarella
Howard J. Shatz

French Wine and the U.S. Boycott of 2003: Does Politics Really Affect Commerce?
w13248 John H. Mutti
Harry Grubert

The Effect of Taxes on Royalties and the Migration of Intangible Assets Abroad
w13241 Pol Antràs
Ricardo J. Caballero

Trade and Capital Flows: A Financial Frictions Perspective
w13239 Robert E. Lipsey
Birgitta Swedenborg

Explaining Product Price Differences Across Countries
w13222 Garth Frazer
Johannes Van Biesebroeck

Trade Growth under the African Growth and Opportunity Act
w13214 Richard Baldwin
James Harrigan

Zeros, Quality and Space: Trade Theory and Trade Evidence
w13209 Kiminori Matsuyama
Aggregate Implications of Credit Market Imperfections
w13203 Andrés Rodríguez-Clare
Offshoring in a Ricardian World
w13183 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Rebecca Hellerstein

A Structural Approach to Identifying the Sources of Local-Currency Price Stability
w13170 James E. Rauch
Development Through Synergistic Reform
w13167 Abhijit Banerjee
Sebastian Galiani
Jim Levinsohn
Zoë McLaren
Ingrid Woolard

Why Has Unemployment Risen in the New South Africa
w13155 Jan De Loecker
Product Differentiation, Multi-product Firms and Estimating the Impact of Trade Liberalization on Productivity
w13149 Devashish Mitra
Priya Ranjan

Offshoring and Unemployment
w13144 Paul R. Bergin
Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Outsourcing and Volatility
w13139 Donald R. Davis
James Harrigan

Good Jobs, Bad Jobs, and Trade Liberalization
w13132 Mihir A. Desai
Dhammika Dharmapala

Taxes, Institutions and Foreign Diversification Opportunities
w13130 Edward J. Balistreri
James R. Markusen

Sub-national Differentiation and the Role of the Firm in Optimal International Pricing
w13118 Laura Alfaro
Andrew Charlton

International Financial Integration and Entrepreneurial Firm Activity
w13114 Martin Feldstein
Why is the Dollar So High?
w13094 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Productivity and Taxes as Drivers of FDI
w13086 Ram C. Acharya
Wolfgang Keller

Technology Transfer through Imports
w13085 Nicholas Bloom
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

Americans Do I.T. Better: US Multinationals and the Productivity Miracle
w13084 Joshua Aizenman
Mark Spiegel

w13073 Ariel Burstein
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Foreign Know-How, Firm Control, and the Income of Developing Countries
w13062 Alejandro Cuñat
Marc J. Melitz

Volatility, Labor Market Flexibility, and the Pattern of Comparative Advantage
w13057 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Ahmed S. Rahman
Alan M. Taylor

Trade, Knowledge, and the Industrial Revolution
w13055 Joan R. Rosés
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Globalization, Growth and Distribution in Spain 1500-1913
w13054 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

Firms in International Trade
w13048 John Romalis
Market Access, Openness and Growth
w13041 Christian Broda
David E. Weinstein

Product Creation and Destruction: Evidence and Price Implications
w13040 Kala Krishna
Ling H. Tan

Trade Policy with Heterogeneous Traders: Do Quotas Get a Bum Rap?
w13037 Anna Maria Mayda
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Richard Sinnott

Risk, Government and Globalization: International Survey Evidence
w13035 Robert Dekle
Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Unbalanced Trade
w13033 Lee Branstetter
Raymond Fisman
C. Fritz Foley
Kamal Saggi

Intellectual Property Rights, Imitation, and Foreign Direct Investment: Theory and Evidence
w13023 John Whalley
Xian Xin

Regionalization, Changes in Home Bias, and the Growth of World Trade
w13020 Shang-Jin Wei
Zhiwei Zhang

Collateral Damage: Exchange Controls and International Trade
w13001 Nikolaj Malchow-Møller
James R. Markusen
Bertel Schjerning

Foreign Firms, Domestic Wages
w12996 Robert E. Lipsey
Defining and Measuring the Location of FDI Output
w12991 Richard Baldwin
Frederic Robert-Nicoud

Offshoring: General Equilibrium Effects on Wages, Production and Trade
w12980 Marc-Andreas Muendler
Trade and Workforce Changeover in Brazil
w12971 Mary Amiti
John Romalis

Will the Doha Round Lead to Preference Erosion?
w12969 M. Scott Taylor
Buffalo Hunt: International Trade and the Virtual Extinction of the North American Bison
w12968 Margaret K. Kyle
Strategic Responses to Parallel Trade
w12961 Morten Ravn
Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe
Martin Uribe

Incomplete Cost Pass-Through Under Deep Habits
w12956 Giovanni Peri
Immigrants' Complementarities and Native Wages: Evidence from California
harr06-1 Ann Harrison

Globalization and Poverty
w12950 Svetlana Demidova
Kala Krishna

Firm Heterogeneity and Firm Behavior with Conditional Policies
w12949 Svetlana Demidova
Kala Krishna

Trade and Trade Policy with Differentiated Products: A Chamberlinian-Ricardian Model: A Comment
w12927 Elhanan Helpman
Marc Melitz
Yona Rubinstein

Estimating Trade Flows: Trading Partners and Trading Volumes
w12914 David Hummels
Volodymyr Lugovskyy
Alexandre Skiba

The Trade Reducing Effects of Market Power in International Shipping
w12904 Sebastian Edwards
On Current Account Surpluses and the Correction of Global Imbalances
w12885 Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

Distributional Effects of Globalization in Developing Countries
w12884 Eric V. Edmonds
Nina Pavcnik
Petia Topalova

Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform
w12872 James R. Markusen
Natalia Trofimenko

Teaching Locals New Tricks: Foreign Experts as a Channel of Knowledge Transfers
w12861 Andrew Atkeson
Ariel Burstein

Pricing-to-Market in a Ricardian Model of International Trade
w12855 Pol Antràs
Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley

Multinational Firms, FDI Flows and Imperfect Capital Markets
w12832 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

The Role of School Improvement in Economic Development
w12818 Raymond Fisman
Peter Moustakerski
Shang-Jin Wei

Outsourcing Tariff Evasion: A New Explanation for Entrepot Trade
w12816 James R. Markusen
Bridget Strand

Trade in Business Services in General Equilibrium
w12750 Joshua Aizenman
Kenneth Kletzer
Brian Pinto

Economic Growth with Constraints on Tax Revenues and Public Debt: Implications for Fiscal Policy and Cross-Country Differences
w12808 Robert E. Lipsey
Measuring the Impacts of FDI in Central and Eastern Europe
w12802 Dhammika Dharmapala
James R. Hines Jr.

Which Countries Become Tax Havens?
w12799 Desiree van Welsum
Xavier Reif

We Can Work It Out - The Globalisation of ICT-enabled Services
w12794 Dean Yang
Coping with Disaster: The Impact of Hurricanes on International Financial Flows, 1970-2002
w12782 Andrew B. Bernard
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

Multi-Product Firms and Trade Liberalization
w12780 John Whalley
Shunming Zhang

State-Owned Enterprise Behaviour Responses to Trade Reforms: Some Analytics and Numerical Simulation Results Using Chinese Data
w12761 Peter J. Kuhn
Carol McAusland

The International Migration of Knowledge Workers: When is Brain Drain Beneficial?
w12760 Lawrence Edwards
Robert Z. Lawrence

South African Trade Policy Matters: Trade Performance and Trade Policy
w12759 Robert Z. Lawrence
China and the Multilateral Trading System
w12747 Pol Antràs
Elhanan Helpman

Contractual Frictions and Global Sourcing
w12745 Henrik Horn
Giovanni Maggi
Robert W. Staiger

Trade Agreements as Endogenously Incomplete Contracts
w12734 Joshua Aizenman
International Reserves Management and the Current Account
w12727 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

What Do Trade Negotiators Negotiate About? Empirical Evidence from the World Trade Organization
w12725 Svetlana Demidova
Hiau Looi Kee
Kala Krishna

Do Trade Policy Differences Induce Sorting? Theory and Evidence from Bangladeshi Apparel Exporters
w12721 Gene M. Grossman
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Trading Tasks: A Simple Theory of Offshoring
w12718 Joshua Aizenman
Jaewoo Lee

Financial Versus Monetary Mercantilism-Long-run View of Large International Reserves Hoarding
w12712 Juan Carlos Hallak
A Product-Quality View of the Linder Hypothesis
w12704 Hamid Faruqee
Douglas Laxton
Dirk Muir
Paolo Pesenti

Would Protectionism Defuse Global Imbalances and Spur Economic Activity? A Scenario Analysis
w12699 Maurice Obstfeld
Pricing-to-Market, the Interest-Rate Rule, and the Exchange Rate
w12698 Peter Blair Henry
Capital Account Liberalization: Theory, Evidence, and Speculation
w12692 Jinyoung Kim
Sangjoon John Lee
Gerald Marschke

International Knowledge Flows: Evidence from an Inventor-Firm Matched Data Set
w12673 Richard E. Baldwin
Virginia Di Nino

Euros and Zeros: The Common Currency Effect on Trade in New Goods
w12668 Jiandong Ju
Shang-Jin Wei

A Solution to Two Paradoxes of International Capital Flows
w12667 Shang-Jin Wei
Zhiwei Zhang

Do External Interventions Work? The Case of Trade Reform Conditions in IMF Supported Programs
w12652 Eliot A. Jamison
Dean T. Jamison
Eric A. Hanushek

The Effects of Education Quality on Income Growth and Mortality Decline
w12649 C. Fritz Foley
Jay C. Hartzell
Sheridan Titman
Garry Twite

Why do firms hold so much cash? A tax-based explanation
w12580 Christopher M. Meissner
Alan M. Taylor

Losing our Marbles in the New Century? The Great Rebalancing in Historical Perspective
w12579 James Harrigan
Geoffrey Barrows

Testing the Theory of Trade Policy: Evidence from the Abrupt End of the Multifibre Arrangement
w12576 James E. Anderson
Commercial Policy in a Predatory World
w12566 Claustre Bajona
Timothy J. Kehoe

Demographics in Dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin Models: Overlapping Generations Versus Infinitely Lived Consumers
w12565 Dani Rodrik
Understanding South Africa's Economic Puzzles
w12553 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Inequality and Schooling Responses to Globalization Forces: Lessons from History
w12547 Jose Manuel Campa
Linda S. Goldberg

Pass Through of Exchange Rates to Consumption Prices: What has Changed and Why?
w12545 Richard Baldwin
Multilateralising Regionalism: Spaghetti Bowls as Building Blocs on the Path to Global Free Trade
w12543 Alan M. Taylor
Janine L. F. Wilson

International Trade and Finance under the Two Hegemons: Complementaries in the United Kingdom 1870-1913 and the United States 1920-30
w12539 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Importation and Innovation
w12531 Yo Chul Choi
David Hummels
Chong Xiang

Explaining Import Variety and Quality: The Role of the Income Distribution
w12526 E. Han Kim
Adair Morse
Luigi Zingales

What Has Mattered to Economics Since 1970
w12522 Laura Alfaro
Areendam Chanda
Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Selin Sayek

How Does Foreign Direct Investment Promote Economic Growth? Exploring the Effects of Financial Markets on Linkages
w12518 George J. Borjas
Jeffrey Grogger
Gordon H. Hanson

Immigration and African-American Employment Opportunities: The Response of Wages, Employment, and Incarceration to Labor Supply Shocks
w12516 Richard Baldwin
Daria Taglioni

Gravity for Dummies and Dummies for Gravity Equations
w12512 Christian Broda
Joshua Greenfield
David Weinstein

From Groundnuts to Globalization: A Structural Estimate of Trade and Growth
w12497 Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano
Giovanni Peri

Rethinking the Effects of Immigration on Wages
w12495 Linda S. Goldberg
Cédric Tille

The International Role of the Dollar and Trade Balance Adjustment
w12493 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Peter K. Schott

Transfer Pricing by U.S.-Based Multinational Firms
w12457 Beata Smarzynska Javorcik
Wolfgang Keller
James R. Tybout

Openness and Industrial Responses in a Wal-Mart World: A Case Study of Mexican Soaps, Detergents and Surfactant Producers
w12440 Susana Iranzo
Giovanni Peri

Schooling Externalities, Technology and Productivity: Theory and Evidence from U.S. States
w12439 John Whalley
Xian Xin

Home and Regional Biases and Border Effects in Armington Type Models
w12432 Shin-ichi Fukuda
Masanori Ono

On the Determinants of Exporters' Currency Pricing: History vs. Expectations
w12423 Gene M. Grossman
Edwin C.-L. Lai

Parallel Imports and Price Controls
w12411 Tatyana Chesnokova
Kala Krishna

Skill Acquisition, Credit Constraints, and Trade
w12398 N. Gregory Mankiw
Phillip Swagel

The Politics and Economics of Offshore Outsourcing
w12396 Dean Yang
Why Do Migrants Return to Poor Countries? Evidence From Philippine Migrants' Responses to Exchange Rate Shocks
w12385 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Innovation, Diffusion, and Trade
w12373 Lee Branstetter
Nicholas Lardy

China's Embrace of Globalization
w12372 Ann E. Harrison
Margaret S. McMillan

Outsourcing Jobs? Multinationals and US Employment
w12363 Joshua Aizenman
Daniel Riera-Crichton

Real Exchange Rate and International Reserves in the Era of Growing Financial and Trade Integration
w12347 Ann Harrison
Globalization and Poverty
w12327 Abdurrahman Aydemir
George J. Borjas

A Comparative Analysis of the Labor Market Impact of International Migration: Canada, Mexico, and the United States
w12326 Richard E. Baldwin
Frédéric Robert-Nicoud

Trade and Growth with Heterogenous Firms
w12325 Dean Yang
International Migration, Remittances, and Household Investment: Evidence from Philippine Migrants' Exchange Rate Shocks
w12322 Volker Nocke
Stephen Yeaple

Globalization and Endogenous Firm Scope
w12316 Rafael Dobado González
Aurora Gómez Galvarriato
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Globalization, De-Industrialization and Mexican Exceptionalism 1750-1879
w12315 Richard B. Freeman
People Flows in Globalization
w12296 Hui Huang
John Whalley

Baumol-Tobin and the Welfare Costs of National Security Border Delays
w12293 Andrew B. Bernard
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

Multi-Product Firms and Product Switching
w12276 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Capital Structure with Risky Foreign Investment
w12271 Robert E. Lipsey
Measuring International Trade in Services
w12258 Susumu Imai
Hajime Katayama
Kala Krishna

Protection for Sale or Surge Protection?
w12250 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Alan M. Taylor

Democracy and Protectionism
w12249 John Whalley
Xian Xin

China's FDI and Non-FDI Economies and the Sustainability of Future High Chinese Growth
w12226 Joshua Aizenman
Ilan Noy

Prizes for Basic Research -- Human Capital, Economic Might and the Shadow of History
w12222 Christian Leuz
Karl V. Lins
Francis E. Warnock

Do Foreigners Invest Less in Poorly Governed Firms?
w12217 Irene Brambilla
Multinationals, Technology, and the Introduction of Varieties of Goods
w12198 Eiji Ogawa
Junko Shimizu

Stabilization of Effective Exchange Rates Under Common Currency Basket Systems
w12196 Pol Antràs
Luis Garicano
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Organizing Offshoring: Middle Managers and Communication Costs
w12194 Richard H. Clarida
G7 Current Account Imbalances: Sustainability and Adjustment
w12193 Richard H. Clarida
Manuela Goretti
Mark P. Taylor

Are There Thresholds of Current Account Adjustment in the G7?
w12192 Richard E. Baldwin
Rikard Forslid

Trade Liberalization with Heterogenous Firms
w12191 Andrew K. Rose
Size Really Doesn't Matter: In Search of a National Scale Effect
w12188 Marianne Baxter
Michael A. Kouparitsas

What Determines Bilateral Trade Flows?
w12178 John Whalley
The Post MFA Performance of Developing Asia
w12173 Peter K. Schott
The Relative Sophistication of Chinese Exports
w12141 Gordon H. Hanson
Illegal Migration from Mexico to the United States
w12164 Nathan Nunn
Daniel Trefler

Putting the Lid on Lobbying: Tariff Structure and Long-Term Growth when Protection is for Sale
w12162 Douglas A. Irwin
Tariff Incidence in America's Gilded Age
w12161 Douglas A. Irwin
Antebellum Tariff Politics: Coalition Formation and Shifting Regional Interests
w12160 Douglas A. Irwin
The Impact of Federation on Australia's Trade Flows
w12121 Linda S. Goldberg
José Manuel Campa

Distribution Margins, Imported Inputs, and the Sensitivity of the CPI to Exchange Rates
w12095 Gita Gopinath
Roberto Rigobon

Sticky Borders
w12091 Elhanan Helpman
Trade, FDI, and the Organization of Firms
w12072 Agata Antkiewicz
John Whalley

Recent Chinese Buyout Activity and the Implications for Global Architecture
w12052 Bruce A. Blonigen
Wesley Wilson

New Measures of Port Efficiency Using International Trade Data
w12043 Howard Bodenhorn
Urban Poverty, School Attendance, and Adolescent Labor Force Attachment: Some Historical Evidence
w12033 Christian Broda
Nuno Limão
David Weinstein

Optimal Tariffs: The Evidence
w11991 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Vying for Foreign Direct Investment: A EU-type Model of Tax Competition
w11947 Dani Rodrik
What's So Special about China's Exports?
w11933 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

Globalization and Developing Countries - A Shrinking Tax Base?
w11926 Mary Amiti
Shang-Jin Wei

Service Offshoring and Productivity: Evidence from the United States
w11905 Ricardo Hausmann
Jason Hwang
Dani Rodrik

What You Export Matters
w11901 Laura Alfaro
Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Vadym Volosovych

Why Doesn't Capital Flow from Rich to Poor Countries? An Empirical Investigation
w11890 James E. Rauch
Vitor Trindade

Neckties in the Tropics: A Model of International Trade and Cultural Diversity
w11885 Robert C. Feenstra
Barbara J. Spencer

Contractual Versus Generic Outsourcing: The Role of Proximity
w11884 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Did Vasco da Gama Matter for European Markets? Testing Frederick Lane's Hypotheses Fifty Years Later
w11866 Timothy J. Hatton
Jeffrey G. Williamson

A Dual Policy Paradox: Why Have Trade and Immigration Policies Always Differed in Labor-Scarce Economies
w11828 David Hummels
Volodymyr Lugovskyy

Trade in Ideal Varieties: Theory and Evidence
w11827 James Markusen
Modeling the Offshoring of White-Collar Services: From Comparative Advantage to the New Theories of Trade and FDI
w11798 Bruce A. Blonigen
Wesley W. Wilson

Foreign Subsidization and Excess Capacity
w11795 Natalia Chernyshoff
David S. Jacks
Alan M. Taylor

Stuck on Gold: Real Exchange Rate Volatility and the Rise and Fall of the Gold Standard
w11787 Roberto Chang
Linda Kaltani
Norman Loayza

Openness Can be Good for Growth: The Role of Policy Complementarities
w11774 Bee Yan Aw
Mark J. Roberts
Tor Winston

The Complementary Role of Exports and R&D Investments as Sources of Productivity Growth
w11764 Fernando Alvarez
Robert E. Lucas

General Equilibrium Analysis of the Eaton-Kortum Model of International Trade
w11762 Andrew K. Rose
Cities and Countries
w11757 Itay Goldstein
Assaf Razin

An Information-Based Trade Off between Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Portfolio Investment
w11752 Robert C. Feenstra
Yongmin Chen

Buyer Investment, Product Variety, and Intrafirm Trade
w11749 Fumio Hayashi
Koji Nomura

Can IT be Japan's Savior?
w11745 Irene Brambilla
A Customs Union with Multinational Firms: The Automobile Market in Argentina and Brazil
w11719 Menzie D. Chinn
Supply Capacity, Vertical Specialization and Tariff Rates: The Implications for Aggregate U.S. Trade Flow Equations
w11718 Devashish Mitra
Priya Ranjan

Y2K and Offshoring: The Role of External Economies and Firm Heterogeneity
w11717 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Foreign Direct Investment and Domestic Economic Activity
w11716 Giovanni Maggi
Andres Rodriguez-Clare

A Political-Economy Theory of Trade Agreements
w11713 William H. Branson
Conor N. Healy

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy Coordination in ASEAN 1
w11688 James Harrigan
Airplanes and Comparative Advantage
w11672 Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano
Giovanni Peri

Rethinking the Gains from Immigration: Theory and Evidence from the U.S.
w11668 Hans Fehr
Sabine Jokisch
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Will China Eat Our Lunch or Take Us Out to Dinner? Simulating the Transition Paths of the U.S., EU, Japan, and China
w11653 Linda Goldberg
Trade Invoicing in the Accession Countries: Are They Suited to the Euro?
w11650 Richard Baldwin
Toshihiro Okubo

Heterogeneous Firms, Agglomeration and Economic Geography: Spatial Selection and Sorting
w11641 Assaf Razin
Prakash Loungani

Globalization and Inflation-Output Tradeoffs
w11637 Paul R. Bergin
Reuven Glick

Tradability, Productivity, and Understanding International Economic Integration
w11614 Petia Topalova
Trade Liberalization, Poverty, and Inequality: Evidence from Indian Districts
w11575 Peter K. Schott
Andrew B. Bernard
Stephen J. Redding

Products and Productivity
w11571 Diego Puga
Daniel Trefler

Wake Up and Smell the Ginseng: The Rise of Incremental Innovation in Low-Wage Countries
w11565 Reuven Glick
Alan M. Taylor

Collateral Damage: Trade Disruption and the Economic Impact of War
w11550 Philippe Martin
Hélène Rey

Globalization and Emerging Markets: With or Without Crash?
w11539 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

The Collection Efficiency of the Value Added Tax: Theory and International Evidence
w11527 Robert Fairlie
Christopher Woodruff

Mexican Entrepreneurship: A Comparison of Self-Employment in Mexico and the United States
w11524 Laura Bottazzi
Giovanni Peri

The International Dynamics of R&D and Innovation in the Short and in the Long Run
w11516 Lee Branstetter
Raymond Fisman
C. Fritz Foley

Do Stronger Intellectual Property Rights Increase International Technology Transfer? Empirical Evidence from U.S. Firm-Level Data
w11479 Chiara Criscuolo
Jonathan E. Haskel
Matthew J. Slaughter

Global Engagement and the Innovation Activities of Firms
w11471 Richard Baldwin
Heterogeneous Firms and Trade: Testable and Untestable Properties of the Melitz Model
w11466 Bruce A. Blonigen
Ronald B. Davies
Helen T. Naughton
Glen R. Waddell

Spacey Parents: Spatial Autoregressive Patterns in Inbound FDI
w11457 Richard B. Freeman
Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership?
w11448 Andrew B. Bernard
Raymond Robertson
Peter K. Schott

A Note on the Empirical Implementation of the Lens Condition
w11432 Kurt Unger
Regional Economic Development and Mexican Out-Migration
w11428 Susan M. Richter
J. Edward Taylor
Antonio Naude

Impacts of Policy Reforms on Labor Migration From Rural Mexico to the United States
w11418 Barbara J. Spencer
International Outsourcing and Incomplete Contracts
w11412 Gordon H. Hanson
Emigration, Labor Supply, and Earnings in Mexico
w11404 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Peter K. Schott

Importers, Exporters, and Multinationals: A Portrait of Firms in the U.S. that Trade Goods
w11403 Joshua Aizenman
Ilan Noy

FDI and Trade -- Two Way Linkages?
w11396 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Party Discipline and Pork Barrel Politics
w11393 Marc J. Melitz
Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano

Market Size, Trade, and Productivity
w11384 Murray Leibbrandt
James Levinsohn
Justin McCrary

Incomes in South Africa Since the Fall of Apartheid
w11371 Kishore Gawande
Pravin Krishna
Marcelo Olarreaga

Lobbying Competition Over Trade Policy
w11366 Joshua Aizenman
Jaewoo Lee

International Reserves: Precautionary versus Mercantilist Views, Theory and Evidence
w11355 Jeffrey A. Miron
Chris Feige

The Opium Wars, Opium Legalization, and Opium Consumption in China
w11352 Michael W. Klein
Studying Texts: A Gemara of the Israeli Economy
w11339 Russell Hillberry
David Hummels

Trade Responses to Geographic Frictions: A Decomposition Using Micro-Data
w11335 Barry Eichengreen
Hui Tong

Is China's FDI Coming at the Expense of Other Countries?
w11306 Eswar Prasad
Shang-Jin Wei

The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows: Patterns and Possible Explanations
w11301 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Ariell Reshef
Bent Sorensen
Oved Yosha

Why Does Capital Flow to Rich States?
w11299 Bruce A. Blonigen
A Review of the Empirical Literature on FDI Determinants
w11296 Jaume Ventura
A Global View of Economic Growth
w11289 Margaret McMillan
Alix Peterson Zwane
Nava Ashraf

My Policies or Yours: Does OECD Support for Agriculture Increase Poverty in Developing Countries?
w11283 Kala Krishna
Conditional Policies in General Equilibrium
w11269 Giovanni Facchini
Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Gerald Willmann

Protection for Sale with Imperfect Rent Capturing
w11255 Tom Krebs
Pravin Krishna
William Maloney

Trade Policy, Income Risk, and Welfare
w11242 Joshua Aizenman
Ex Ante Carrots instead of Ex Post Sticks: Two Examples
w11232 O. G. Dayaratna Banda
John Whalley

Beyond Goods and Services: Competition Policy, Investment, Mutual Recognition, Movement of Persons, and Broader Cooperation Provisions of Recent FTAs involving ASEAN Countries
w11228 Joshua Aizenman
Eileen L. Brooks

Globalization and Taste Convergence: The Case of Wine and Beer
w11221 Daniel Trefler
Susan Chun Zhu

The Structure of Factor Content Predictions
w11199 Jeffrey A. Frankel
David C. Parsley
Shang-Jin Wei

Slow Passthrough Around the World: A New Import for Developing Countries?
w11198 Barry Eichengreen
Kenneth Kletzer
Ashoka Mody

The IMF in a World of Private Capital Markets
w11196 Assaf Razin
Yona Rubinstein
Efraim Sadka

Corporate Taxation and Bilateral FDI with Threshold Barriers
w11184 Deborah Swenson
Outsourcing Price Decisions: Evidence from U.S. 9802 Imports
w11175 Jorge F. Balat
Guido Porto

Globalization and Complementary Policies: Poverty Impacts in Rural Zambia
w11165 Giancarlo Corsetti
Philippe Martin
Paolo A. Pesenti

Productivity Spillovers, Terms of Trade and the "Home Market Effect"
w11150 Kala Krishna
Understanding Rules of Origin
w11145 Joshua Aizenman
Financial Liberalization in Latin-America in the 1990s: A Reassessment
w11143 Chor-ching Goh
Beata Smarzynska Javorcik

Trade Protection and Industry Wage Structure in Poland
w11117 J. Ernesto Lopez-Cordova
Christopher M. Meissner

The Globalization of Trade and Democracy, 1870-2000
w11111 Andrew K. Rose
The Foreign Service and Foreign Trade: Embassies as Export Promotion
w11094 Pol Antràs
Luis Garicano
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Offshoring in a Knowledge Economy
w11081 Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

The Effects of the Colombian Trade Liberalization on Urban Poverty
w11075 Mihir C. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Foreign Direct Investment and the Domestic Capital Stock
w11066 Emma Aisbett
Why are the Critics so Convinced that Globalization is Bad for the Poor?
w11059 John Romalis
NAFTA's and CUSFTA's Impact on International Trade
w11051 James R. Markusen
Anthony J. Venables

A Multi-Country Approach to Factor-Proportions Trade and Trade Costs
w11048 James Levinsohn
Margaret McMillan

Does Food Aid Harm the Poor? Household Evidence from Ethiopia
w11047 Itay Goldstein
Assaf Razin

Foreign Direct Investment vs. Foreiegn Portfolio Investment
w11046 Branko Milanovic
Lyn Squire

Does Tariff Liberalization Increase Wage Inequality? Some Empirical Evidence
w11040 Robert C. Feenstra
Robert E. Lipsey
Haiyan Deng
Alyson C. Ma
Hengyong Mo

World Trade Flows: 1962-2000
w11028 Gordon H. Hanson
Kenneth F. Scheve
Matthew Slaughter

Public Finance and Individual Preferences over Globalization Strategies
w11027 Gordon H. Hanson
Globalization, Labor Income, and Poverty in Mexico
w11014 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

A Protectionist Bias in Majoritarian Politics
w11005 Luigi Guiso
Paola Sapienza
Luigi Zingales

Cultural Biases in Economic Exchange
w11003 Volker Nocke
Stephen Yeaple

An Assignment Theory of Foreign Direct Investment
w10992 Agata Antkiewicz
John Whalley

China's New Regional Trade Agreements
w10988 Christian Broda
David E. Weinstein

Happy News from the Dismal Science: Reassessing the Japanese Fiscal Policy and Sustainability
w10987 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Enforcement, Private Political Pressure and the GATT/WTO Escape Clause
w10985 James Levinsohn
Globalization and the Returns to Speaking English in South Africa
w10959 Franziska Ohnsorge
Daniel Trefler

Sorting It Out: International Trade and Protection With Heterogeneous Workers
w10957 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Eduardo A. Cavallo

Does Openness to Trade Make Countries More Vulnerable to Sudden Stops, Or Less? Using Gravity to Establish Causality
w10945 John F. Helliwell
Demographic Changes and International Factor Mobility
w10939 Bruce A. Blonigen
Ronald B. Davies
Glen R. Waddell
Helen T. Naughton

FDI in Space: Spatial Autoregressive Relationships in Foreign Direct Investment
w10904 Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano
Giovanni Peri

The Economic Value of Cultural Diversity: Evidence from US Cities
w10899 Kala Krishna
Cesar A. Perez

Unbalanced Growth
w10898 Andrew B. Bernard
Raymond Robertson
Peter K. Schott

Is Mexico A Lumpy Country?
w10893 Giovanni Peri
Catching-Up to Foreign Technology? Evidence on the "Veblen-Gerschenkron" Effect of Foreign Investments
w10877 Juan Carlos Hallak
Product Quality, Linder, and the Direction of Trade
w10869 Maurice Obstfeld
Kenneth Rogoff

The Unsustainable US Current Account Position Revisited
w10866 Robert C. Feenstra
Alan Heston
Marcel P. Timmer
Haiyan Deng

Estimating Real Production and Expenditures Across Nations: A Proposal for Improving the Penn World Tables
w10864 Assaf Razin
Yona Rubinstein
Efraim Sadka

Fixed Costs and FDI: The Conflicting Effects of Productivity Shocks
w10836 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Trade, Tragedy, and the Commons
w10830 Robert C. Feenstra
Hiau Looi Kee

Export Variety and Country Productivity
w10826 Pravin Krishna
Devashish Mitra

Reciprocated Unilateralism in Trade Reforms with Majority Voting
w10808 Mary Amiti
Shang-Jin Wei

Fear of Service Outsourcing: Is It Justified?
w10800 Muhammed Dalgin
Devashish Mitra
Vitor Trindade

Inequality, Nonhomothetic Preferences, and Trade: A Gravity Approach
w10783 Bruce A. Blonigen
Working the System: Firm Learning and the Antidumping Process
w10781 Robert Dekle
Financing Consumption in an Aging Japan: The Role of Foreign Capital Inflows in Immigration
w10778 Carol H. Shiue
Wolfgang Keller

Markets in China and Europe on the Eve of the Industrial Revolution
w10769 Manish Pandey
John Whalley

Social Networks and Trade Liberalization
w10768 Barry Eichengreen
Yeongseop Rhee
Hui Tong

The Impact of China on the Exports of Other Asian Countries
w10758 Richard A. Jensen
Marie C. Thursby

Patent Licensing and the Research University
w10750 Roberto Rigobon
Dani Rodrik

Rule of Law, Democracy, Openness, and Income: Estimating the Interrelationships
w10749 Ha Yan Lee
Luca Antonio Ricci
Roberto Rigobon

Once Again, is Openness Good for Growth?
w10730 James E. Anderson
J. Peter Neary

Welfare vs. Market Access: The Implications of Tariff Structure for Tariff Reform
w10721 Philippe Aghion
Pol Antràs
Elhanan Helpman

Negotiating Free Trade
w10718 Richard E. Baldwin
Frederic Robert-Nicoud

The Impact of Trade on Intraindustry Reallocation and Aggregate Industry Productivity: A Comment
w10697 Deborah L. Swenson
Overseas Assembly and Country Sourcing Choices
w10696 Michael W. Klein
Jay C. Shambaugh

Fixed Exchange Rates and Trade
w10686 Menzie D. Chinn
Robert Fairlie

The Determinants of the Global Digital Divide: A Cross-Country Analysis of Computer and Internet Penetration
w10683 John Whalley
Shunming Zhang

Inequality Change in China and (Hukou) Labour Mobility Restrictions
w10680 Timothy J. Hatton
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Policy in Europe
w10676 David F. Bradford
The X Tax in the World Economy
w10668 Andrew B. Bernard
Stephen Redding
Peter K. Schott

Comparative Advantage and Heterogeneous Firms
w10649 Glenda Mallon
John Whalley

China's Post Accession WTO Stance
w10638 Doireann Fitzgerald
Juan Carlos Hallak

Specialization, Factor Accumulation and Development
w10629 Arik Levinson
M. Scott Taylor

Unmasking the Pollution Haven Effect
w10624 Joshua Aizenman
Brian Pinto
Artur Radziwill

Sources for Financing Domestic Capital -- Is Foreign Saving a Viable Option for Developing Countries?
w10618 Alexander Haupt
Eckhard Janeba

Education, Redistribution, and the Threat of Brain Drain
w10607 Alan M. Taylor
Mark P. Taylor

The Purchasing Power Parity Debate
w10603 James R. Markusen
Thomas F. Rutherford

Learning on the Quick and Cheap: Gains from Trade Through Imported Expertise
w10600 Christopher Blattman
Jason Hwang
Jeffrey G. Williamson

The Impact of the Terms of Trade on Economic Development in the Periphery, 1870-1939: Volatility and Secular Change
w10596 Marcella Alsan
David E. Bloom
David Canning

The Effect of Population Health on Foreign Direct Investment
w10593 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

Trade, Inequality, and Poverty: What Do We Know? Evidence from Recent Trade Liberalization Episodes in Developing Countries
w10586 David Clingingsmith
Jeffrey G. Williamson

India's De-Industrialization Under British Rule: New Ideas, New Evidence
w10585 Josh Ederington
Arik Levinson
Jenny Minier

Trade Liberalization and Pollution Havens
w10582 Douglas Irwin
The Rise of U.S. Antidumping Actions in Historical Perspective
w10569 Paul Bergin
Reuven Glick
Alan M. Taylor

Productivity, Tradability, and the Long-Run Price Puzzle
w10566 Ricardo Hausmann
Lant Pritchett
Dani Rodrik

Growth Accelerations
w10565 Paul Beaudry
Fabrice Collard

Globalization, Returns to Accumulationa and the World Distribution of Output
w10560 Geert Bekaert
Campbell R. Harvey
Christian Lundblad

Growth Volatility and Financial Liberalization
w10559 Malcolm Baker
C. Fritz Foley
Jeffrey Wurgler

The Stock Market and Investment: Evidence from FDI Flows
w10544 Adriana Schor
Heterogeneous Productivity Response to Tariff Reduction: Evidence from Brazilian Manufacturing Firms
w10540 Fabio Ghironi
Marc J. Melitz

International Trade and Macroeconomic Dynamics with Heterogeneous Firms
w10538 Asish Arora
Alfonso Gambardella

The Globalization of the Software Industry: Perspectives and Opportunities for Developed and Developing Countries
w10534 Joshua Aizenman
Yeonho Lee
Yeongseop Rhee

International Reserves Management and Capital Mobility in a Volatile World: Policy Considerations and a Case Study of Korea
w10529 Timothy J. Hatton
Jeffrey G. Williamson

International Migration in the Long-Run: Positive Selection, Negative Selection and Policy
w10496 Joshua Aizenman
Ilan Noy

Endogenous Financial and Trade Openness
w10492 Ann Harrison
Jason Scorse

Moving Up or Moving Out? Anti-Sweatshop Activists and Labor Market Outcomes
w10480 James E. Anderson
Eric van Wincoop

Trade Costs
w10477 Thomas Hertel
David Hummels
Maros Ivanic
Roman Keeney

How Confident Can We Be in CGE-Based Assessments of Free Trade Agreements?
w10442 Maria Borga
Robert E. Lipsey

Factor Prices and Factor Substitution in U.S. Firms' Manufacturing Affiliates Abroad
w10441 Linda Goldberg
Financial-Sector FDI and Host Countries: New and Old Lessons
w10439 James E. Anderson
Maurizio Zanardi

Political Pressure Deflection
w10426 Eckhard Janeba
International Trade and Cultural Identity
w10420 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Backward Stealing and Forward Manipulation in the WTO
w10405 Volker Nocke
Stephen Yeaple

Mergers and the Composition of International Commerce
w10404 James Harrigan
Anthony J. Venables

Timeliness, Trade and Agglomeration
w10378 Bruce A. Blonigen
Miao Wang

Inappropriate Pooling of Wealthy and Poor Countries in Empirical FDI Studies
w10373 Andrew Rose
A Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Common Currencies on International Trade
w10364 Stephen N. Broadberry
Douglas A. Irwin

Labor Productivity in Britain and America During the Nineteenth Century
w10353 Ximena Clark
David Dollar
Alejandro Micco

Port Efficiency, Maritime Transport Costs and Bilateral Trade
w10344 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum
Francis Kramarz

Dissecting Trade: Firms, Industries, and Export Destinations
w10337 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Capital Controls, Liberalizations, and Foreign Direct Investement
w10319 Tibor Besedes
Thomas J. Prusa

Surviving the U.S. Import Market: The Role of Product Differentiation
w10317 Eric Edmonds
Nina Pavcnik

International Trade and Child Labor: Cross-Country Evidence
w10314 Christian Broda
David E. Weinstein

Globalization and the Gains from Variety
w10304 Shiu-Sheng Chen
Charles Engel

Does "Aggregation Bias" Explain the PPP Puzzle?
w10300 Wolfgang Keller
Carol H. Shiue

Market Integration and Economic Development: A Long-run Comparison
w10292 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Subsidy Agreements
w10250 Carolyn L. Evans
James Harrigan

Tight Clothing: How the MFA Affects Asian Apparel Exports
w10249 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

National Sovereignty in an Interdependent World
w10244 Juan Carlos Hallak
James Levinsohn

Fooling Ourselves: Evaluating the Globalization and Growth Debate
w10233 Mihir A. Desai
James R. Hines Jr.

Market Reactions to Export Subsidies
w10209 Keiko Ito
Kyoji Fukao

Physical and Human Capital Deepening and New Trade Patterns in Japan
w10208 Chin Hee Hahn
Exporting and Performance of Plants: Evidence from Korean Manufacturing
w10207 Andrew K. Rose
Does the WTO Make Trade More Stable?
w10205 Kishore Gawande
Pravin Krishna
Michael J. Robbins

Foreign Lobbies and US Trade Policy
w10198 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Ownership and Control in Outsourcing to China: Estimating the Property-Rights Theory of the Firm
w10197 Robert C. Feenstra
Marshall B. Reinsdorf

Should Exact Index Numbers Have Standard Errors? Theory and Application to Asian Growth
w10189 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman
Adam Szeidl

Optimal Integration Strategies for the Multinational Firm
w10181 John Whalley
Assessing the Benefits to Developing Countries of Liberalization in Services Trade
w10178 Dukgeun Ahn
WTO Dispute Settlements in East Asia
w10173 Shujiro Urata
Kozo Kiyota

The Impacts of an East Asia FTA on Foreign Trade in East Asia
w10172 Zihui Ma
Leonard Cheng

The Effects of Financial Crises on International Trade
w10169 Meng-Chun Liu
Shin-Horng Chen

International R&D Deployment and Locational Advantage: A Case Study of Taiwan
w10168 John Whalley
J. Clark Leith

Competitive Liberalization and a US-SACU FTA
w10167 Mitsuyo Ando
Fukinari Kimura

The Formation of International Production and Distribution Networks in East Asia
w10160 Philippa Dee
Jyothi Gali

The Trade and Investment Effects of Preferential Trading Arrangements
w10159 Shubham Chaudhuri
Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Panle Jia

Estimating the Effects of Global Patent Protection in Pharmaceuticals: A Case Study of Quinolones in India
w10156 Tain-Jy Chen
Ying-Hua Ku

The Effects of Overseas Investment on Domestic Employment
w10152 Romain Wacziarg
Karen Horn Welch

Trade Liberalization and Growth: New Evidence
w10145 Assaf Razin
Yona Rubinstein
Efraim Sadka

Which Countries Export FDI, and How Much?
w10144 Joshua Aizenman
Ilan Noy

Endogenous Financial Openness: Efficiency and Political Economy Considerations
w10143 John Whalley
Liberalization in China's Key Service Sectors Following WTO Accession: Some Scenarios and Issues of Measurement
w10137 Hui Huang
John Whalley

The Use of Literature Based Elasticity Estimates in Calibrated Models of Trade-Wage Decompositions: A Calibmetric Approach
w10102 Giovanni Maggi
Massimo Morelli

Self Enforcing Voting in International Organizations
w10090 Jeffrey A. Frankel
The Environment and Globalization
w10087 Devashish Mitra
Vitor Trindade

Inequality and Trade
w10084 Pushan Dutt
Devashish Mitra

Labor Versus Capital in Trade-Policy Determination: The Role of General-Interest and Special-Interest Politics
w10082 Pol Antràs
Elhanan Helpman

Global Sourcing
w10074 David C. Parsley
Shang-Jin Wei

A Prism into the PPP Puzzles: The Micro-foundations of Big Mac Real Exchange Rates
w10069 Wolfgang Keller
Carol H. Shiue

The Origins of Spatial Interaction
w10067 Fukunari Kimura
Takamune Fujii

Globalizing Activities and the Rate of Survival: Panel Data Analysis on Japanese Firms
w10058 James Harrigan
Rohit Vanjani

Is Japan's Trade (still) Different?
w10052 Keith Head
John Ries

Heterogeneity and the FDI versus Export Decision of Japanese Manufacturers
w10050 Dani Rodrik
Growth Strategies
w10000 Richard B. Freeman
Trade Wars: The Exaggerated Impact of Trade in Economic Debate
w10039 Andrew B. Bernard
Fredrik Sjoholm

Foreign Owners and Plant Survival
w10024 Arvind Subramanian
Shang-Jin Wei

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly
w9998 Andrew B. Bernard
Stephen Redding
Peter K. Schott
Helen Simpson

Relative Wage Variation and Industry Location
w9965 Alvin J. Silk
Ernst R. Berndt

Scale and Scope Economies in the Global Advertising and Marketing Services Business
w9947 Erkan Erdem
James Tybout

Trade Policy and Industrial Sector Responses: Using Evolutionary Models to Interpret the Evidence
w9945 Pol Antràs
Incomplete Contracts and the Product Cycle
w9944 Douglas A. Irwin
Joseph H. Davis

Trade Disruptions and America's Early Industrialization
w9943 Douglas A. Irwin
The Aftermath of Hamilton's "Report on Manufactures"
w9940 Christopher Blattman
Jason Hwang
Jeffrey G. Williamson

The Terms of Trade and Economic Growth in the Periphery 1870-1938
w9936 Tibor Besedes
Thomas J. Prusa

On the Duration of Trade
w9931 Giles Duranton
Diego Puga

Micro-Foundations of Urban Agglomeration Economies
w9928 Francesco Caselli
Daniel Wilson

Importing Technology
w9920 Kyle Bagwell
Petros C. Mavroidis
Robert W. Staiger

The Case for Auctioning Countermeasures in the WTO
w9906 Joshua Aizenman
On the Hidden Links Between Financial and Trade Opening
w9899 Eiichi Tomiura
Changing Economic Geography and Vertical Linkages in Japan
w9879 Rana Hasan
Devashish Mitra
K.V. Ramaswamy

Trade Reforms, Labor Regulations and Labor-Demand Elasticities: Empirical Evidence from India
w9872 Kevin O'Rourke
Heckscher-Ohlin Theory and Individual Attitudes Towards Globalization
w9867 Sebastian Edwards
Eduardo Levy Yeyati

Flexible Exchange Rates as Shock Absorbers
w9846 William Easterly
Ross Levine
David Roodman

New Data, New doubts: A Comment on Burnside and Dollar's "Aid, Policies, and Growth" (2000)
w9830 Orazio Attanasio
Pinelopi Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

Trade Reforms and Wage Inequiality in Colombia
w9823 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Trade, Growth and the Environment
w9815 Douglas A. Irwin
Causing Problems? The WTO Review of Causation and Injury Attribution in U.S. Section 201 Cases
w9776 Jean-Marie Grether
Jaime de Melo

Globalization and Dirty Industries: Do Pollution Havens Matter?
w9740 Pol Antràs
Firms, Contracts, and Trade Structure
w9729 Carolyn L. Evans
James Harrigan

Distance, Time, and Specialization
w9723 Gordon H. Hanson
Raymond J. Mataloni
Matthew J. Slaughter

Vertical Production Networks in Multinational Firms
w9718 Josh Ederington
Arik Levinson
Jenny Minier

Footloose and Pollution-Free
w9716 Vanessa Strauss-Kahn
The Role of Globalization in the Within-Industry Shift Away from Unskilled Workers in France
w9715 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines

A Multinational Perspective on Capital Structure Choice and Internal Capital Markets
w9692 Alejandro Ibarra-Yunez
Spaghetti Regionalism or Strategic Foreign Trade: Some Evidence for Mexico
w9687 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Luis Bertola

Globalization in Latin America Before 1940
w9669 Drusilla K. Brown
Alan V. Deardorff
Robert M. Stern

The Effects of Multinational Production on Wages and Working Conditions in Developing Countries
w9668 Christopher L. Gilbert
Panos Varangis

Globalization and International Commodity Trade with Specific Reference to the West African Cocoa Producers
w9663 Simon J. Evenett
Do all networks facilitate international commerce? US law firms and the international market for corporate control
w9662 Ashoka Mody
Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

The Role of Information in Driving FDI Flows: Host-Country Tranparency and Source Country Specialization
w9656 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Was It Stolper-Samuelson, Infant Industry or Something Else? World Trade Tariffs 1789-1938
w9655 Simon J. Evenett
The Cross Border Mergers and Acquisitions Wave of the Late 1990s
w9639 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Peter K. Schott

Falling Trade Costs, Heterogeneous Firms, and Industry Dynamics
w9637 Stephen Redding
Anthony J. Venables

Geography and Export Performance: External Market Access and Internal Supply Capacity
w9635 Herschel I. Grossman
"Fifty-four Forty or Fight!"
w9631 Pravin Krishna
Devashish Mitra

Reciprocated Unilateralism in Trade Policy: An Interest-Group Approach
w9625 Bruce A. Blonigen
Evolving Discretionary Practices of U.S Antidumping Activity
w9618 Joshua Aizenman
Reuven Glick

Military Expenditure, Threats, and Growth
w9617 Haijime Katayama
Shihua Lu
James Tybout

Why Plant-Level Productivity Studies are Often Misleading, and an Alternative Approach to Interference
w9616 Doulgas A. Irwin
New Estimates of the Average Tariff of the United States, 1790-1820
w9597 William A. Brock
M. Scott Taylor

The Kindergarten Rule of Sustainable Growth
w9580 Alan M. Taylor
Foreign Capital in Latin America in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
w9578 Robert E. Baldwin
Openness and Growth: What's the Empirical Relationship?
w9572 James E. Anderson
Traders, Cops and Robbers
w9563 Gordon H. Hanson
What Has Happened to Wages in Mexico since NAFTA?
w9533 Pierpaolo Battigalli
Giovanni Maggi

International agreements on product standard: an incomplete contracting theory
w9531 Saif I. Shah Mohammed
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Freight Rates and Productivity Gains in British Tramp Shipping 1869-1950
w9527 Bruce Blonigen
Rossitza B. Wooster

CEO Turnover and Foreign Market Participation
w9521 Menzie D. Chinn
Doomed to Deficits? Aggregate U.S. Trade Flows Re-Examined
w9517 Karolina Ekholm
Rikard Forslid
James Markusen

Export-Platform Foreign Direct Investment
w9504 Wolfgang Keller
Stephen R. Yeaple

Multinational Enterprises, International Trade, and Productivity Growth: Firm-Level Evidence from the United States
w9489 Magnus Blomstrom
Ari Kokko

The Economics of Foreign Direct Investment Incentives
w9485 Edgar Cudmore
John Whalley

Border Delays and Trade Liberalization
w9450 David Flath
Regulation, Distribution Efficiency, and Retail Density
w9447 Stephen Redding
Peter K. Schott

Distance, Skill Deepening and Development: Will Peripheral Countries Ever Get Rich?
w9443 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

The Response of the Informal Sector to Trade Liberalization
w9439 Elhanan Helpman
Marc J. Melitz
Stephen R. Yeaple

Export versus FDI
w9438 Lee Branstetter
Yoshiaki Nakamura

Is Japan's Innovative Capacity in Decline?
w9437 Robert J. Gordon
Hi-tech Innovation and Productivity Growth: Does Supply Create Its Own Demand?
w9417 Robert E. Lipsey
Fredrik Sjoholm

Foreign Firms and Indonesian Manufacturing Wages: An Analysis With Panel Data
w9403 Elhanan Helpman
Gene M. Grossman

Managerial Incentives and the International Organization of Production
w9401 Michael A. Clemens
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Closed Jaguar, Open Dragon: Comparing Tariffs in Latin America and Asia before World War II
w9397 Joshua Aizenman
Volatility, employment and the patterns of FDI in emerging markets
w9387 Robert C. Feenstra
John Romalis
Peter K. Schott

U.S. Imports, Exports, and Tariff Data, 1989-2001
w9378 Daron Acemoglu
Simon Johnson
James Robinson

The Rise of Europe: Atlantic Trade, Institutional Change and Economic Growth
w9376 Takatoshi Ito
Yuko Hashimoto

High Frequency Contagion of Currency Crises in Asia
w9352 Philippe Bacchetta
Eric van Wincoop

Why Do Consumer Prices React less than Import Prices to Exchange Rates?
w9347 Andrew K. Rose
Do WTO Members have More Liberal Trade Policy?
w9339 Kenneth Scheve
Matthew Slaughter

Economic Insecurity and the Globalization of Production
w9332 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka
Tarek Coury

Trade Openness, Investment Instability and Terms-of-Trade Volatility
w9328 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson
Songhua Lin

The Value of Information in International Trade: Gains to Outsourcing through Hong Kong
w9326 Alan M. Taylor
Globalization, Trade, and Development: Some Lessons From History
w9324 Joshua Aizenman
Mark M. Spiegel

Institutional Efficiency, Monitoring Costs, and the Investment Share of FDI
w9318 Antoni Estevadeordal
Brian Frantz
Alan M. Taylor

The Rise and Fall of World Trade, 1870-1939
w9305 Dani Rodrik
Arvind Subramanian
Francesco Trebbi

Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development
w9300 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Outsourcing versus FDI in Industry Equilibrium
w9293 Robert E. Lipsey
Home and Host Country Effects of FDI
w9290 Richard E. Baldwin
Paul Krugman

Agglomeration, Integration and Tax Harmonization
w9273 Andrew K. Rose
Do We Really Know that the WTO Increases Trade?
w9265 T. Huw Edwards
John Whalley

Short and Long Run Decompositions of OECD Wage Inequality Changes
w9260 R. Gaston Gelos
Shang-Jin Wei

Transparency and International Investor Behavior
w9258 Alessandra Casella
Redistribution Policy: A European Model
w9255 Assaf Razin
Ashoka Mody
Efraim Sadka

The Role of Information in Driving FDI: Theory and Evidence
w9252 Susan Feinberg
Gordon Phillips

Firm-Specific Resources, Financial-Market Development and the Growth of U.S. Multinationals
w9242 Daniel Chiquiar
Gordon H. Hanson

International Migration, Self-Selection, and the Distribution of Wages: Evidence from Mexico and the United States
w9241 Jessica Tjornhom Donohue
Kenneth A. Froot

The Persistence of Emerging Market Equity Flows
w9239 Pushan Dutt
Devashish Mitra

Political Ideology and Endogenous Trade Policy: An Empirical Investigation
w9224 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Chains of Ownership, Regional Tax Competition, and Foreign Direct Investment
w9204 Assaf Razin
FDI Contribution to Capital Flows and Investment in Capacity
w9201 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Andrew K. Rose

Is Trade Good or Bad for the Environment? Sorting Out the Causality
w9184 Lisandro Abrego
John Whalley

Decomposing Wage Inequality Change Using General Equilibrium Models
w9182 Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Path Dependence and the Origins of Cotton Textile Manufacturing in New England
w9181 Michael A. Clemens
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Why Did the Tariff-Growth Correlation Reverse After 1950?
w9170 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Peter K. Schott

Survival of the Best Fit: Competition from Low Wage Countries and the (Uneven) Growth of US Manufacturing Plants
w9169 Huiwen Lai
Daniel Trefler

The Gains from Trade with Monopolistic Competition: Specification, Estimation, and Mis-Specification
w9162 Keith Head
John Ries
Barbara J. Spencer

Vertical Networks and US Auto Parts Exports: Is Japan Different?
w9161 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Winners and Losers Over Two Centuries of Globalization
w9159 Timothy J. Hatton
Jeffrey G. Williamson

What Fundamentals Drive World Migration?
w9129 Dani Rodrik
Feasible Globalizations
w9122 Robert E. Lipsey
Zadia Feliciano

Foreign Entry into U.S. Manufacturing by Takeovers and the Creation of New Firms
w9117 Margaret McMillan
Dani Rodrik
Karen Horn Welch

When Economic Reform Goes Wrong: Cashews in Mozambique
w9115 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

International Joint Ventures and the Boundaries of the Firm
w9114 Suzanne Scotchmer
The Political Economy of Intellectual Property Treaties
w9112 Gilles Duranton
Diego Puga

From Sectoral to Functional Urban Specialization
w9110 Sandra E. Black
Elizabeth Brainerd

Importing Equality? The Impact of Globalization on Gender Discrimination
w9086 Kala Krishna
Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay
Cemile Yavas

Trade with Labor Market Distortions and Heterogeneous Labor: Why Trade Can Hurt
w9076 Gordon H. Hanson
Chong Xiang

The Home Market Effect and Bilateral Trade Patterns
w9060 Charles E. McLure
Walter Hellerstein

Does Sales-only Apportionment of Corporate Income Violate the GATT?
w9052 Andrew B. Bernard
Stephen Redding
Peter K. Schott
Helen Simpson

Factor Price Equalization in the UK?
w9039 Philippe Bacchetta
Eric van Wincoop

A Theory of the Currency Denomination of International Trade
w9030 Aart Kraay
Jaume Ventura

Current Accounts in the Long and Short Run
w9027 Bruce A. Blonigen
KaSaundra Tomlin
Wesley W. Wilson

Tariff-jumping FDI and Domestic Firms' Profits
w9026 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

The Deaths of Manufacturing Plants
w9023 David Hummels
Alexandre Skiba

Shipping the Good Apples Out? An Empirical Confirmation of the Alchian-Allen Conjecture
w9022 Russell Hillberry
David Hummels

Intra-national Home Bias: Some Explanations
w9020 Russell Hillberry
David Hummels

Explaining Home Bias in Consumption: The Role of Intermediate Input Trade
w8999 John H. Coatsworth
Jeffrey G. Williamson

The Roots of Latin American Protectionism: Looking Before the Great Depression
w8998 Ximena Clark
Timothy J. Hatton
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Where Do U.S. Immigrants Come From, and Why?
w8995 Kala Krishna
Cemile Yavas

When Does Trade Hurt? Market, Transition and Developing Economies
w8971 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Technological Superiority and the Losses from Migration
w8955 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

From Malthus to Ohlin: Trade, Growth and Distribution Since 1500
w8952 Ricardo Hausmann
Dani Rodrik

Economic Development as Self-Discovery
w8934 Jose Manuel Campa
Linda S. Goldberg

Exchange Rate Pass-Through into Import Prices: A Macro or Micro Phenomenon?
w8929 Bruce A. Blonigen
Ronald B. Davies
Keith Head

Estimating the Knowledge-Capital Model of the Multinational Enterprise: Comment
w8904 Xavier Sala-i-Martin
The Disturbing "Rise" of Global Income Inequality
w8900 Joshua Aizenman
Financial Opening: Evidence and Policy Options
w8894 Mary Hallward-Driemeier
Giuseppe Iarossi
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Exports and Manufacturing Productivity in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis with Firm-Level Data
w8888 Gunnar A. Eskeland
Ann E. Harrison

Moving to Greener Pastures? Multinationals and the Pollution Haven Hypothesis
w8887 Ann E. Harrison
Inessa Love
Margaret S. McMillan

Global Capital Flows and Financing Constraints
w8881 Mark J. Melitz
The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity
w8879 Michael W. Klein
Dollarization and Trade
w8862 Bruce A. Blonigen
Van Kolpin

Technology, Agglomeration, and Regional Competition for Investment
w8853 Andrew K. Rose
One Reason Countries Pay their Debts: Renegotiation and International Trade
w8847 James E. Anderson
Leslie Young

Imperfect Contract Enforcement
w8842 Antoni Estevadeordal
Alan M. Taylor

Testing Trade Theory in Ohlin's Time
w8834 Bruce A. Blonigen
Ronald B. Davies

Do Bilateral Tax Treaties Promote Foreign Direct Investment?
w8827 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka
Tarek Coury

Trade Openness and Investment Instability
w8809 John W. Budd
Josef Konings
Matthew J. Slaughter

International Rent Sharing in Multinational Firms
w8804 Aart Kraay
Jaume Ventura

Trade Integration and Risk Sharing
w8796 Kala Krishna
Ling Hui Tan
Ram Ranjan

Quantity Controls, License Transferability, and the Level of Investment
w8760 Eric Edmonds
Nina Pavcnik

Does Globalization Increase Child Labor? Evidence from Vietnam
w8756 Richard E. Baldwin
Frederic Robert-Nicoud

Entry and Asymmetric Lobbying: Why Governments Pick Losers
w8751 Douglas A. Irwin
Did Import Substitution Promote Growth in the Late Nineteenth Century?
w8739 Douglas A. Irwin
Interpreting the Tariff-Growth Correlation of the Late Nineteenth Century
w8728 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Outsourcing in a Global Economy
w8724 Jonathan E. Haskel
Sonia C. Pereira
Matthew J. Slaughter

Does Inward Foreign Direct Investment Boost the Productivity of Domestic Firms?
w8712 David Hummels
Peter J. Klenow

The Variety and Quality of a Nation's Trade
w8708 James E. Rauch
Joel Watson

Entrepreneurship in International Trade
w8704 Gene Grossman
Edwin L.-C. Lai

International Protection of Intellectual Property
w8698 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Dividend Policy inside the Firm
w8692 Douglas A. Irwin
The Welfare Cost of Autarky: Evidence from the Jeffersonian Trade Embargo, 1807-1809
w8689 Douglas A. Irwin
The Optimal Tax on Antebellum U.S. Cotton Exports
w8680 Lee Pinkowitz
Rene M. Stulz
Rohan Williamson

Corporate Governance and the Home Bias
w8675 James Harrigan
Specialization and the Volume of Trade: Do the Data Obey the Laws?
w8665 Robert E. Lipsey
Foreign Direct Investment and the Operations of Multinational Firms: Concepts, History, and Data
w8662 John Whalley
Puzzles Over International Taxation of Cross Border Flows of Capital Income
w8659 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka
Chi-Wa Yuen

Why International Equity Inflows to Emerging Markets are Inefficient and Small Relative to International Debt Flows
w8648 Douglas A. Irwin
Nina Pavcnik

Airbus versus Boeing Revisited: International Competition in the Aircraft Market
w8637 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

The Factor Content of Trade
w8631 Joshua Aizenman
Nancy Marion

The Merits of Horizontal versus Vertical FDI in the Presence of Uncertainty
w8629 Sanghamitra Das
Mark J. Roberts
James R. Tybout

Market Entry Costs, Producer Heterogeneity, and Export Dynamics
w8619 Laura L. Bivins
Kala Krishna

Transferability of Migration Licenses and the Distribution of Potential Rents
w8611 Shang-Jin Wei
Yi Wu

Globalization and Inequality: Evidence from Within China
w8596 Gregory Clark
Robert Feenstra

Technology in the Great Divergence
w8581 Robert E. Lipsey
Eric D. Ramstetter

Affiliate Activity in Japanese and U.S. Multinationals and Japanese Exports, 1986-1995
w8579 Ronald Findlay
Kevin H. O'Rourke

Commodity Market Integration, 1500-2000
w8576 Bruce A. Blonigen
Chad P. Bown

Antidumping and Retaliation Threats
w8575 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

Trade Protection and Wages: Evidence from the Colombian Trade Reforms
w8573 Wolfgang Keller
International Technology Diffusion
w8564 Jed Friedman
James Levinsohn

The Distributional Impacts of Indonesia's Financial Crisis on Household Welfare: A "Rapid Response" Methodology
w8558 Jeffrey R. Campbell
Beverly Lapham

Real Exchange Rate Fluctuations and the Dynamics of Retail Trade Industries on the U.S.-Canada Border
w8551 Raymond Fisman
Shang-Jin Wei

Tax Rates and Tax Evasion: Evidence from "Missing Imports" in China
w8543 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

What Role for Empirics in International Trade?
w8540 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

International Trade and the Environment: A Framework for Analysis
w8529 Sebastian Edwards
Exchange Rate Regimes, Capital Flows and Crisis Prevention
w8518 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Market Size, Linkages, and Productivity: A Study of Japanese Regions
w8517 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Bones, Bombs and Break Points: The Geography of Economic Activity
w8516 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Do Factor Endowments Matter for North-North Trade?
w8515 James E. Anderson
Eric van Wincoop

Borders, Trade and Welfare
w8507 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Repatriation Taxes and Dividend Distortions
w8492 Peter K. Schott
Do Rich and Poor Countries Specialize in a Different Mix of Goods? Evidence from Product-Level US Trade Data
w8477 Bruce A. Blonigen
Jee-Hyeong Park

Dynamic Pricing in the Presence of Antidumping Policy: Theory and Evidence
w8475 Marianne Baxter
Dorsey D. Farr

The Effects of Variable Capital Utilization on the Measurement and Properties of Sectoral Productivity: Some International Evidence
w8469 James E. Anderson
Oriana Bandiera

From Wild West to the Godfather: Enforcement Market Structure
w8468 David C. Parsley
Shang-Jin Wei

Limiting Currency Volatility to Stimulate Goods Market Integration: A Price Based Approach
w8465 Beata K. Smarzynska
Shang-Jin Wei

Pollution Havens and Foreign Direct Investment: Dirty Secret or Popular Myth?
w8461 Anna Maria Mayda
Dani Rodrik

Why Are Some People (and Countries) More Protectionist Than Others?
w8459 Michael A. Clemens
Jeffrey G. Williamson

A Tariff-Growth Paradox? Protection's Impact the World Around 1875-1997
w8450 Edward E. Leamer
Michael Storper

The Economic Geography of the Internet Age
w8446 Susan Chun Zhu
Daniel Trefler

Ginis in General Equilibrium: Trade, Technology and Southern Inequality
w8440 Mihir A. Desai
James R. Hines Jr.

Foreign Direct Investment in a World of Multiple Taxes
w8438 Ann E. Harrison
Margaret S. McMillan

Does Direct Foreign Investment Affect Domestic Firms' Credit Constraints?
w8433 Gordon H. Hanson
Raymond J. Mataloni
Matthew J. Slaughter

Expansion Strategies of U.S. Multinational Firms
w8424 Thomas J. Prusa
Susan Skeath

The Economic and Strategic Motives for Antidumping Filings
w8418 James R. Tybout
Plant- and Firm-Level Evidence on "New" Trade Theories
w8408 Ian W. McLean
Alan M. Taylor

Australian Growth: A California Perspective
w8402 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Frank Verboven

Market Integration and Convergence to the Law of One Price: Evidence from the European Car Market
w8400 Eckhard Janeba
Attracting FDI in a Politically Risky World
w8398 Bruce A. Blonigen
Thomas J. Prusa

w8396 Reuven Glick
Andrew K. Rose

Does a Currency Union Affect Trade? The Time Series Evidence
w8392 Marianne Baxter
Dorsey Farr

Variable Factor Utilization and International Business Cycles
w8372 Robert Feenstra
Gordon Hanson

Global Production Sharing and Rising Inequality: A Survey of Trade and Wages
w8364 Hans-Werner Sinn
Social Dumping in the Transformation Process?
w8349 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

Why Some Firms Export
w8348 Jim Levinsohn
Wendy Petropoulos

Creative Destruction or Just Plain Destruction?: The U.S. Textile and Apparel Industries since 1972
w8347 Ignatius J. Horstmann
James R. Markusen
Jack Robles

Multi-Issue Bargaining and Linked Agendas: Ricardo Revisited or No Pain No Gain
w8346 Mattias Ganslandt
James R. Markusen

Standards and Related Regulations in International Trade: A Modeling Approach
w8339 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Globalization and Inequality: Historical Trends
w8335 James R. Markusen
Keith E. Maskus

A Unified Approach to Intra-Industry Trade and Direct Foreign Investment
w8334 James R. Markusen
Keith E. Maskus

General-Equilibrium Approaches to the Multinational Firm: A Review of Theory and Evidence
w8327 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

Who Dies? International Trade, Market Structure, and Industrial Restructuring
w8304 Lisandro Abrego
Raymond Riezman
John Whalley

How Often Are Propositions on the Effects of Customs Unions Theoretical Curiosa and When Should They Guide Policy?
w8301 Antoni Estevadeordal
Alan M. Taylor

A Century of Missing Trade?
w8299 Robert E. Lipsey
Fredrik Sjoholm

Foreign Direct Investment and Wages in Indonesian Manufacturing
w8293 Daniel Trefler
The Long and Short of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement
w8279 Larry D. Qiu
Barbara J. Spencer

Keiretsu and Relationship-Specific Investment: Implications for Market-Opening Trade Policy
w8275 Sebastian Edwards
Does the Current Account Matter?
w8274 Sebastian Edwards
Dollarization and Economic Performance: An Empirical Investigation
w8254 Eckhard Janeba
Global Corporations and Local Politics: A Theory of Voter Backlash
w8244 Peter K. Schott
One Size Fits All? Heckscher-Ohlin Specialization in Global Production
w8228 Peter H. Lindert
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Does Globalization Make the World More Unequal?
w8194 Kristin J. Forbes
Are Trade Linkages Important Determinants of Country Vulnerability to Crises?
w8188 Yael S. Hadass
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Terms of Trade Shocks and Economic Performance 1870-1940: Prebisch and Singer Revisited
w8187 Shang-Jin Wei
Yi Wu

Negative Alchemy? Corruption, Composition of Capital Flows, and Currency Crises
w8186 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

After Columbus: Explaining the Global Trade Boom 1500-1800
w8169 Lisandro Abrego
Raymond Riezman
John Whalley

How Reasonable Are Assumptions Used in Theoretical Models?: Computational Evidence on the Likelihood of Trade Pattern Changes
w8150 Wolfgang Keller
The Geography and Channels of Diffusion at the World's Technology Frontier
w8137 Linda Goldberg
Joseph Tracy

Exchange Rates and Wages
w8130 Francesco Caselli
Wilbur John Coleman II

Cross-Country Technology Diffusion: The Case of Computers
w8124 Timothy J. Hatton
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Demographic and Economic Pressure on Emigration Out of Africa
w8112 Jonathan Haskel
Holger Wolf

The Law of One Price - A Case Study
w8088 Gordon H. Hanson
Robert C. Feenstra

Intermediaries in Entrepot Trade: Hong Kong Re-Exports of Chinese Goods
w8084 Robert E. Lipsey
Foreign Direct Investors in Three Financial Crises
w8079 James E. Anderson
Eric van Wincoop

Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle
w8070 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Trade in Capital Goods
w8068 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Peter K. Schott

Factor Price Equality and the Economies of the United States
w8046 Bruce A. Blonigen
Christopher J. Ellis
Dietrich Fausten

Industrial Groupings and Strategic FDI: Theory and Evidence
w8015 Lee Branstetter
Is Foreign Direct Investment a Channel of Knowledge Spillovers? Evidence from Japan's FDI in the United States
w8014 John W. Budd
Matthew J.Slaughter

Are Profits Shared Across Borders? Evidence on International Rent Sharing
w8013 Gordon H. Hanson
Scale Economies and the Geographic Concentration of Industry
w8012 Alan M. Taylor
A Century of Purchasing-Power Parity
w8010 Michael M. Knetter
Thomas J. Prusa

Macroeconomic Factors and Antidumping Filings: Evidence from Four Countries
w8009 Mihir A. Desai
James R. Hines Jr.

The Uneasy Marriage of Export Incentives and the Income Tax
w8005 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

w7998 Andrew B. Bernard
Meghan R. Busse

Who Wins the Olympic Games: Economic Development and Medal Totals
w7984 Julio J. Rotemberg
Commercial Policy with Altruistic Voters
w7969 Beata K. Smarzynska
Shang-Jin Wei

Corruption and Composition of Foreign Direct Investment: Firm-Level Evidence
w7962 Neil Gandal
Gordon H. Hanson
Matthew J. Slaughter

Technology, Trade, and Adjustment to Immigration in Israel
w7941 Werner Antweiler
Daniel Trefler

Increasing Returns and All That: A View From Trade
w7929 Bruce A. Blonigen
Ronald B. Davies

The Effects of Bilateral Tax Treaties on U.S. FDI Activity
w7914 Joshua Aizenman
Endogenous Pricing to Market and Financing Costs
w7899 Martin Feldstein
Aspects of Global Economic Intergration: Outlook for the Future
w7858 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Globalization of the Economy
w7857 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Andrew K. Rose

Estimating the Effect of Currency Unions on Trade and Output
w7852 Nina Pavcnik
Trade Liberalization, Exit, and Productivity Improvements: Evidence from Chilean Plants
w7848 James Harrigan
Egon Zakrajsek

Factor Supplies and Specialization in the World Economy
w7846 Nina Pavcnik
What Explains Skill Upgrading in Less Developed Countries?
w7836 David C. Parsley
Shang-Jin Wei

Explaining the Border Effect: The Role of Exchange Rate Variability, Shipping Costs, and Geography
w7825 Douglas A. Irwin
Peter Temin

The Antebellum Tariff on Cotton Textiles Revisited
w7822 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Strategic Trade, Competitive Industries and Agricultural Trade Disputes
w7819 James Levinsohn
Amil Petrin

Estimating Production Functions Using Inputs to Control for Unobservables
w7292 Robert E. Lipsey
Affiliates of U.S. and Japanese Multinationals in East Asian Production and Trade
w7810 Robert E. Lipsey
Interpreting Developed Countries' Foreign Direct Investment
w7784 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Land, Labor and Globalization in the Pre-Industrial Third World
w7777 Maurice Obstfeld
Kenneth Rogoff

The Six Major Puzzles in International Macroeconomics: Is There a Common Cause?
w7776 Bruce A. Blonigen
Tariff-Jumping Antidumping Duties
w7765 Shang-Jin Wei
Natural Openness and Good Government
w7745 Douglas A. Irwin
Marko Tervio

Does Trade Raise Income? Evidence from the Twentieth Century
w7743 Pierre-Richard Agenor
Joshua Aizenman

Savings and the Terms of Trade Under Borrowing Constraints
w7738 Joshua Aizenman
Ricardo Hausmann

Exchange Rate Regimes and Financial-Market Imperfections
w7094 Robert E. Lipsey
The Role of Foreign Direct Investment in International Capital Flows
w7702 James E. Anderson
Leslie Young

Trade Implies Law: The Power of the Weak
w7696 Madanmohan Ghosh
John Whalley

State-Owned Enterprises, Shirking and Trade Liberalization
w7693 Magnus Blomstrom
Denise Konan
Robert E. Lipsey

FDI in the Restructuring of the Japanese Economy
w7688 Andrew B. Bernard
Jonathan Eaton
J. Bradford Jenson
Samuel Kortum

Plants and Productivity in International Trade
w7674 Lisandro Abrego
John Whalley

Demand Side Considerations and the Trade and Wages Debate
w7671 James E. Rauch
Vitor Trindade

Information and Globalization: Wage Co-Movements, Labor Demand Elasticity, and Conventional Trade Liberalization
w7657 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Free Trade and Global Warming: A Trade Theory View of the Kyoto Protocol
w7642 Dan Ben-David
Ayal Kimhi

Trade and the Rate of Income Convergence
w7641 Douglas A. Irwin
Ohlin Versus Stolper-Samuelson?
w7640 Douglas A. Irwin
Could the U.S. Iron Industry Have Survived Free Trade After the Civil War?
w7639 Douglas A. Irwin
Tariffs and Growth in Late Nineteenth Century America
w7638 Douglas A. Irwin
How Did the United States Become a Net Exporter of Manufactured Goods?
w7632 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

When Did Globalization Begin?
w7624 Kala Krishna
Suddhasatwa Roy
Marie C. Thursby

Can Subsidies for MARs be Procompetitive?
w7623 Robert E. Lipsey
Eric D. Ramstetter
Magnus Blomstrom

Outward FDI and Parent Exports and Employment: Japan, the United States, and Sweden
w7577 Alan M. Taylor
Potential Pitfalls for the Purchasing-Power-Parity Puzzle? Sampling and Specification Biases in Mean-Reversion Tests of the Law of One Price
w7572 Barbara J. Spencer
Larry D. Qiu

Keiretsu and Relationship-Specific Investment: A Barrier to Trade?
w7545 Eli Berman
Zaur Rzakhanov

Fertility, Migration, and Altruism
w7539 Jonathan E. Haskel
Matthew J. Slaughter

Have Falling Tariffs and Transportation Costs Raised U.S. Wage Inequality?
w7536 Dongsheng Zhou
Barbara J. Spencer
Ilan Vertinsky

Strategic Trade Policy with Endogenous Choice of Quality and Asymmetric Costs
w7509 Wolfgang Keller
Geographic Localization of International Technology Diffusion
w7485 Eckhard Janeba
Trade, Income Inequality, and Government Policies: Redistribution of Income or Education Subsidies?
w7462 Marianne Baxter
Michael A. Kouparitsas

What Causes Fluctuations in the Terms of Trade?
hine00-1 James R. Hines

International Taxation and Multinational Activity
w7432 Andrew K. Rose
One Money, One Market: Estimating the Effect of Common Currencies on Trade
w7429 Anne O. Krueger
Trade Creation and Trade Diversion Under NAFTA
w7411 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

The Heckscher-Ohlin Model Between 1400 and 2000: When It Explained Factor Price Convergence, When It Did Not, and Why
w7404 Thomas J. Prusa
On the Spread and Impact of Antidumping
w7402 Eckhard Janeba
John D. Wilson

Tax Competition and Trade Protection
w7398 Joshua Aizenman
Capital Controls and Financial Crises
w7394 Alan M. Taylor
Latin America and Foreign Capital in the Twentieth Century: Economics, Politics, and Institutional Change
w7378 Bruce A. Blonigen
Stephen E. Haynes

Antidumping Investigations and the Pass-Through of Exchange Rates and Antidumping Duties
w7369 Wolfgang Keller
Arik Levinson

Environmental Compliance Costs and Foreign Direct Investment Inflows to U.S. States
w7357 Robert E. Lipsey
Foreign Production by U.S. Firms and Parent Firm Employment
w7340 Hylke Vandenbussche
Jozef Konings
Linda Springael

Import Diversion under European Antidumping Policy
w7336 Richard Portes
Helene Rey

The Determinants of Cross-Border Equity Flows
w7315 Gordon H. Hanson
Antonio Splimbergo

Political Economy, Sectoral Shocks, and Border Enforcement
w7312 Lisandro Abrego
John Whalley

The Choice of Structural Model in Trade-Wages Decompositions
w7293 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Domestic Policies, National Sovereignty and International Economic Institutions
w7278 Alessandra Casella
Tradable Deficit Permits: Efficient Implementation of the Stability Pacin the European Monetary Union
w7275 Bruce A. Blonigen
KaSaundra Tomlin

Size and Growth of Japanese Plants in the United States
w7274 David N. Figlio
Bruce A. Blonigen

The Effects of Direct Foreign Investment on Local Communities
w7264 Robert Z. Lawrence
David E. Weinstein

Trade and Growth: Import-Led or Export-Led? Evidence From Japan and Korea
w7224 Matthew Higgins
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Explaining Inequality the World Round: Cohort Size, Kuznets Curves, andOpenness
w7212 J. David Richardson
Chi Zhang

Revealing Comparative Advantage: Chaotic or Coherent Patterns Across Time and Sector and U.S. Trading Partner?
w7196 Linda S. Goldberg
Michael W. Klein

International Trade and Factor Mobility: An Empirical Investigation
w7195 Michael D. Bordo
Barry Eichengreen
Douglas A. Irwin

Is Globalization Today Really Different than Globalization a Hunderd Years Ago?
w7194 James Levinsohn
Steven Berry
Jed Friedman

Impacts of the Indonesian Economic Crisis: Price Changes and the Poor
w7189 James E. Rauch
Vitor Trindade

Ethnic Chinese Networks in International Trade
w7164 James R. Markusen
Keith E. Maskus

Discriminating Among Alternative Theories of the Multinational Enterprise
w7163 James R. Markusen
Keith E. Maskus

Multinational Firms: Reconciling Theory and Evidence
w7154 Bruce A. Blonigen
In Search of Substitution Between Foreign Production and Exports
w7153 Guillermo A. Calvo
Enrique G. Mendoza

Regional Contagion and the Globalization of Securities Markets
w7150 Dani Rodrik
Tanguy van Ypersele

Capital Mobility, Distributive Conflict, and International Tax Coordination
rogo99-1 Kenneth Rogoff and Charles Wyplosz
International Seminar on Macroeconomics 1998
w7146 Jeffrey G. Williamson
The Impact of Globalization on Pre-Industrial, Technologically Quiescent Economies
w7145 William J. Collins
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Capital Goods Prices, Global Capital Markets and Accumulation: 1870-1950
w7135 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

Exporting and Productivity
w7100 Lee G. Branstetter
Robert C. Feenstra

Trade and Foreign Direct Investment in China: A Political Economy Approach
w7093 Daniel Kaufmann
Shang-Jin Wei

Does "Grease Money" Speed Up the Wheels of Commerce?
w7081 Francisco Rodriguez
Dani Rodrik

Trade Policy and Economic Growth: A Skeptic's Guide to Cross-National Evidence
w7074 Gordon H. Hanson
Matthew J. Slaughter

The Rybczynski Theorem, Factor-Price Equalization, and Immigration: Evidence from U.S. States
w7071 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Multilateral Trade Negotiations, Bilateral Opportunism and the Rules of GATT
w7054 Gordon H. Hanson
Raymond Robertson
Antonio Spilimbergo

Does Border Enforcement Protect U.S. Workers from Illegal Immigration?
w7053 James E. Rauch
Joel Watson

Starting Small in an Unfamiliar Environment
w7043 Ann P. Bartel
Ann E. Harrison

Ownership versus Environment: Why are Public Sector Firms Inefficient?
w7040 Bruce A. Blonigen
Matthew J. Slaughter

Foreign-Affiliate Activity and U.S. Skill Upgrading
w7026 Paul R. Bergin
Robert C. Feenstra

Pricing to Market, Staggered Contracts, and Real Exchange Rate Persistence
w7019 Robert E. Baldwin
Inferring Relative Factor Price Changes from Quantitative Data
w7012 Subramanian Rangan
Robert Z. Lawrence

Search and Deliberation in International Exchange: Learning from Multinational Trade About Lags, Distance Effects, and Home Bias
w7008 Robert J. Shiller
Measuring Bubble Expectations and Investor Confidence
w7004 Joshua Aizenman
Stephen J. Turnovsky

Reserve Requirements on Sovereign Debt in the Presence of Moral Hazard -- on Debtors or Creditors?
w7000 James E. Anderson
Douglas Marcouiller

Trade, Insecurity, and Home Bias: An Empirical Investigation
w6990 Wolfgang Keller
How Trade Patterns and Technology Flows Affect Productivity Growth
w6981 James Harrigan
Rita Balaban

U.S. Wages in General Equilibrium: The Effects of Prices, Technology, and Factor Supplies, 1963-1991
w6986 Dobrin R. Kolev
Thomas J. Prusa

Dumping and Double Crossing: The (In)Effectiveness of Cost-Based Trade Policy Under Incomplete Information
w6985 Linda Goldberg
Joseph Tracy

Exchange Rates and Local Labor Markets
w6978 Jonathan Haskel
Matthew J. Slaughter

Trade, Technology and U.K. Wage Inequality
w6969 Michael M. Knetter
Matthew J. Slaughter

Measuring Product-Market Integration
w6959 Eduardo Engel
Poisoned Grapes, Mad Cow, and Protectionism
w6952 Kala Krishna
Torben Tranaes

Efficient Competition With Small Numbers -- With Applications to Privatisation and Mergers
w6946 Kenneth F. Scheve
Matthew J. Slaughter

Labor-Market Competition and Individual Preferences Over Immigration Policy
w6933 Ronald D. Fischer
Thomas J. Prusa

Contingent Protection as Better Insurance
w6923 Zadia Feliciano
Robert E. Lipsey

Foreign Ownership and Wages in the United States, 1987 - 1992
w6921 Richard E. Baldwin
The Core-Periphery Model with Forward-Looking Expectations
w6915 Ann Harrison
Gordon Hanson

Who Gains from Trade Reform? Some Remaining Puzzles
w6904 Richard E. Baldwin
Philippe Martin

Two Waves of Globalisation: Superficial Similarities, Fundamental Differences
w6901 Gene M. Grossman
Imperfect Labor Contracts and International Trade
w6899 Richard E. Baldwin
Rikard Forslid

The Core-Periphery Model and Endogenous Growth: Stabilising and De-Stabilising Integration
w6884 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka
Chi-Wa Yuen

An Information-Based Model of Foreign Direct Investment: The Gains from Trade Revisited
w6876 Robert E. Lipsey
The Location and Characteristics of U.S. Affiliates in Asia
w6870 James E. Anderson
J. Peter Neary

The Mercantilist Index of Trade Policy
w6861 Kala Krishna
Ataman Ozyildirim
Norman R. Swanson

Trade, Investment, and Growth: Nexus, Analysis, and Prognosis
w6857 Jiandong Ju
Kala Krishna

Firm Behavior and Market Access in a Free Trade Area with Rules of Origin
w6849 John Luke Gallup
Jeffrey D. Sachs
Andrew D. Mellinger

Geography and Economic Development
w6835 Dougas A. Irwin
Did Late Nineteenth Century U.S. Tariffs Promote Infant Industries? Evidence from the Tinplate Industry
w6818 Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg
Frank Verboven

The Evolution of Price Dispersion in the European Car Market
w6815 Jeffrey R. Bernstein
David E. Weinstein

Do Endowments Predict the Location of Production? Evidence from National and International Data
w6804 Robert C. Feenstra
James A. Markusen
Andrew K. Rose

Undertstanding the Home Market Effect and the Gravity Equation: The Role of Differentiating Goods
w6800 Sebastian Edwards
Capital Flows, Real Exchange Rates, and Capital Controls: Some Latin American Experiences
w6787 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Market Access, Economic Geography, and Comparative Advantage: An Empirical Assessment
w6785 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

An Account of Global Factor Trade
w6782 Pierre-Richard Agenor
Joshua Aizenman

Volatility and the Welfare Costs of Financial Market Integration
w6773 David L. Carr
James R. Markusen
Keith E. Maskus

Estimating the Knowledge-Capital Model of the Multinational Enterprise
w6752 Elhanan Helpman
The Structure of Foreign Trade
w6742 Shang-Jin Wei
Currency Hedging and Goods Trade
w6741 Gene M. Grossman
Giovanni Maggi

Diversity and Trade
w6720 Sadao Nagaoka
International Trade Aspects of Competition Policy
w6712 Keshab Bhattarai
John Whalley

The Division and Size of Gains from Liberalization of Service Networks
w6711 Giovanni Maggi
Andres Rodriguez-Clare

Import Peneteration and the Politics of Trade Protection
w6707 Werner Antweiler
Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Is Free Trade Good for the Environment?
w6700 Rui Albuquerque
Sergio Rebelo

On the Dynamics of Trade Reform
w6697 David K. Backus
Mario J. Crucini

Oil Prices and the Terms of Trade
w6688 Kimberly A. Clausing
The Impact of Transfer Pricing on Intrafirm Trade
w6668 Mary E. Lovely
J. David Richardson

Trade Flows and Wage Premiums: Does Who or What Matter?
w6628 James E. Rauch
Alessandra Casella

Overcoming Informational Barriers to International Resource Allocation: Prices and Group Ties
w6609 James Harrigan
International Trade and American Wages in General Equilibrium, 1967 - 1995
w6604 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

The Simple Economics of Labor Standards and the GATT
w6598 Robert C. Feenstra
Wen Hai
Wing T. Woo
Shunli Yao

The US-China Bilateral Trade Balance: Its Size and Determinants
w6591 Matthew J. Slaughter
What Are the Results of Product-Price Studies and What Can We Learn From Their Differences?
w6589 Elhanan Helpman
Torsten Persson

Lobbying and Legislative Bargaining
w6587 Gordon H. Hanson
North American Economic Integration and Industry Location
w6580 Kala Krishna
Tor Winston

A New Model of Quality
w6565 Jonathan E. Haskel
Matthew J. Slaughter

Does the Sector Bias of Skill-Biased Technical Change Explain Changing Wage Inequality?
w6562 Dani Rodrik
Trade Policy and Economic Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa
w6559 Maurice Obstfeld
The Global Capital Market: Benefactor or Menace?
w6558 Bee Yan Aw
Sukkyun Chung
Mark J. Roberts

Productivity and the Decision to Export: Micro Evidence from Taiwan and South Korea
w6557 Matthew J. Slaughter
International Trade and Per Capita Income Convergence: A Difference-in-Differences Analysis
w6538 Andrew B. Bernard
Joachim Wagner

Export Entry and Exit by German Firms
w6531 Kenneth F. Scheve
Matthew J. Slaughter

What Determines Individual Trade Policy Preferences?
w6529 Simon J. Evenett
Wolfgang Keller

On Theories Explaining the Success of the Gravity Equation
w6524 Joshua Aizenman
Privatization in Emerging Markets
w6510 Sebastian Edwards
Daniel Lederman

The Political Economy of Unilateral Trade Liberalization: The Case of Chile
w6483 Richard E. Baldwin
Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano

Multiproduct Multinationals and Reciprocal FDI Dumping
w6477 Richard E. Baldwin
Rikard Forslid

Incremental Trade and Endogenous Growth: A q-Theory Approach
w6461 Madanmohan Ghosh
Carlo Perroni
John Whalley

The Value of MFN Treatment
w6459 Richard E. Baldwin
Agglomeration and Endogenous Capital
w6458 Richard E. Baldwin
Philippe Martin
Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano

Global Income Divergence, Trade and Industrializatiion: The Geography of Growth Take-Offs
w6448 James R. Markusen
Contracts, Intellectual Property Rights, and Multinational Investment in Developing Countries
w6441 Sebastian Edwards
Capital Inflows into Latin America: A Stop-Go Story?
w6438 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

Understanding the U.S. Export Boom
w6429 Gordon H. Hanson
Market Potential, Increasing Returns, and Geographic Concentration
w6405 Robert E. Lipsey
Internationalized Production in Developed and Developing Countries and in Industry Sectors
w6404 Milka S. Kirova
Robert S. Lipsey

Measuring Real Investment: Trends in the United States and International Comparisons
w6150 Martin Feldstein
The Political Economy of the European Economic and Monetary Union: Political Sources of an Economic Liability
w6376 Robert E. Baldwin
Christopher S. Magee

Is Trade Policy for Sale? Congressional Voting on Recent Trade Bills
w6350 Dani Rodrik
Where Did All The Growth Go? External Shocks, Social Conflict, and Growth Collapses
w6344 Linda S. Goldberg
Michael W. Klein

Foreign Direct Investment, Trade and Real Exchange Rate Linkages in Developing Countries.
w6332 Changqi Wu
Leonard K. Cheng

Hong Kong's Business Regulation in Transition
w6327 Anne O. Krueger
Whither the World Bank and the IMF?
w6294 Jiandong Ju
Kala Krishna

Market Access and Welfare Effects of Piecemeal Policy Reform
w6272 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?
w6262 Matthew J. Slaughter
International Trade and Labor-Demand Elasticities
w6255 Shang-Jin Wei
Why is Corruption So Much More Taxing Than Tax? Arbitrariness Kills
w6253 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Technology and Bilateral Trade
w6241 James R. Markusen
Anthony J. Venables

Foreign Direct Investment as a Catalyst for Industrial Development
w6239 Douglas A. Irwin
Higher Tariffs, Lower Revenues? Analyzing the Fiscal Aspects of the "Great Tariff Debate of 1888"
w6232 James R. Markusen
Stephen Zahniser

Liberalization and Incentives for Labor Migration: Theory with Applications to NAFTA
w6231 James R. Markusen
Trade versus Investment Liberalization
w6223 James E. Anderson
Douglas Marcouiller

Trade and Security,I: Anarchy
w6216 Lisandro Abrego
Carlo Perroni
John Whalley
Randall M. Wigle

Trade and Environment: Bargaining Outcomes from Linked Negotiations
w6211 Gene M. Grossman
Giovanni Maggi

Free Trade vs. Strategic Trade: A Peek into Pandora's Box
w6209 Daniel Trefler
Immigrants and Natives in General Equilibrium Trade Models
w6205 Magnus Blomstrom
Gunnar Fors
Robert E. Lipsey

Foreign Direct Investment and Employment: Home Country Experience in the United States and Sweden
w6203 Kevin H. Zhang
James R. Markusen

Vertical Multinationals and Host-Country Characteristics
w6186 Alessandra Casella
James E. Rauch

Anonymous Market and Group Ties in International Trade
w6184 Kala Krishna
Suddhasatwa Roy
Marie Thursby

Procompetitive Market Access
w6181 James E. Anderson
Revenue Neutral Trade Reform with Many Households, Quotas and Tariffs
w6166 Eli Berman
John Bound
Stephen Machin

Implications of Skill-Biased Technological Change: International Evidence
w6163 Alberto Alesina
Enrico Spolaore
Romain Wacziarg

Economic Integration and Political Disintegration
w6152 Jiandong Ju
Kala Krishna

Evaluating Trade Reform Using Ex-Post Criteria
w6141 Dani Rodrik
What Drives Public Employment?
w6133 Donald R. Davis
Trevor A. Reeve

Human Capital, Unemployment, and Relative Wages in a Global Economy
w6131 Diana Weinhold
James Rauch

Openness, Specialization, and Productivity Growth in Less Developed Countries
w6123 Joshua Aizenman
Sang-Seung Yi

Controlled Openness and Foreign Direct Investment
w6121 James Harrigan
Estimation of Cross-Country Differences in Industry
w6116 James R. Hines

Taxed Avoidance: American Participation in Unsanctioned International Boycotts
w6113 Wolfgang Keller
Trade and Transmission of Technology
w6112 Douglas A. Irwin
Randall S. Kroszner

Interests, Institutions, and Ideology in the Republican Conversion to Trade Liberalization, 1934-1945
w6103 Matthew T. Jones
Maurice Obstfeld

Saving, Investment, and Gold: A Reassessment of Historical Current Account Data
w6101 Elhanan Helpman
R&D and Productivity: The International Connection
w6096 Dan Ben-David
David H. Papell

International Trade and Structural Change
w6095 Dan Ben-David
Michael B. Loewy

Free Trade, Growth, and Convergence
w6093 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Economic Geography and Reginal Production Structure: An Empirical Investigation
w6090 Dobrin R. Kolev
Thomas J. Prusa

Tariff Policy for a Monopolist Under Incomplete Information
w6089 Paul G. J. O'Connell
Shang-Jin Wei

"The Bigger They Are, The Harder They Fall": How Price Differences Across U.S. Cities Are Arbitraged
w6077 Henrik Horn
James Levinsohn

Merger Policies and Trade Liberalization
w6076 Donald R. Davis
The Home Market, Trade, and Industrial Structure
w6059 William J. Collins
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey Williamson

Were Trade and Factor Mobility Substitutes in History?
w6052 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Productivity Measurement and the Impact of Trade and Technology on Wages: Estimates for the U.S., 1972-1990
w6049 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

An Economic Theory of GATT
w6039 Robert E. Lipsey
Birgitta Swedenborg

Wage Dispersion and Country Price Levels
w6030 Shang-Jin Wei
How Taxing is Corruption on International Investors?
w6028 Robert C. Feenstra
Dorsati Madani
Tzu-Han Yang
Chi-Yuan Liang

Testing Endogenous Growth in South Korea and Taiwan
w6027 John F. Helliwell
National Borders, Trade and Migration
w6019 Magnus Blomstrom
Ari Kokko

Regional Integration and Foreign Direct Investment
w6006 James Brander
M. Scott Taylor

International Trade Between Consumer and Conservationist Countries
w5990 Robert C. Feenstra
U.S. Exports, 1972-1994: With State Exports and Other U.S. Data
w5978 Sebastian Edwards
Openness, Productivity and Growth: What Do We Really Know?
w5975 Robert C. Feenstra
Andrew K. Rose

Putting Things in Order: Patterns of Trade Dynamics and Growth
w5970 Raquel Fernandez
Returns to Regionalism: An Evaluation of Non-Traditional Gains from RTAs
w5960 Maurice Obstfeld
Alan M. Taylor

The Great Depression as a Watershed: International Capital Mobility over the Long Run
w5959 David A. Riker
S. Lael Brainard

U.S. Multinationals and Competition from Low Wage Countries
w5958 S. Lael Brainard
David A. Riker

Are U.S. Multinationals Exporting U.S. Jobs?
w5942 Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg
Giovanni Maggi

Protection for Sale: An Empirical Investigation
w5939 Holger C. Wolf
Patterns of Intra- and Inter-State Trade
w5934 Robert E. Baldwin
Glen G. Cain

Shifts in U.S. Relative Wages: The Role of Trade, Technology and Factor Endowments
w5932 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Reciprocity, Non-discrimination and Preferential Agreements in the Multilateral Trading System
w5923 James E. Anderson
The Uruguay Round and Welfare in Some Distorted Agricultural Economies
w5921 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Regionalism and Multilateral Tariff Cooperation
w5919 Jose Campa
Linda S. Goldberg

The Evolving External Orientation of Manufacturing Industries: Evidence from Four Countries
w5914 Dani Rodrik
TFPG Controversies, Institutions, and Economic Performance in East Asia
w5910 Robert C. Feenstra
Robert E. Lipsey
Harry P. Bowen

World Trade Flows, 1970-1992, with Production and Tariff Data
w5905 Dani Rodrik
Trade, Social Insurance, and the Limits to Globalization
w5898 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

A Simple Model of Trade, Capital Mobility, and the Environment
w5897 Matthew J. Slaughter
Per Capita Income Convergence and the Role of International Trade
w5896 Anne O. Krueger
Trade Policy and Economic Development: How We Learn
w5895 Douglas A. Irwin
From Smoot-Hawley to Reciprocal Trade Agreements: Changing the Course of U.S. Trade Policy in the 1930s
w5887 Robert C. Feenstra
Maria Yang
Gary G. Hamilton

Business Groups and Trade in East Asia: Part 2, Product Variety
w5886 Robert C. Feenstra
Deng-Shing Huang
Gary G. Hamilton

Business Groups and Trade in East Asia: Part 1, Networked Equilibria
w5878 Michael M. Knetter
The Segmentation of International Markets: Evidence from The Economist
w5862 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Michael M. Knetter

Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?
w5861 Simon Burgess
Michael M. Knetter

An International Comparison of Employment Adjustment to Exchange Rate Fluctuations
w5854 James E. Anderson
Effective Protection Redux
w5853 Alessandra Casella
Product Standards Coalitions in a Market Without Borders
w5841 Joshua Aizenman
Nancy P. Marion

Volatility and the Investment Response
w5827 James E. Anderson
Trade Reform with a Government Budget Constraint
w5825 Joshua Aizenman
New Activities, the Welfare Cost of Uncertainty and Investment Policies
w5808 James Levinsohn
Firm Heterogeneity, Jobs, and International Trade: Evidence from Chile
w5803 Edward E. Leamer
Effort, Wages and the International Division of Labor
w5800 Lee Branstetter
Are Knowledge Spillovers International or Intranational in Scope? Microeconometric Evidence from the Japan and the United States
w5794 Sebastian Edwards
A Tale of Two Crises: Chile and Mexico
w5768 John Whalley
Trade and Environment Beyond Singapore
w5732 Jeffrey A. Frankel
David Romer
Teresa Cyrus

Trade and Growth in East Asian Countries: Cause and Effect?
w5722 James Harrigan
Technology, Factor Supplies and International Specialization: Estimating the Neoclassical Model
w5715 Sofronis Clerides
Saul Lach
James Tybout

Is "Learning-by-Exporting" Important? Micro-Dynamic Evidence from Colombia, Mexico and Morocco
w5706 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Does Economic Geography Matter for International Specialization?
w5702 Kym Anderson
Social Policy Dimensions of Economic Integration: Environmental and Labour Standards
w5700 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Andrew K. Rose

The Endogeneity of the Optimum Currency Area Criteria
w5697 Kiminori Matsuyama
Why Are There Rich and Poor Countries? Symmetry-Breaking in the World Economy
w5696 James R. Markusen
Anthony J. Venables
Denise Eby Konan
Kevin H. Zhang

A Unified Treatment of Horizontal Direct Investment, Vertical Direct Investment, and the Pattern of Trade in Goods and Services
w5695 Barbara J. Spencer
Quota Licenses for Imported Capital Equipment: Could Bureaucrats Ever DoBetter than the Market?
w5693 Donald R. Davis
Trade Liberalization and Income Distribution
w5680 Kala Krishna
John Morgan

Implementing Results-Oriented Trade Policies: The Case of the US-Japanese Auto Parts Dispute
w5670 Fukunari Kimura
Robert E. Baldwin

Application of Nationality-Adjusted Net Sales and Value Added Framework: The Case of Japan
w5665 Douglas A. Irwin
Changes in U.S. Tariffs: Prices or Policies?
w5636 Donald R. Davis
Technology, Unemployment, and Relative Wages in a Global Economy
w5633 Robert Z. Lawrence
Carolyn L. Evans

Trade and Wages: Insights from the Crystal Ball
w5628 Tamim Bayoumi
David T. Coe
Elhanan Helpman

R&D Spillovers and Global Growth
w5625 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein
Scott C. Bradford
Kazushige Shimpo

The Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek Model of Trade: Why Does It Fail? When Does It Work?
w5621 John T. Addison
Douglas A. Fox
Christopher J. Ruhm

Trade Sensitivity, Technology, and Labor Displacement
w5620 Donald R. Davis
Does European Unemployment Prop up American Wages?
w5618 James E. Rauch
Trade and Search: Social Capital, Sogo Shosha, and Spillovers
w5617 James E. Rauch
Networks versus Markets in International Trade
w5612 David E. Weinstein
Foreign Direct Investment and Keiretsu: Rethinking U.S. and Japanese Policy
w5595 K.C. Fung
Accounting for Chinese Trade: Some National and Regional Considerations
w5593 Kala Krishna
Suddhasatwa Roy
Marie Thursby

Implementing Market Access
w5592 Gordon H. Hanson
Antonio Spilimbergo

Illegal Immigration, Border Enforcement, and Relative Wages: Evidence from Apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico Border
w5589 James R. Hines

Tax Policy and the Activities of Multinational Corporations
w5582 Richard E. Baldwin
Elena Seghezza

Trade-Induced Investment-led Growth
w5574 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Strategic Export Subsidies and Reciprocal Trade Agreements: The Natural Monopoly Case
w5565 Barry Eichengreen
Douglas A. Irwin

The Role of History in Bilateral Trade Flows
w5560 Matthew Higgins
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Asian Demography and Foreign Capital Dependence
w5559 W. Erwin Diewert
Axiomatic and Economic Approaches to International Comparisons
w5558 Joshua Aizenman
Michael Gavin
Ricardo Hausmann

Optimal Tax and Debt Policy with Endogenously Imperfect Creditworthiness
w5552 John Whalley
Why Do Countries Seek Regional Trade Agreements?
w5549 Richard E. Baldwin
Rikard Forslid

Trade Liberalization and Endogenous Growth: A q-Theory Approach
w5537 Dani Rodrik
Why Do More Open Economies Have Bigger Governments?
w5531 Shang-Jin Wei
Intra-National versus International Trade: How Stubborn are Nations in Global Integration?
w5529 James R. Markusen
Anthony J. Venables

The Theory of Endowment, Intra-Industry, and Multinational Trade
w5526 John Mutti
Harry Grubert

The Significance of International Tax Rules for Sourcing Income: The Relationship Between Income Taxes and Trade Taxes
w5516 Robert E. Baldwin
Fukunari Kimura

Measuring U.S. International Goods and Services Transactions
w5515 Robert C. Feenstra
U.S. Imports, 1972-1994: Data and Concordances
w5510 Douglas A. Irwin
Randall S. Kroszner

Log-Rolling and Economic Interests in the Passage of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff
w5509 Douglas A. Irwin
The Smoot-Hawley Tariff: A Quantitative Assessment
w5495 Deborah L. Swenson
Explaining Domestic Content: Evidence from Japanese and U.S. Auto Production in the U.S.
w5491 Jeffrey G. Williamson
"Globalization and Inequality Past and Present"
w5490 James R. Markusen
Costly Pollution Abatement, Competitiveness, and Plant Location Decisions
w5488 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Reciprocal Trade Liberalization
w5484 Kala Krishna
Ling Hui Tan

Transferable Licenses vs. Nontransferable Licenses: What is the Difference?
w5483 James R. Markusen
Anthony J. Venables

Multinational Production, Skilled Labor and Real Wages
w5480 Jiandong Ju
Kala Krishna

Market Access and Welfare Effects of Free Trade Areas without Rules of Origin
w5475 Bruce A. Blonigen
Robert C. Feenstra

Protectionist Threats and Foreign Direct Investment
w5474 James A. Brander
M. Scott Taylor

Open Access Renewable Resources: Trade and Trade Policy in a Two-CountryModel
w5473 Paul Krugman
Domestic Distortions and the Deindustrialization Hypothesis
w5470 John F. Helliwell
Economic Growth and Social Capital in Asia
w5458 Jota Ishikawa
Barbara J. Spencer

Rent-Shifting Export Subsidies with an Imported Intermediate Product
w5457 Jonathan Eaton
Akiko Tamura

Japanese and U.S. Exports and Investment as Conduits of Growth
w5448 Edward E. Leamer
What's the Use of Factor Contents?
rogo96-1 Kenneth Rogoff and Charles Wyplosz

International Seminar on Macroeconomics 1995
w5440 Thomas J. Prusa
The Trade Effects of U.S. Antidumping Actions
w5431 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Ernesto Stein
Shang-Jin Wei

Regional Trading Arrangement: Natural or Super-Natural?
w5427 Edward E. Leamer
In Search of Stolper-Samuelson Effects on U.S. Wages
w5425 Gordon H. Hanson
U.S.-Mexico Integration and Regional Economies: Evidence from Border- City Pairs
w5424 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Globalization, Outsourcing, and Wage Inequality
w5421 Carsten Kowalczyk
Donald Davis

Tariff Phase-Outs: Theory and Evidence from GATT and NAFTA
w5417 Pierre-Richard Agenor
Joshua Aizenman

Wage Dispersion and Technical Progress
w5416 Richard E. Baldwin
Elena Seghezza

Testing for Trade-Induced Investment-Led Growth
w5415 Kala Krishna
Marie Thursby

Whither Flat Panel Displays?
w5400 Gordon H. Hanson
The Effects of Offshore Assembly on Industry Location: Evidence from U.S. Border Cities
w5395 Charles Engel
John H. Rogers

Regional Patterns in the Law of One Price: The Roles of Geography vs. Currencies
w5386 Joshua Aizenman
Nancy Marion

Volatility, Investment and Disappointment Aversion
w5385 Robert E. Lipsey
Magnus Blomstrom
Eric Ramstetter

Internationalized Production in World Output
w5365 Alessandra Casella
Large Countries, Small Countries, and the Enlargement of Trade Blocs
w5364 Richard E. Baldwin
Rikard Forslid
Jan Haaland

Investment Creation and Investment Diversion: Simulation Analysis of theSingle Market Programme
w5361 Joshua Aizenman
Optimal Buffer Stocks and Precautionary Savings with Disappointment Aversion
w5359 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Michael M. Knetter

Causes and Consequences of the Export Enhancement Program for Wheat
w5355 Paul Krugman
Technology, Trade, and Factor Prices
w5349 James Levinsohn
CARWARS: Trying to Make Sense of U.S.-Japan Trade Frictions in the Automobile and Automobile Parts Markets
w5341 Yujiro Hayami
Yoshihisa Godo

Economics and Politics of Rice Policy in Japan: A Perspective on the Uruguay Round
w5339 Dani Rodrik
Trade Strategy, Investment, and Exports: Another Look at East Asia
w5325 Junichi Goto
Koichi Hamada

EU, NAFTA, and Asian Responses: A Perspective from the Calculus of Participation
w5324 Tain-Jy Chen
Meng-chun Liu

Bilateral Negotiations and Multilateral Trade: The Case of Taiwan-U.S. Trade Talks
w5322 Aaron Tornell
Gerardo Esquivel

The Political Economy of Mexico's Entry to NAFTA
w5309 Elhanan Helpman
Politics and Trade Policy
w5303 Matthew J. Slaughter
The Antebellum Transportation Revolution and Factor-Price Convergence
w5285 Maurice Obstfeld
Models of Currency Crises with Self-Fulfilling Features
w5283 Tamim Bayoumi
Barry Eichengreen

Is Regionalism Simply a Diversion? Evidence From the Evolution of the EC and EFTA
w5272 Shang-Jin Wei
Jeffrey A. Frankel

Open Regionalism in a World of Continental Trade Blocs
w5255 Robert E. Lipsey
Trade and Production Networks of U.S. MNCs and Exports by Their Asian Affiliates
w5253 Matthew J. Slaughter
Multinational Corporations, Outsourcing, and American Wage Divergence
w5242 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Trade, Spatial Separation, and the Environment
w5241 Joshua Aizenman
Capital Markets Integration, Volatility and Persistence
w5235 Steven Berry
James Levinsohn
Ariel Pakes

Voluntary Export Restraints on Automobiles: Evaluating a Strategic TradePolicy
w5226 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Michael M. Knetter

Measuring the Intensity of Competition in Export Markets
w5225 Ann Harrison
Ana Revenga

The Effects of Trade Policy Reform: What Do We Really Know?
w5221 Ann Harrison
Openness and Growth: A Time-Series, Cross-Country Analysis for Developing Countries
w5220 Paul Krugman
Anthony J. Venables

The Seamless World: A Spatial Model of International Specialization
w5215 John F. Helliwell
Do National Borders Matter for Quebec's Trade?
w5207 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Engines of Growth: Domestic and Foreign Sources of Innovation
w5196 James E. Rauch
Choosing a Dictator: Bureaucracy and Welfare in Less Developed Polities
w5174 David E. Bloom
Waseen Noor

Is an Integrated Regional Labor Market Emergin in East and Southeast Asia?
w5170 Douglas A. Irwin
Industry or Class Cleavages over Trade Policy? Evidence from the BritishGeneral Election of 1923
w5168 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Protection and the Business Cycle
w5160 Dani Rodrik
Why is there Multilateral Lending?
w5139 Jose Campa
Linda S. Goldberg

Investment, Pass-Through and Exchange Rates: A Cross-Country Comparison
w5137 William T. Dickens
Do Labor Rents Justify Strategic Trade and Industrial Policy?
w5132 Kenneth A. Froot
Michael Kim
Kenneth Rogoff

The Law of One Price Over 700 Years
w5131 Jonathan Eaton
Raquel Fernandez

Sovereign Debt
w5122 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Foreign Direct Investment and Relative Wages: Evidence from Mexico's Maquiladoras
w5121 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Foreign Investment, Outsourcing and Relative Wages
w5114 Edward E. Leamer
Per Lundborg

A Heckscher-Ohlin View of Sweden Competing in the Global Market
w5110 Gordon H. Hanson
Ann Harrison

Trade, Technology, and Wage Inequality
w5102 Brian Aitken
Ann Harrison
Robert E. Lipsey

Wages and Foreign Ownership: A Comparative Study of Mexico, Venezuela and the United States
w5098 Paul Krugman
Anthony J. Venables

Globalization and the Inequality of Nations
w5097 Sebastian Edwards
Why are Saving Rates so Different Across Countries?: An International Comparative Analysis
w5094 J. David Richardson
Pamela J. Smith

Sectoral Growth Across U.S. States: Factor Content, Linkages, and Trade
w5084 Anne O. Krueger
Free Trade Agreements versus Customs Unions
w5063 Reiko Aoki
Thomas J. Prusa

Product Development and the Timing of Information Disclosure under U.S.and Japanese Patent Systems
w5062 Wendy L. Hansen
Thomas J. Prusa

Cumulation and ITC Decision-Making: The Sum of the Parts is Greater thanthe Whole
w5060 Jong-Wha Lee
Government Interventions and Productivity Growth in Korean ManufacturingIndustries
w5057 Eduardo Borensztein
Jose De Gregorio
Jong-Wha Lee

How Does Foreign Direct Investment Affect Economic Growth?
w5051 Robert C. Feenstra
Estimating the Effects of Trade Policy
w5049 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Trade in Ideas: Patenting and Productivity in the OECD
w5048 David T. Coe
Elhanan Helpman
Alexander Hoffmaister

North-South R&D Spillovers
w4758 Jonathan Eaton
Akiko Tamura

Bilateralism and Regionalism in Japanese and U.S. Trade and Direct Foreign Investment Patterns
w5041 Joshua Aizenman
Investment in New Activities and the Welfare Cost of Uncertainty
w5037 Robert E. Baldwin
The Effects of Trade and Foreign Direct Investment on Employment and Relative Wages
w5036 James R. Markusen
Anthony J. Venables

Multinational Firms and The New Trade Theory
w5029 Ignatius J. Horstmann
James R. Markusen

Exploring New Markets: Direct Investment, Contractual Relations and the Multinational Enterprise
w5021 James A. Brander
M. Scott Taylor

International Trade and Open Access Renewable Resources: The Small Open Economy Case
w5020 James A. Brander
Strategic Trade Policy
w4999 Kala Krishna
The Adding Up Problem: A Targeting Approach
w4983 Kala Krishna
Anne Krueger

Implementing Free Trade Areas: Rules of Origin and Hidden Protection
w4974 Douglas A. Irwin
Peter J. Klenow

High Tech R&D Subsidies: Estimating the Effects of Sematech
w4972 James Levinsohn
Competition Policy and International Trade
w4967 Brian Aitken
Gordon H. Hanson
Ann E. Harrison

Spillovers, Foreign Investment, and Export Behavior
w4964 Dani Rodrik
Getting Interventions Right: How South Korea and Taiwan Grew Rich
w4962 Robert W. Staiger
International Rules and Institutions for Trade Policy
w4952 Kenneth A. Froot
Kenneth Rogoff

Perspectives on PPP and Long-Run Real Exchange Rates
w4944 Douglas A. Irwin
The GATT's Contribution to Economic Recovery in Post-War Western Europe
w4940 Edward E. Leamer
James Levinsohn

International Trade Theory: The Evidence
w4932 James R. Hines

Taxes, Technology Transfer, and the R&D Activities of Multinational Firms
w4931 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

International Patenting and Technology Diffusion
w4927 Robert E. Lipsey
Foreign-Owned Firms and U.S. Wages
w4926 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Technology and Trade
w4924 Kenneth A. Froot
James R. Hines

Interest Allocation Rules, Financing Patterns, and the Operations of U.S. Multinationals
w4902 Joel Slemrod
Free-Trade Taxation and Protectionist Taxation
w4894 Michael M. Knetter
Why are Retail Prices in Japan so High?: Evidence from German Export Prices
w4893 Maurice Obstfeld
Kenneth Rogoff

The Intertemporal Approach to the Current Account
w4892 Alan M. Taylor
Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows Reconsidered
w4878 Keith Head
John C. Ries
Deborah L. Swenson

The Attraction of Foreign Manufacturing Investments: Investment Promotion and Agglomeration Economies
w4877 Gene Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Electoral Competition and Special Interest Politics
w4876 Gene Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Foreign Investment with Endogenous Protection
h0060 Alan M. Taylor
Three Phases of Argentine Economic Growth
w4870 Dani Rodrik
What Does the Political Economy Literature on Trade Policy (Not) Tell UsThat We Ought To Know?
w4869 Harry Grubert
Joel Slemrod

The Effect of Taxes on Investment and Income Shifting to Puerto Rico
w4867 Joel Slemrod
Carl Hansen
Roger Procter

The Seesaw Principle in International Tax Policy
w4851 Martin Feldstein
Tax Policy and International Capital Flows
w4849 Jonathan Eaton
Maxim Engers

Threats and Promises
w4847 K.C. Fung
Robert W. Staiger

Trade Liberalization and Trade Adjustment Assistance
w4846 Robert W. Staiger
Frank A. Wolak

Differences in the Uses and Effects of Antidumping Law Across Import Sources
w4842 Robert C. Feenstra
Jon D. Kendall

Passthrough of Exchange Rates and Purchasing Power Parity
w4841 Robert C. Feenstra
Clinton R. Shiells

Bias in U.S. Import Prices and Demand
w4837 Joshua Aizenman
Ricardo Hausmann

Why is Inflation Skewed? A Debt and Volatility Story
w4836 Robert Z. Lawrence
Trade, Multinationals, & Labor
w4816 Eric Hutton
John Whalley

Reference Point Dependence for Specification Bias from Quality Upgrading
w4806 Atish R. Ghosh
Holger C. Wolf

Pricing in International Markets: Lessons From The Economist
w4804 Ruth R. Raubitschek
Barbara J. Spencer

High-Cost Domestic Joint Ventures and International Competition: Do Domestic Firms Gain?
w4799 Jong-Wha Lee
Phillip Swagel

Trade Barriers and Trade Flows across Countries and Industries
w4796 Roger H. Gordon
A. Lans Bovenberg

Why is Capital so Immobile Internationally?: Possible Explanations and Implications for Capital Income Taxation
w4790 David Orden
Agricultural Interest Groups and the North American Free Trade Agreement
w4781 Robert Dekle
Jonathan Eaton

Agglomeration and the Price of Land: Evidence from the Prefectures
w4772 Sebastian Edwards
Trade and Industrial Policy Reform in Latin America
w4769 Pierre-Richard Agenor
Joshua Aizenman

Macroeconomic Adjustment with Segmented Labor Markets
w4767 Keith Head
John Ries
Deborah Swenson

Agglomeration Benefits and Location Choice: Evidence from Japanese Manufacturing Investment in the United States
w4763 Marie C. Thursby
Jerry G. Thursby

Interstate Cigarette Bootlegging: Extent, Revenue Losses, and Effects of Government Intervention
w4760 Michael O. Moore
Steel Protection in the 1980s: The Waning Influence of Big Steel?
w4753 Edward E. Leamer
American Regionalism and Global Free Trade
w4751 J. Michael Finger
Ann Harrison

The MFA Paradox: More Protection and More Trade?
w4749 Joseph P. Kalt
Precedent and Legal Argument in U.S. Trade Policy: Do They Matter To The Political Economy of the Lumber Dispute?
w4747 Bruce L. Gardner
The Political Economy of U.S. Export Subsidies for Wheat
w4746 Douglas R. Nelson
The Political-Economy of U.S. Automobile Protection
w4745 Douglas A. Irwin
Trade Politics and the Semiconductor Industry
w4744 Gordon H. Hanson
Localization Economies, Vertical Organization and Trade
w4738 David C. Parsley
Shang-Jin Wei

Insignificant and Inconsequential Hysteresis: The Case of the U.S. Bilateral Trade
w4725 Jong-Wha Lee
Capital Goods Imports and Long-Run Growth
w4716 Edward E. Leamer
Trade, Wages and Revolving Door Ideas
w4713 Gordon H. Hanson
Regional Adjustment to Trade Liberalization
w4712 Rosanne Altshuler
Jack Mintz

U.S. Interest Allocation Rules: Effects and Policy
w4710 Robert E. Lipsey
U.S. Foreign Trade and the Balance of Payments, 1800-1913
w4697 Sebastian Edwards
Macroeconomic Stabilization in Latin America: Recent Experience and Some Sequencing Issues
w4696 Robert W. Staiger
Frank A. Wolak

Measuring Industry Specific Protection: Antidumping in the United States
w4691 Robert E. Lipsey
Outward Direct Investment and the U.S. Economy
w4686 Jonathan Eaton
Cross-Border Banking
w4683 Joshua Aizenman
Foreign Direct Investment, Employment Volatility and Cyclical Dumping
w4680 Alwyn Young
The Tyranny of Numbers: Confronting the Statistical Realities of the East Asian Growth Experience
w4671 Robert E. Lipsey
Quality Change and other Influences on Measures of Export Prices of Manufactured Goods and the Terms of Trade between Primary Products and Manufacture
w4668 Martin Feldstein
The Effects of Outbound Foreign Direct Investment on the Domestic Capital Stock
w4634 Gene M. Grossman
Alan B. Krueger

Economic Growth and the Environment
w4659 James E. Rauch
Balanced and Unbalanced Growth
w4639 Magnus Blomstrom
Ari Kokko

Home Country Effects of Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence from Sweden
w4628 Ramon L. Clarete
Irene Trela
John Whalley

Evaluating Labour Adjustment Costs from Trade Shocks: Illustrations for the U.S. Economy Using an Applied General Equilibrium Model With Transactions
w4626 Carlo Perroni
John Whalley

The New Regionalism: Trade Liberalization or Insurance?
w4620 Robert W. Staiger
A Theory of Gradual Trade Liberalization
w4616 Paul Krugman
Fluctuations, Instability, and Agglomeration
w4615 Kala Krishna
Marie Thursby

Structural Flexibility: A Partial Ordering
w4612 Jonathan Eaton
Zvi Eckstein

Cities and Growth: Theory and Evidence from France and Japan
w4611 Linda L. Tesar
Ingrid M. Werner

International Equity Transactions and U.S. Portfolio Choice
w4606 S. Lael Brainard
Thierry Verdier

The Political Economy of Declining Industries: Senescent Industry Collapse Revisited
w4602 Shang-Jin Wei
Open Door Policy and China's Rapid Growth: Evidence from City-level Data
w4597 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

The Politics of Free Trade Agreements
w4588 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Ernesto Stein
Shang-Jin Wei

Continental Trading Blocs: Are They Natural, or Super-Natural?
w4587 John Y. Campbell
Kenneth A. Froot

International Experiences with Securities Transaction Taxes
w4583 S. Lael Brainard
An Empirical Assessment of the Factor Proportions Explanation of Multi-National Sales
w4580 S. Lael Brainard
An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Tradeoff between Multinational Sales and Trade
w4567 Dani Rodrik
Taking Trade Policy Seriously: Export Subsidization as a Case Study in Policy Effectiveness
w4563 Elise S. Brezis
Paul Krugman

Immigration, Investment and Real Wages
w4561 Elise Brezis
Paul Krugman

Technology and the Life Cycle of Cities
w4559 Paul Krugman
Anthony Venables

Integration, Specialization, and the Adjustment
w4555 Robert E. Lipsey
Birgitta Swedenborg

The High Cost of Eating: Agricultural Protection and International Differences in Consumer Food Prices
w4543 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Multilateral Tariff Cooperation during the Formation of Customs Unions
w4536 Robert C. Feenstra
Tzu-Han Yang
Gary G. Hamilton

Market Structure and International Trade: Business Groups in East Asia
w4534 Maurice Obstfeld
International Capital Mobility in the 1990s
w4513 James R. Markusen
Thomas F. Rutherford

Discrete Plant-Location Decisions in an Applied General-Equilibrium Model of Trade Liberalization
w4512 Florencio Lopez-de-Silane
James R. Markusen
Thomas F. Rutherford

Anti-Competitive and Rent-Shifting Aspects of Domestic-Content Provisions in Regional Trade Blocks
w4511 Sebastian Edwards
Trade Policy, Exchange Rates and Growth
w4500 Philip L. Brock
Stephen J. Turnovsky

The Dependent Economy Model with Both Traded and Non-Traded Capital Goods
w4484 Kiminori Matsuyama
Takaaki Takahashi

Self-Defeating Regional Concentration
w4478 Paul Krugman
Robert Lawrence

Trade, Jobs, and Wages
w4465 Richard Baldwin
A Domino Theory of Regionalism
w4451 Dani Rodrik
Do Low-Income Countries have a High-Wage Option?
w4445 Barry Eichengreen
Douglas A. Irwin

Trade Blocs, Currency Blocs and the Disintegration of World Trade in the 1930s
w4444 David T. Coe
Elhanan Helpman

International R&D Spillovers
w4437 Richard H. Clarida
Permanent Income, Import Prices, and the Demand for Imported Consumer Durbales: A Structural Econometric Investigation
w4436 Magnus Blomstrom
Robert E. Lipsey
Mario Zejan

Is Fixed Investment the Key to Economic Growth?
w4433 Magnus Blomstrom
Edward N. Wolff

Growth in a Dual Economy
w4419 Dani Rodrik
Trade Liberalization in Disinflation
w4417 Dani Rodrik
Trade and Industrial Policy Reform in Developing Countries: A Review of Recent Theory and Evidence
w4401 Robert C. Feenstra
Measuring the Welfare Effect of Quality Change: Theory and Application of Japanese Autos
w4399 Robert C. Feenstra
Joseph E. Gagnon
Michael M. Knetter

Market Share and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in World Automobile Trade
w4389 David Hummels
James Levinsohn

Monopolistic Competition and International Trade: Reconsidering the Evidence
w4378 Jose Campa
Linda S. Goldberg

Investment in Manufacturing, Exchange-Rates and External Exposure
w4366 Joshua Aizenman
Peter Isard

Resource Allocation During the Transition to a Market Economy: Political Implications of Supply Bottlenecks and Adjustment Costs
w4364 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Multilateral Tarriff Cooperation During the Formation of Regional Free Trade Areas
w4355 Kenneth A. Froot
Currency Hedging over Long Horizons
w4352 Anne O. Krueger
Free Trade Agreements as Protectionist Devices: Rules of Origin
w4351 Anne O. Krueger
Roderick Duncan

The Political Economy of Controls: Complexity
w4343 Carsten Kowalczyk
Tomas Sjostrom

Bringing GATT into the Core
w4335 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Shang-Jin Wei

Emerging Currency Blocs
w4331 Edward E. Leamer
Chauncey J. Medberry

U.S. Manufacturing and an Emerging Mexico
w4325 Martin Feldstein
The Dollar and the Trade Deficit in the 1980s: A Personal View
w4312 James E. Rauch
Does History Matter Only When it Matters Little? The Case of City-Indu try Location
w4289 Magnus Blomstrom
Ari Kokko

Policies to Encourage Inflows of Technology Through Foreign Multinationals
w4282 Robert E. Baldwin
Jeffrey W. Steagall

An Analysis of Factors Influencing ITC Decisions in Antidumoing, Countervailing Duty and Safeguard Cases
w4280 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Trade Wars and Trade Talks
w4269 S. Lael Brainard
A Simple Theory of Multinational Corporations and Trade with a Trade-Off Between Proximity and Concentration
w4266 David E. Bloom
Adi Brender

Labor and the Emerging World Economy
w4248 Douglas Holtz-Eakin
Thomas M. Selden

Stoking the Fires? Co2 Emissions and Economic Growth
w4246 Sebastian Edwards
Exchange Rates as Nominal Anchors
w4243 David K. Backus
Patrick J. Kehoe
Finn E. Kydland

Relative Price Movements in Dynamic General Equilibrium Models of International Trade
w4238 Raul Livas Elizondo
Paul Krugman

Trade Policy and the Third World Metropolis
w4237 Kala Krishna
Ling Hui Tan

License Price Paths: I. Theory II. Evidence from Hong Kong
w4231 Charles Engel
Real Exchange Rates and Relative Prices: An Empirical Investigation
w4230 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

International Migration and International Trade
w4226 John F. Helliwell
Trade and Technical Progress
w4225 Melvyn Fuss
Steven Murphy
Leonard Waverman

The State of the North American and Japanese Motor Vehicle Industries: A Partially Calibrated Model to Examine the Impacts of Trade Policy Changes
w4220 Willem H. Buiter
Kenneth M. Kletzer

Permanent International Productivity Growth Differentials in an Integrated Global Economy
w4219 Paul Krugman
A Dynamic Spatial Model
w4198 Carsten Kowalczyk
Ronald J. Wonnacott

Hubs and Spokes, and Free Trade in the Americas
w4192 Michael W. Klein
Eric Rosengren

The Real Exchange Rate and Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: Relative Wealth vs. Relative Wage Effects
w4191 James R. Hines Jr.
Credit and Deferral as International Investment Incentives
w4179 Florencio Lopez-de-Silane
James R. Markusen
Thomas F. Rutherford

Complementarity and Increasing Returns in Intermediate Inputs: A Theoretical and Applied General-Equilibrium Analysis
w4178 J. Vernon Henderson
Ari Kuncoro
Matthew Turner

Industrial Development in Cities
w4173 Alberto Alesina
Sule Ozler
Nouriel Roubini
Phillip Swagel

Political Instability and Economic Growth
w4170 Michael M. Knetter
Is Price Adjustment Asymmetric?: Evaluating the Market Share and Marketing Bottlenecks Hypothesis
w4152 Steven Berry
Vittorio Grilli
F. Lopez-de-Silanes

The Automobile Industry and The Mexico-Us Free Trade Agreement
w4151 Michael M. Knetter
Exchange Rates and Corporate Pricing Strategies
w4149 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Protection For Sale
w4140 Reuven Glick
Kenneth Rogoff

Global Versus Country-Specific Productivity Shocks and the Current Account
w4136 Alessandra Casella
Arbitration in International Trade
w4132 Magnus Blomstrom
Robert E. Lipsey
Mario Zejan

What Explains Developing Country Growth?
w4131 Magnus Blomstrom
Ari Kokko
Mario Zejan

Host Country Competition and Technology Transfer by Multinationals
w4124 Robert E. Lipsey
Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S.: Changes Over Three Decades
w4123 Joseph E. Gagnon
Michael M. Knetter

Markup Adjustment and Exchange Rate Fluctuations: Evidence From Panel Data on Automobile Exports
w4114 Robert C. Feenstra
James R. Markusen

Accounting for Growth With New Inputs
w4112 Dani Rodrik
Making Sense of the Soviet Trade Shock in Eastern Europe: A Framework and Some Estimates
w4111 Val Eugene Lambson
J. David Richardson

Empirical Evidence for Collusion in the U.S. Auto Market?
w4102 Joshua Aizenman
Foreign Direct Investment as a Commitment Mechanism in the Presence of Managed Trade
w4098 Michael M. Knetter
International Comparisons of Pricing-to-Market Behavior
w4095 Sebastian Edwards
Sequencing and Welfare: Labor Markets and Agriculture
w4094 Maurice Obstfeld
International Adjustment with Habit-Forming Consumption: A Diagrammatic Exposition
w4086 Stephen J. Turnovsky
Marcelo Bianconi

The International Transmission of Tax Policies in a Dynamic World Economy
w4081 Elhanan Helpman
Innovation, Imitation, and Intellectual Property Rights
w4071 Dan Kovenock
Marie Thursby

GATT, Dispute Settlement and Cooperation
w4069 S. Lael Brainard
David Martimort

Strategic Trade Policy With Incompletely Informed Policymakers
w4066 John F. Helliwell
Empirical Linkages Between Democracy and Economic Growth
w4064 Dani Rodrik
Foreign Trade in Eastern Europe's Transition: Early Results
w4051 James R. Markusen
Edward R. Morey
Nancy Olewiler

Noncooperative Equilibria in Regional Environmental Policies When Plant Locations are Endogenous
w4050 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Is Japan Creating a Yen Bloc in East Asia and the Pacific?
w4045 Richard E. Baldwin
On the Growth Effects of Import Competition
w4042 J. David Richardson
"New" Trade Theory and Policy a Decade Old: Assessment in a Pacific Context
w4039 Kala Krishna
Conceptually Based Measures of Structural Adaptability
w4011 Philip L. Brock
Stephen J. Turnovsky

The Growth and Welfare Consequences of Differential Tariffs With Endogenously-Supplied Capital and Labor
w4007 Ishac Diwan
Dani Rodrik

Debt Reduction, Adjustment Lending, and Burden Sharing
w4006 Eliana Cardoso
Inflation and Poverty
w4003 Martin D. Evans
Karen K. Lewis

Peso Problems and Heterogeneous Trading: Evidence From Excess Returns in Foreign Exchange and Euromarkets
w4001 Alberto Giovannini
Bretton Woods and Its Precursors: Rules Versus Discretion in the History of International Monetary Regimes
w3991 Edward E. Leamer
Wage Effects of A U.S. - Mexican Free Trade Agreement
w3966 Martin Feldstein
The Budget and Trade Deficits Aren't Really Twins
w3961 Sule Ozler
Harry Huizinga

Bank Exposure, Capital and Secondary Market Discounts on the Developing Country Debt
w3960 Sule Ozler
Dani Rodrik

External Shocks, Politics and Private Investment: Some Theory and Empirical Evidence
w3959 Sule Ozler
Have Commercial Banks Ignored History?
w3957 Edward E. Leamer
Testing Trade Theory
w3955 Zhaohui Chen
Alberto Giovannini

Estimating Expected Exchange Rates Under Target Zones
w3953 Joshua Aizenman
Exchange Rate Flexibility, Volatility, and the Patterns of Domestic and Foreign Direct Investment
w3951 Kathryn M. Dominguez
The Role of International Organizations in the Bretton Woods System
w3950 Tamim Bayoumi
Barry Eichengreen

Is There a Conflict Between EC Enlargement and European Monetary Unification?
w3949 Tamim Bayoumi
Barry Eichengreen

Shocking Aspects of European Monetary Unification
w3947 Dani Rodrik
The Rush to Free Trade in the Developing World: Why So Late? Why Now? Will it Last?
w3946 Joseph E. Gagnon
Andrew K. Rose

How Pervasive is the Product Cycle? The Empirical Dynamics of American and Japanese Trade Flows
w3943 Maurice Obstfeld
The Adjustment Mechanism
w3931 Bernard Dumas
Lars E.O. Svensson

How Long do Unilateral Target Zones Last?
w3911 Wen-Ling Lin
Robert F. Engle
Takatoshi Ito

Do Bulls and Bears Move Across Borders? International Transmission of Stock Returns and Volatility as the World Turns
w3919 Pierre-Richard Agenor
Jagdeep S. Bhandari
Robert P. Flood

Speculative Attacks and Models of Balance-of-Payments Crises
w3918 Hans Lindberg
Lars E.O. Svensson
Paul Soderlind

Devaluation Expectations: The Swedish Krona 1982-1991
w3917 Alberto Giovannini
The Currency Reform as the Last Stage of Economic and Monetary Union: Some Policy Questions
w3916 Stephen J. Turnovsky
The Impact of Terms of Trade Shocks on a Small Open Economy: A Stochastic Analysis
w3914 Gene M. Grossman
Alan B. Krueger

Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement
w3910 Shang-Jin Wei
Jeffrey A. Frankel

Are Option-Implied Forecasts of Exchange Rate Volatility Excessively Variable?
w3899 J. Bradford De Long
Barry Eichengreen

The Marshall Plan: History's Most Successful Structural Adjustment Program
w3889 Richard K. Lyons
Private Beliefs and Information Externalities in the Foreign Exchange Market
w3886 Elise Brezis
Paul Krugman
Daniel Tsiddon

Leapfrogging: A Theory of Cycles in National Technological Leadership
w3881 Michael Bruno
From Sharp Stabilization to Growth: On the Political Economy of Israel's Transition
w3871 Albert Ando
Luigi Guiso
Daniele Terlizzese
Daniel Dorsainvil

Younger Households Saving: Evidence From Japan and Italy
w3870 Richard A. Jensen
Marie Thursby

Patent Races, Product Standards, and International Competition
w3861 Geert Bekaert
Robert J. Hodrick

On Biases in the Measurement of Foreign Exchange Risk Premiums
w3860 Alberto Alesina
Vittorio Grilli

The European Central Bank: Reshaping Monetary Politics in Europe
w3855 Xavier Sala-i-Martin
Jeffrey Sachs

Fiscal Federalism and Optimum Currency Areas: Evidence for Europe From the United States
t0114 Edward E. Leamer
Eastern Data and Western Attitudes
r1645 John Y. Campbell
N. Gregory Mankiw

The Response of Consumption to Income
w3852 Alessandra Casella
Barry Eichengreen

Halting Inflation in Italy and France After World War II
w3848 Joshua Aizenman
Nancy Marion

Policy Uncertainty, Persistence and Growth
w3845 Robert C. Feenstra
Tracy R. Lewis

Trade Adjustment Assistance and Pareto Gains From Trade
w3813 Richard H. Clarida
Ronald Findlay

Endogenous Comparative Advantage, Government, and the Pattern of Trade
w3825 Wilfred J. Ethier
James R. Markusen

Multinational Firms, Technology Diffusion and Trade
w3819 Jeffrey Frankel
Steven Phillips

The European Monetary System: Credible at Last?
w3818 Richard M. Levich
Lee R. Thomas

The Significance of Technical Trading-Rule Profits in the Foreign Exchange Market: A Bootstrap Approach
w3816 Sebastian Edwards
Stabilization and Liberalization Policies in Central and Eastern Europe: Lessons From Latin America
w3814 Richard H. Clarida
Entry, Dumping, and Shakeout
w3812 Richard H. Clarida
Co-Integration, Aggregate Consumption, and the Demand For Imports: A Structural Econometric Investigation
w3811 Richard H. Clarida
The Real Exchange Rate, Exports, and Manufacturing Profits: A Theoreti- cal Framework With Some Empirical Support
w3810 Eric J. Bartelsman
Ricardo J. Caballero
Richard K. Lyons

Short and Long Run Externalities
w3809 Nancy P. Marion
Empirical Evidence on European Dual Exchange Rates and Its Relevance For Latin America
w3807 Menzie Chinn
Jeffrey Frankel

Patterns in Exchange Rate Forecasts for 25 Currencies
w3806 Jeffrey Frankel
Menzie Chinn

Exchange Rate Expectations and the Risk Premium: Tests For a Cross- Section of 17 Currencies
w3805 Peter Hooper
J. David Richardson

International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research
w3797 Ryuzo Sato
Rama Ramachandran
Shunichi Tsutsui

Incomplete Appropriability of R&D and the Role of Strategies and Cultural Factors in International Trade: A Japanese Case
w3796 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Vanishing Tax on Capital Income in the Open Economy
w3795 Lars E.O. Svensson
Assessing Target Zone Credibility: Mean Reversion and Devaluation Expectations in the ERM 1979-1992
w3793 Robert E. Baldwin
Are Economists' Traditional Trade Policy Views Still Valid?
w3790 Geert Bekaert
Robert J. Hodrick

Characterizing Predictable Components in Excess Returns on Equity and Foreign Exchange Markets
w3779 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

International Fiscal Policy Coordination and Competition: An Exposition
w3776 Guillermo A. Calvo
Jacob A. Frenkel

Obstacles to Transforming Centrally-Planned Economies: The Role of Capital Markets
w3775 Richard K. Lyons
Floating Exchange Rates in Peru, 1950-54
w3773 S. Lael Brainard
Protecting Losers: Optimal Diversification, Insurance, and Trade Policy
w3772 Sule Ozler
Guido Tabellini

External Debt and Political Instability
w3767 Joshua Aizenman
Foreign Direct Investment, Productive Capacity and Exchange Rate Regimes
w3758 James E. Rauch
Economic Development, Urban Underemployment, and Income Inequality
w3747 Jeffrey Frankel
Scott Erwin
Katharine Rockett

A Note on Internationally Coordinated Policy Packages Intended to be Robust Under Model Uncertainty
w3740 Paul R. Krugman
First Nature, Second Nature, and Metropolitan Location
w3738 Leonardo Leiderman
Assaf Razin

Determinants of External Imbalances: The Role Taxes, Government Spending and Productivity
w3737 Kenneth A. Froot
Japanese Foreign Direct Investment
w3725 J. David Richardson
U.S. Trade Policy in the 1980s: Turns -- and Roads Not Taken
w3721 Sebastian Edwards
Guido Tabellini

Political Instability, Political Weakness and Inflation: An Empirical Analysis
w3716 Sebastian Edwards
Trade Orientation, Distortions and Growth in Developing Countries
w3703 Stanley Fischer
Privatization in East European Transformation
w3702 Stanley Fischer
Growth, Macroeconomics, and Development
w3698 Guillermo A. Calvo
Jacob A. Frenkel

From Centrally-Planned to Market Economies: The Road from CPE to PCPE
t0104 Vittorio Grilli
Nouriel Roubini

Financial Intermediation and Monetary Policies in the World Economy
w3685 Andrew K. Rose
Lars E.O. Svensson

Expected and Predicted Realignments: The FF/DM Exchange Rate During the EMS
w3684 Kenneth A. Froot
Kenneth Rogoff

The EMS, the EMU, and the Transition to a Common Currency
w3683 Kathryn M. Dominguez
Do Exchange Auctions Work? An Examination of the Bolivian Experience
w3679 Linda Hunter
James R. Markusen
Thomas F. Rutherford

Trade Liberalization in a Multinational-Dominated Industry: A Theoretical and Applied General-Equilibrium Analysis
w3674 Michael W. Klein
Karen K. Lewis

Learning About Intervention Target Zones
w3673 Kala Krishna
Refik Erzan
Ling Hui Tan

Rent Sharing in the Multi-Fibre Arrangement: Theory and Evidence from US Apparel Imports from Hong Kong
w3672 Rachel McCulloch
Investment Policies in the GATT
w3671 James R. Markusen
Edward R. Morey
Nancy Olewiler

Environmental Policy When Market Structure and Plant Locations are Endo-genous
w3670 Kathryn M. Dominguez
Peter B. Kenen

Intramarginal Intervention in the EMS and the Target-Zone Model of Exchange-Rate Behavior
w3669 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Government, Financial Markets, and Economic Development
w3656 Jacob A. Frenkel
Assaf Razin
Steve Symansky

International VAT Harmonization: Economic Effects
w3662 Shula Pessach
Assaf Razin

Targeting the Exchange Rate: An Empirical Investigation
w3661 Arvind Panagariya
Dani Rodrik

Political-Economy Arguments for a Uniform Tariff
w3658 Giancarlo Corsetti
Nouriel Roubini

Fiscal Deficits, Public Debt and Government Solvency: Evidence from OECD Countries
w3657 James Levinsohn
Testing the Imports-as-Market-Discipline Hypothesis
w3654 Raquel Fernandez
Sule Ozler

Debt Concentration and Secondary Markets Prices: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis
w3651 Earl L. Grinols
Stephen J. Turnovsky

Stochastic Equilibrium and Exchange Rate Determination in a Small Open Economy with Risk Averse Optimizing Agents
w3650 Joshua Aizenman
Peter Isard

Externalities, Incentives and Failure to Achieve National Objectives in Decentralized Economies
w3644 Robert C. Feenstra
Jon D. Kendall

Exchange Rate Volatility and International Prices
w3638 Kenneth A. Froot
Andre F. Perold
Jeremy C. Stein

Shareholder Trading Practices and Corporate Investment Horizons
w3637 Willem H. Buiter
Kenneth M. Kletzer

Persistent Differences in National Productivity Growth Rates with A Com-mon Technology and Free Capital Mobility: The Roles of Private Thrift, ...
w3636 Alberto Giovannini
Currency Substitution and the Fluctuations of Foreign-Exchange Reserves with Credibly Fixed Exchange Rates
w3627 Irene Trela
John Whalley

Internal Quota Allocation Schemes and the Costs of the MFA
w3623 Robert E. Lipsey
Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S. and U.S. Trade
w3622 Kevin M. Murphy
Andrei Shleifer

Quality and Trade
w3616 Eliana Cardoso
Capital Formation in Latin America
w3615 Magnus Blomstrom
Host Country Benefits of Foreign Investment
w3614 Linda S. Goldberg
Il'dar Karimov

Internal Currency Markets and Production in the Soviet Union
w3610 Robert C. Feenstra
New Goods and Index Numbers: U.S. Import Prices
r1512 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Kenneth A. Froot

Chartists, Fundamentalists, and Trading in the Foreign Exchange Market
w3607 Paul Krugman
Cities in Space: Three Simple Models
w3605 James E. Rauch
Reconciling the Pattern of Trade with the Pattern of Migration
w3604 Alberto Giovannini
Martha de Melo

Government Revenue from Financial Repression
w3603 Maurice Obstfeld
Destabilizing Effects of Exchange-Rate Escape Clauses
w3601 Francisco Delgado
Bernard Dumas

Target Zones Big and Small
w3600 Joshua Aizenman
Trade Reforms, Credibility, and Development
w3599 Torsten Persson
Guido Tabellini

Is Inequality Harmful for Growth? Theory and Evidence
w3597 Peter M. Garber
Alexander Hamilton's Market Based Debt Reduction Plan
w3594 Luis A. Rivera-Batiz
Paul M. Romer

International Trade with Endogenous Technological Change
w3590 Frederick D.S. Choi
Richard M. Levich

International Accounting Diversity: Does it Impact Market Participants?
w3585 Eliana Cardoso
From Inertia to Megainflation: Brazil in the 1980s
w3579 Barry Eichengreen
Is Europe an Optimum Currency Area?
w3576 Giuseppe Bertola
Lars E.O. Svensson

Stochastic Devaluation Risk and the Empirical Fit of Target Zone Models
r1498 Maurice Obstfeld
A Model of Currency Depreciation and the Debt-Inflation Spiral
hoop91-1 Peter Hooper and J. David Richardson

International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research
w3554 Alessandra Casella
Jonathan S. Feinstein

Public Goods in Trade: On the Formation of Markets and Political Jurisdictions
w3553 S. Lael Brainard
Last One Out Wins: Trade Policy in an International Exit Game
w3544 Anne O. Krueger
The Political Economy of American Protection in Theory and in Practice
w3543 Robert P. Flood
Andrew K. Rose
Donald J. Mathieson

An Empirical Exploration of Exchange Rate Target-Zones
w3528 Luis A. Rivera-Batiz
Paul M. Romer

Economic Integration and Endogenous Growth
w3527 Allan Drazen
Vittorio Grilli

The Benefits of Crises for Economic Reforms
w3526 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Hysteresis in the Trade Pattern
w3570 Giancarlo Corsetti
Vittorio Grilli
Nouriel Roubini

Exchange Rate Volatility in Integrating Capital Markets
w3569 Anne O. Krueger
Theory and Practice of Commercial Policy: 1945-1990
w3566 Alan C. Stockman
Linda L. Tesar

Tastes and Technology in a Two-Country Model of the Business Cycle: Explaining International Comovements
w3562 Michael D. Bordo
Anna J. Schwartz

What has Foreign Market Intervention Since the Plaza Agreement Accomplished?
w3561 Joshua Aizenman
Soft Budget Constraints, Taxes, and the Incentive to Cooperate
w3540 Jacob Frenkel
Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Basic Concepts of International Taxation
w3539 Jeffrey A. Frankel
The Making of Exchange Rate Policy in the 1980s
w3513 Murray C. Kemp
Hans-Werner Sinn

A Simple Model of Useless Speculation
w3512 James E. Rauch
Comparative Advantage, Geographic Advantage, and the Volume of Trade
w3518 Michael Bruno
High Inflation and the Nominal Anchors of an Open Economy
w3504 Takatoshi Ito
Robert F. Engle
Wen-Ling Lin

Where Does the Meteor Shower Come From? The Role of Stochastic Policy Coordination
w3497 Sebastian Edwards
Capital Flows, Foreign Direct Investment, and Debt-Equity Swaps in Developing Countries
w3496 William H. Branson
Dwight M. Jaffee

The Globalization of Information and Capital Mobility
w3493 Sebastian Edwards
Guido Tabellini

Explaining Fiscal Policies and Inflation in Developing Countries
w3489 Stephen J. Turnovsky
Partha Sen

Fiscal Policy, Capital Accumulation, and Debt in an Open Economy
w3483 Kala Krishna
Auctions with Endogenous Valuations, The Snowball Effect Revisited
w3478 Alberto Alesina
Nouriel Roubini

Political Cycles in OECD Economies
w3476 Carsten Kowalczyk
Welfare and Customs Unions
w3475 Carsten Kowalczyk
Monopoly and Trade Policy
w3470 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Kenneth Froot

Exchange Rate Forecasting Techniques, Survey Data, and Implications for the Foreign Exchange Market
w3468 Robert E. Cumby
John Huizinga

The Predictability of Real Exchange Rate Changes in the Short and Long Run
w3467 Willem H. Buiter
Paolo A. Pesenti

Rational Speculative Bubbles in an Exchange Rate Target Zone
w3466 Lars E.O. Svensson
The Foreign Exchange Risk Premium in a Target Zone with Devaluation Risk
w3460 Torsten Persson
Guido Tabellini

The Politics of 1992: Fiscal Policy and European Integration
w3457 Kyoji Fukao
Koichi Hamada

International Trade and Investment under Different Rates of Time Preference
w3456 Rudiger Dornbusch
Holger Wolf

Monetary Overhang and Reforms in the 1940s
t0092 Robert E. Cumby
John Huizinga

Testing The Autocorrelation Structure of Disturbances in Ordinary Least Squares and Instrumental Variables Regressions
w3443 Joshua Aizenman
Pablo E. Guidotti

Capital Controls, Collection Costs, and Domestic Public Debt
w3442 Robert E. Lipsey
Linda Molinari
Irving B. Kravis

Measures of Prices and Price Competitiveness in International Trade in Manufactured Goods
w3441 Michael Woodford
Does Competition Between Currencies Lead to Price Level and Exchange Rate Stability?
w3424 Jonathan Eaton
Sovereign Debt, Reputation, and Credit Terms
w3418 Paul Krugman
Julio Rotemberg

Target Zones with Limited Reserves
w3412 Magnus Blomstrom
Robert E. Lipsey

Foreign Firms and Export Performance in Developing Countries: Lessons from the Debt Crisis
w3411 Barry Eichengreen
Trends and Cycles in Foreign Lending
w3410 Barry Eichengreen
Relaxing the External Constraint: Europe in the 1930s
w3402 N. Gregory Mankiw
Stephen P. Zeldes

The Consumption of Stockholders and Non-Stockholders
w3399 Jonathan Eaton
Maxim Engers

w3398 Karen K. Lewis
Occasional Interventions to Target Rates with a Foreign Exchange Application
w3397 Karen K. Lewis
Why Doesn't Society Minimize Central Bank Secrecy?
w3395 Joshua Aizenman
Peter Isard

Externalities, Incentives, and Economic Reforms
w3391 Barry Eichengreen
Lawrence H. Goulder

The Impact of Permanent and Temporary Import Surcharges on the U.S. Trade Deficit
w3388 N. Gregory Mankiw
Jeffrey A. Miron

Should The Fed Smooth Interest Rates? The Case of Seasonal Monetary Policy
w3384 George Alogoskoufis
Richard Portes

International Costs and Benefits from EMU
w3382 Robert W. Staiger
Guido Tabellini

Rules versus Discretion in Trade Policy: An Empirical Analysis
w3377 Irene Trela
John Whalley

Taxes, Outward Orientation, and Growth Performance in Korea
w3375 Anwar Shah
John Whalley

An Alternative View of Tax Incidence Analysis for Developing Countries
w3374 Lars E.O. Svensson
The Term Structure of Interest Rate Differentials in a Target Zone: Theory and Swedish Data
w3372 Francesco Giavazzi
Marco Pagano

Can Severe Fiscal Contractions be Expansionary? Tales of Two Small European Countries
w3371 Albert Ando
Alan J. Auerbach

The Cost of Capital in Japan: Recent Evidence and Further Results
w3364 Richard C. Marston
Price Behavior in Japanese and U.S. Manufacturing
w3352 John M. Abowd
Thomas Lemieux

The Effects of International Competiton on Collective Bargaining Outcomes: A Comparison of the United States and Canada
w3351 John M. Abowd
The NBER Immigration, Trade, and Labor Markets Data Files
w3347 Sebastian Edwards
On Uniform Import Tariffs in Developing Countries
w3346 Sebastian Edwards
Alejandra Cox Edwards

Labor Market Distortions and Structural Adjustments in Developing Countries
w3340 Anne O. Krueger
Government Failures in Development
w3332 Richard C. Marston
Systematic Movements in Real Exchange Rates in the G-5: Evidence on theIntegration of Internal and External Markets
w3329 Willem H. Buiter
Kenneth M. Kletzer

The Welfare Economics of Cooperative and Noncooperative Fiscal Policy
w3328 Willem H. Buiter
Kenneth M. Kletzer

Fiscal Policy Interdependence and Efficiency
w3320 Linda S. Goldberg
Predicting Exchange Rate Crises: Mexico Revisited
w3319 Richard E. Baldwin
Re-Interpreting the Failure of Foreign Exchange Market Efficiency Tests:Small Transaction Costs, Big Hysteresis Bands
w3315 Stephen J. Turnovsky
Tariffs and Sectoral Adjustments in an Open Economy
w3313 John F. Helliwell
Fiscal Policy and the External Deficit: Siblings, but not Twins
w3306 Takatoshi Ito
Masayoshi Maruyama

Is the Japanese Distribution System Really Inefficient?
w3304 Irving B. Kravis
Robert E. Lipsey

The International Comparison Program: Current Status and Problems
w3302 Rudiger Dornbusch
From Stabilization to Growth
w3300 Dani Rodrik
Premature Liberalization, Incomplete Stabilization: the Ozal Decade in Turkey
w3299 Kathryn M. Dominguez
Jeffrey Frankel

Does Foreign Exchange Intervention Matter? Disentangling the Portfolio and Expectations Effects for the Mark
w3298 Partha Sen
Stephen J. Turnovsky

Investment Tax Credit in an Open Economy
w3293 Robert E. Lipsey
American Firms Face Europe: 1992
w3287 Willem H. Buiter
Urjit R. Patel

Debt, Deficits and Inflation: An Application to the Public Finances of India
w3284 James R. Markusen
First Mover Advantages, Blockaded Entry, And the Economics of Uneven Development
w3283 Ignatius J. Horstmann
James R. Markusen

Endogenous Market Structures in International Trade
w3282 Karen K. Lewis
Was There a "Peso Problem" in the U.S. Term Structure of Interest Rates:1979-1982?
w3281 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Capital Market Integration: Issues of International Taxation
w3277 Robert Feenstra
Tracy R. Lewis

Distributing the Gains from Trade With Incomplete Information
w3276 Robert C. Feenstra
Trade and Uneven Growth
w3275 Paul Krugman
Increasing Returns and Economic Geography
w3269 Raquel Fernandez
Dani Rodrik

Why is Trade Reform so Unpopular? On Status Quo Bias in Policy Reforms
w3258 Robert C. Feenstra
Tracy R. Lewis
John McMillan

Designing Policies to Open Trade
w3256 N. Gregory Mankiw
A Quick Refresher Course in Macroeconomics
w3254 Robert W. Staiger
Frank A. Wolak

The Effect of Domestic Antidumping Law in the Presence of Foreign Monopoly
w3250 Kenneth A. Froot
David S. Scharfstein
Jeremy C. Stein

Herd on the Street: Informational Inefficiencies in a Market with Short-Term Speculation
w3249 Linda S. Goldberg
Nominal Exchange Rate Patterns: Correlationswith Entry, Exit, and Invesment in U.S. Industry
w3248 Hans-Werner Sinn
Tax Harmonization and Tax Competition in Europe
w3247 Kenneth A. Froot
Short Rates and Expected Asset Returns
w3244 Kala Krishna
Export Restraints With Imperfect Competition: A Selective Survey
w3240 Robert E. Lipsey
Reviving the Federal Statistical System: International Aspects
w3236 Robert W. Staiger
Kyle Bagwell

The Sensitivity of Strategic and Corrective R&D Policy in Oligopolistic Industries
w3235 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

The Sensitivity of Strategic and Corrective R&D Policy in Battles for Monopoly
w3230 Kala Krishna
Making Altruism Pay in Auction Quotas
w3228 Julio J. Rotemberg
Garth Saloner

Competition and Human Capital Accumulation: A Theory of Interregional Specialization and Trade
w3220 Alessandra Casella
Participation in a Currency Union
w3219 Hans-Werner Sinn
The Non-Neutrality of Inflation for International Capital Movements
razi90-1 Assaf Razin and Joel Slemrod

Taxation in the Global Economy
w3218 Lars E.O. Svensson
Target Zones and Interest Rate Variability
w3210 Paul Romer
Endogenous Technological Change
w3201 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Quality Ladders and Product Cycles
w3199 Alex Cukierman
Sebastian Edwards
Guido Tabellini

Seigniorage and Political Instability
w3194 Gene M. Grossman
Explaining Japan's Innovation and Trade: A model of Quality Competition and Dynamic Comparive Advantage
w3192 Kathryn M. Dominguez
Market Responses To Coordinated Central Bank Intervention
w3183 Michael Bruno
Economic Analysis and the Political Economy of Policy Formation
w3178 Willem H. Buiter
Vittorio U. Grilli

The "Gold Standard Paradox" and its Resolution
w3176 Shantayanan Devarajan
Dani Rodrik

Pro-Competitive Effects of Trade Reform: Results from a CGE Model of Cameroon
w3166 Richard Baldwin
Measuring 1992's Medium-Term Dynamic Effects
w3165 Charles Engel
James D. Hamilton

Long Swings in the Exchange Rate: Are they in the Data and Do Markets Know It?
w3164 Martin Feldstein
Philippe Bacchetta

National Saving and International Investment
w3163 Paul Krugman
Martin Feldstein

International Trade Effects of Value Added Taxation
w3161 Eliana A. Cardoso
Albert Fishlow

Latin American Economic Development: 1950-1980
w3158 James M. Boughton
William H. Branson
Alphecca Muttardy

Commodity Prices and Inflation: Evidence From Seven Large Industrial Countries
w3156 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Japanese Finance: A Survey
w3152 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

International Tax Competition and Gains from Tax Harmonization
w3141 Magnus Blomstrom
Edward N. Wolff

Multinational Corporations and Productivity Convergence in Mexico
w3140 Magnus Blomstrom
Robert E. Lipsey
Lennart Ohlsson

What Do Rich Countries Trade with Each Other? R&D and the Composition of U.S. and Swedish Trade
w3139 A. Lans Bovenberg
Lawrence H. Goulder

Promoting Investment under International Capital Mobility: An Intertemporal General Equilibrium Analysis
w3138 Sebastian Edwards
On the Sequencing of Structural Reforms
w3137 Michael P. Dooley
Elhanan Helpman

Tax Credits for Debt Reduction
w3124 Barry Eichengreen
International Monetary Instability Between the Wars: Structural Flaws or Misguided Policies?
w3122 Barry Eichengreen
The Gold Standard Since Alec Ford
w3121 Linda S. Goldberg
Mark Spiegel

Debt Write-Downs and Debt-Equity Swaps in the Two Sector Model
w3119 Richard Baldwin
The Growth Effects of 1992
w3118 Kala Krishna
Kathleen Hogan
Phillip Swagel

The Non-Optimality of Optimal Trade Policy: The U.S. Automobile Indust ry Revisited, 1979-1985
w3112 Alberto Giovannini
Jan Won Park

Capital Controls and International Trade Finance
w3110 Richard E. Baldwin
The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem Reconsidered: An Example of Ricardian Dynamic Trade Effects
w3104 Kyoji Fukao
Koichi Hamada

The Fisherian Time Preference and the Ebolution of Capital Ownership Patterns in a Global Economy
w3103 Joshua Aizenman
World Integration, Competitive and Bargaining Regimes Switch: an Exploration
w3100 Warwick J. McKibbin
Jeffrey D. Sachs

The McKibbin-Sachs Global Model: Theory and Specifications
w3098 Paul M. Romer
Increasing Returns and New Developments in the Theory of Growth
w3097 Barry Eichengreen
The Comparative Performance of Fixed and Flexible Exchange Rate Regimes : Interwar Evidence
w3096 Barry Eichengreen
The Capital Levy in Theory and Practice
w3088 Vittorio Grilli
Nouriel Roubini

Financial Integration, Liquidity and Exchange Rates
w3080 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Optimal Incentives to Domestic Investment in the Presence of Capital Flight
w3076 Robert C. Feenstra
James A. Levinsohn

Distance, Demand, and Oligopoly Pricing
w3075 Michael Bruno
Israel's Crisis and Economic Reform: A Historical Perspective
w3073 James A. Brander
Election Polls, Free Trade, and the Stock Market: Evidence from the Canadian General Election
w3071 James A. Brander
Barbara J. Spencer

Trade Adjustment Assistance: Welfare and Incentive Effects of Payments to Displaced Workers
w3070 James A. Brander
Taxation of Foreign-Owned Land
w3068 Vittorio Grilli
Managing Exchange Rate Crises: Evidence from the 1890's
w3067 Vittorio U. Grilli
Graciela Kaminsky

Nominal Exchange Rate Regimes and the Real Exhange Rate, Evidence from the U.S. and Britain, 1885-1986
w3066 Gabriel de Koch
Vittorio Grilli

Endogenous Exchange Rate Regime Switches
w3060 Carol L. Osler
Interest Rate Term Premiums and the Failure of the Speculative Efficiency Hypothesis: A Theoretical Investigation
w3059 Harry P. Bowen
Leo Sveikauskas

Judging Factor Abundance
w3057 John Whalley
Recent Trade Liberalization in the Developing World: What is Behind It, and Where is it Headed?
w3055 Annie Koh
Richard M. Levich

Synthetic Eurocurrency Interest Rate Futures Contracts: Theory and Evidence
w3044 Nouriel Roubini
Leadership and Cooperation in the European Monetary System: A Simulation Approach
w3033 Ricardo J. Caballero
Richard K. Lyons

The Role of External Economies in U.S. Manufacturing
w3027 Harold L. Cole
Maurice Obstfeld

Commodity Trade and International Risk Sharing: How Much Do Financial Markets Matter?
w3023 Barbara J. Spencer
Ronald W. Jones

Trade and Protection in Vertically Related Markets
w3019 Joshua Aizenman
Eduardo R. Borensztein

Strategic Investment in a Debt Bargaining Framework
w3016 Robert W. Staiger
Frank A. Wolak

Strategic Use of Antidumping Law to Enforce Tacit International Collusion
w3015 Robert Flood
Nancy Marion

Risk Neutrality and the Two-Tier Foreign Exchange Market: Evidence from Belgium
w3003 Richard M. Levich
The Euromarkets after 1992
w2999 Dani Rodrik
Policy Uncertainty and Private Investment in Developing Countries
w2998 Kenneth A. Froot
Maurice Obstfeld

Stochastic Process Switching: Some Simple Solutions
w2987 Magnus Blomstrom
Mario Zejan

Why Do Multinational Firms Seek Out Joint Ventures?
w2986 Rudiger Dornbusch
Sebastian Edwards

Macroeconomic Populism in Latin America
w2981 Raquel Fernandez
Robert W. Rosenthal

Sovereign-Debt Renegotiations Revisted
w2980 Raquel Fernandez
Jacob Glazer

The Scope for Collusive Behavior Among Debtor Countries
w2978 Robert E. Baldwin
Measuring Nontariff Trade Policies
w2974 Ishac Diwan
Dani Rodrik

Patents, Appropriate Technology, and North-South Trade
w2972 Paul Krugman
Is Bilateralism Bad?
w2971 Paul Krugman
History Vs. Expectations
w2970 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Growth and Welfare in A Small Open Economy
w2965 Lawrence H. Goulder
Barry Eichengreen

Trade Liberalization in General Equilibrium: Intertemporal and Inter-Industry Effects
w2959 Richard A. Jensen
Marie Thursby

Tariffs with Private Information and Reputation
w2958 Magnus Blomstrom
Jian-Ye Wang

Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer: A Simple Model
w2950 Sebastian Edwards
Real Exchange Rates in the Developing Countries: Concepts and Measure- ment
w2944 Robert Gibbons
Kevin J. Murphy

Relative Performance Evaluation for Chief Executive Officers
w2943 Francois Bourguignon
William H. Branson
Jaime de Melo

Adjustment and Income Distribution: A Counterfactual Analysis
w2940 Sweder van Wijnbergen
Capital Controls and the Real Exchange Rate
w2939 Torsten Persson
Sweder van Wijnbergen

Signalling, Wage Controls and Monetary Disinflation Policy
w2937 Joshua Aizenman
The Competitive Externalities and the Optimal Seignorage
w2934 Robert Flood
Peter Isard

Simple Rules, Discretion and Monetary Policy
w2933 Irving B. Kravis
Robert E. Lipsey

Technological Characteristics of Industries and the Competitiveness of the U.S. and its Multinational Firms
w2930 Bernard Dumas
Perishable Investment and Hysteresis in Capital Formation
w2929 Jacob A. Frenkel
Morris Goldstein
Paul R. Masson

Simulating the Effects of Some Simple Coordinated versus Uncoordinated Policy
w2927 Jacob A. Frenkel
Assaf Razin
Steve Symansky

International Spillovers of Taxation
w2926 Francesco Giavazzi
Marco Pagano

Confidence Crises and Public Debt Management
w2923 Robert E. Lipsey
The Internationalization of Production
w2920 Barbara J. Spencer
Ronald W. Jones

Vertical Foreclosure and International Trade Policy
w2919 Nouriel Roubini
Jeffrey Sachs

Government Spending and Budget Deficits in the Industrial Economies
w2918 Robert P. Flood
Peter M. Garber

The Linkage Between Speculative Attack and Target Zone Models of Exchange Rates
w2916 Dani Rodrik
Chang-Ho Yoon

Strategic Trade Policy When Domestic Firms Compete Against Vertically Integrated Rivals
t0077 Bernard Dumas
Super Contact and Related Optimality Conditions: A Supplement to AvinashDixits:"A Simplified Exposition of Some Results Concerning Regulated Brownian.
w2914 Kenneth A. Froot
Jeremy C. Stein

Exchange Rates and Foreign Direct Investment: An Imperfect Capital Markets Approach
w2913 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Endogenous Product Cycles
w2911 Richard Baldwin
Sunk-Cost Hysteresis
w2909 Sebastian Edwards
The International Monetary Fund and the Developing Countries: A Critical Evaluation
w2908 Sebastian Edwards
Openness, Outward Orientation, Trade Liberalization and Economic Performance in Developing Countries
w2907 Sebastian Edwards
Jonathan D. Ostry

Terms of Trade Disturbances, Real Exchange Rates and Welfare: The Role of Capital Controls and Labor Market Distortions
w2905 Richard C. Marston
Pricing to Market in Japanese Manufacturing
w2904 Anne O. Krueger
Asymmetries in Policy Between Exportables and Import-Competing Goods
w2903 Robert P. Flood
Robert J. Hodrick

Testable Implications of Indeterminacies in Models with Rational Expectations
w2897 Jeffrey D. Sachs
Social Conflict and Populist Policies in Latin America
w2894 Jacob A. Frenkel
Morris Goldstein

Exchange Rate Volatility and Misalignment: Evaluating Some Proposals for Reform
w2889 Rudiger Dornbusch
Alejandro Reynoso

Financial Factors in Economic Development
w2887 Mark Gertler
Kenneth Rogoff

Developing Country Borrowing and Domestic Wealth
w2883 J. David Richardson
Empirical Research on Trade Liberalization With Imperfect Competition: A Survey
w2881 John B. Taylor
Policy Analysis With a Multicountry Model
w2878 William H. Branson
Richard C. Marston

Price and Output Adjustment in Japanese Manufacturing
w2873 Jacob A. Frenkel
Assaf Razin

International Effects of Tax Reforms
w2869 Maurice Obstfeld
Dynamic Seigniorage Theory: An Exploration
w2868 Joshua Aizenman
Inward Versus Outward Growth Orientation in the Presence of Country Risk
w2867 Barry Eichengreen
Richard Portes

Dealing With Debt: The 1930s and the 1980s
w2866 Sebastian Edwards
Peter Montiel

Devaluation Crises and the Macroeconomic Consequences of Postponed Adjustment in Developing Countries
w2864 Harry Flam
Robert W. Staiger

Adverse Selection in Credit Markets and Infant Industry Protection
w2863 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Integration of the International Capital Markets: The Size of Government and Tax Coordination
w2856 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Quantifying International Capital Mobility in the 1980s
w2850 Jeremy Bulow
Kenneth Rogoff

Sovereign Debt Repurchases: No Cure for Overhang
w2849 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Obstacles to Coordination, and a Consideration of Two Proposals to Overcome Them
w2844 Lois Stekler
Adequacy of International Transactions and Position Data for Policy Coordination
w2840 Kala Krishna
The Case of the Vanishing Revenues: Auction Quotas with Monopoly
w2839 Robert C. Feenstra
Auctioning U.S. Import Quotas, Foreign Response, and Alternative Policies
w2838 Martin Feldstein
The Case Against Trying to Stabilize the Dollar
w2835 Kenneth A. Froot
Maurice Obstfeld

Exchange Rate Dynamics Under Stochastic Regime Shifts: A Unified Approach
w2828 Richard Baldwin
Richard Lyons

Exchange Rate Hysteresis: The Real Effects of Large vs Small Policy Misalignments
w2825 Michael D. Bordo
Ehsan U. Choudhri
Anna J. Schwartz

Money Stock Targeting, Base Drift and Price-Level Predictability: Lessons From the U.K. Experience
w2811 Torsten Persson
Lars E.O. Svensson

Exchange Rate Variability And Asset Trade
w2809 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Comparative Advantage and Long-Run Growth
w2796 Maurice Obstfeld
The Effectiveness of Foreign-Exchange Intervention: Recent Experience
w2790 Rudiger Dornbusch
Notes on Credibility and Stabilization
w2786 Francesco Giavazzi
Alberto Giovannini

Can The European Monetary System Be Copied Outside Europe? Lessons From Ten Years of Monetary Policy Coordination In Europe
w2785 Rudiger Dornbusch
Credibility, Debt and Unemployment: Ireland's Failed Stabilization
w2781 Partha Sen
Stephen J. Turnovsky

Tariffs, Capital Accumulation, and the Current Account in a Small Open Economy
w2778 Vittorio U. Grilli
Seigniorage in Europe
w2777 Nouriel Roubini
Offset and Sterilization Under Fixed Exchange Rates With An Optimizing Central Bank
w2775 Rudiger Dornbusch
Real Exchange Rates and Macroeconomics: A Selective Survey
w2774 Lars E.O. Svensson
Portfolio Choice and Asset Pricing With Nontraded Assets
w2773 Nouriel Roubini
Current Account and Budget Deficits in an Intertemporal Model of Consumption and Taxation Smoothing. A Solution to the "Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle"?
w2771 Elhanan Helpman
The Simple Analytics of Debt-Equity Swaps
w2770 Robert P. Flood
Peter Isard

Monetary Policy Strategies
w2769 Judith C. Chin
Gene M. Grossman

Intellectual Property Rights and North-South Trade
w2767 Julio J. Rotemberg
Sovereign Debt Buybacks Can Lower Bargaining Costs
w2766 Alberto Giovannini
How Do Fixed-Exchange-Rates Regimes Work: The Evidence From The Gold Standard, Bretton Woods and The EMS
w2764 Peter M. Garber
Vittorio U. Grilli

Bank Runs in Open Economies and The International Transmission of Panics
w2761 Paul Krugman
Differences In Income Elasticities and Trends in Real Exchange Rates
w2760 Irving B. Kravis
Robert E. Lipsey

The Effect of Multinational Firms' Operations on Their Domestic Employment
w2757 Michael Bruno
Theoretical Developments in the Light of Macroeconomic Policy and Empirical Research
w2756 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

A Theory of Managed Trade
r1076 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Ambiguous Policy Multipliers in Theory and in Empirical Models
r1075 Jeffrey A. Frankel
The Implications of Conflicting Models for Coordination between Monetary and Fiscal Policymakers
w2751 Colleen Hamilton
John Whalley

Coalitions in the Uruguay Round: The Extent, Pros and Cons of Developing Country Participation 1,2
w2750 James M. Boughton
William H. Branson

Commodity Prices as a Leading Indicator of Inflation
w2740 Alessandra Casella
Jonathan Feinstein

Management of a Common Currency
w2739 Lawrence F. Katz
Lawrence H. Summers

Can Inter-Industry Wage Differentials Justify Strategic Trade Policy?
w2738 Sebastian Edwards
Miguel Savastano

Latin America's Intraregional Trade: Evolution and Future Prospects
w2736 Jon Cockerline
John F. Helliwell
Robert Lafrance

Multicountry Modeling of Financial Markets
w2731 Ritu Anand
Sweder van Wijnbergen

Inflation, External Debt and Financial Sector Reform: A Quantitative Approach To Consistent Fiscal Policy With An Application to Turkey
w2729 Robert J. Hodrick
U.S. International Capital Flows: Perspectives From Rational Maximizing Models
w2726 Joshua Aizenman
Trade Dependency, Bargaining and External Debt
w2725 Maurice Obstfeld
Fiscal Deficits and Relative Prices in a Growing World Economy
w2723 Kala Krishna
The Case of the Vanishing Revenues: Auction Quotas With Oligopoly
w2722 Dani Rodrik
Industrial Organization and Product Quality: Evidence From South Korean and Taiwanese Exports
w2721 Sebastian Edwards
Real and Monetary Determinants of Real Exchange Rate Behavior: Theory and Evidence From Developing Countries
w2718 Michael Bruno
Econometrics and the Design of Economic Reform
w2714 Robert E. Lipsey
Guy V.G. Stevens

Interactions between Domestic and Foreign Investment
w2705 Raquel Fernandez
Tariffs in an Economy with Incomplete Markets and Unemployment
w2704 Raquel Fernandez
David Kaaret

Bank Size, Reputation, and Debt Renegotiation
w2703 Takatoshi Ito
V. Vance Roley

Intraday Yen/Dollar Exchange Rate Movements: News or Noise?
w2702 Linda S. Goldberg
Collapsing Exchange Rate Regimes: Shocks and Biases
w2698 Olivier Jean Blanchard
Unemployment: Getting the Questions Right - and some of the answers
w2692 Elhanan Helpman
Voluntary Debt Reduction: Incentives and Welfare
w2689 Marianne Baxter
Alan C. Stockman

Business Cycles and the Exchange Rate System: Some International Evidence
w2681 Carol L. Osler
Terms of Trade and the Transmission of Output Shocks in a Rational Expectations Model
w2679 Takatoshi Ito
Foreign Exchange Rate Expectations: Micro Survey Data
w2678 Fabio Canova
Takatoshi Ito

On Time-Series Properties of Time-Varying Risk Premium in the Yen/Dollar Exchange Market
w2677 Richard Baldwin
Richard K. Lyons

The Mutual Amplification Effect of Exchange Rate Volatility and Unresponsive Trade Prices
w2675 Kenneth A. Froot
Buybacks, Exit Bonds, and the Optimality of Debt and Liquidity Relief
w2670 Jacob A. Frenkel
Morris Goldstein
Paul R. Masson

International Coordination of Economic Policies: Scope, Methods, and Effects
w2669 Carlo Carraro
Francesco Giavazzi

Can International Policy Coordination Really Be Counterproductive?
w2665 Shmuel Ben-Zvi
Elhanan Helpman

Oligopoly in Segmented Markets
w2662 Joshua Aizenman
External Debt, Planning Horizon and Distorted Credit Markets
w2658 Robert W. Staiger
Guido Tabellini

Rules and Discretion in Trade Policy
w2657 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Private Cost Information and the Multinational Enterprise
w2656 Richard Baldwin
Factor Market Barriers are Trade Barriers: Gains From Trade in 1992
w2655 Dani Rodrik
The Welfare Economics of Debt Service
w2654 Dani Rodrik
Closing the Technology Gap: Does Trade Liberalization Really Help?
w2653 Jacob A. Frenkel
Assaf Razin

Exchange-Rate Management Viewed as Tax Policies
w2650 John F. Helliwell
The Effects of Fiscal Policy on International Imbalances: Japan and the United States
w2648 Jacob A. Frenkel
Morris Goldstein

The International Monetary System: Developments and Prospects
w2644 Jeffrey Sachs
Conditionality, Debt Relief, and the Developing Country Debt Crisis
w2623 Jeremy I. Bulow
Kenneth Rogoff

Sovereign Debt: Is To Forgive To Forget?
w2620 Juan Antonio Morales
Jeffrey Sachs

Bolivia's Economic Crisis
w2618 Irene Trela
John Whalley

Do Developing Countries Lose From the MFA?
w2607 Andrew Berg
Jeffrey Sachs

The Debt Crisis: Structural Explanations of Country Performance
w2637 Jeremy I. Bulow
Kenneth Rogoff

Sovereign Debt Restructurings: Panacea or Pangloss?
w2636 Erika Jorgensen
Jeffrey Sachs

Default and Renegotiation of Latin American Foreign Bonds in the Interwar Period
w2635 Lawrence H. Goulder
Barry Eichengreen

Savings Promotion, Investment Promotion, and International Competitiveness
w2630 Richard A. Jensen
Jerry Thursby
Marie Thursby

Smuggling, Camouflaging, and Market Structure
w2629 Sebastian Edwards
Temporary Terms of Trade Disturbances, The Real Exchange Rate and the Current Account
w2625 Harris Dellas
Alan C. Stockman

Self-fulfillment Expectations, Speculation Attacks, and Capitol Controls
w2616 Partha Sen
Stephen J. Turnovsky

Deterioration of the Terms of Trade and Capital Accumulation: A Reexamination of the Laursen-Metzler Effect
w2615 Irving B. Kravis
Robert E. Lipsey

Production and Trade in Services by U.S. Multinational Firms
w2614 Jeffrey Sachs
Peter Boone

Japanese Structural Adjustment and the Balance of Payments
w2612 Kala Krishna
What Do Voluntary Export Restraints Do?
w2604 Stephen J. Turnovsky
Vasco d'Orey

The Choice of Monetary Instrument in Two Interdependent Economies Under Uncertainty
w2603 Willem H. Buiter
Some Thoughts on the Role of Fiscal Policy in Stabilisation and Structural Adjustment in Developing Countries
w2600 Dani Rodrik
Promises, Promises: Credible Policy Reform via Signaling
w2599 Susan M. Collins
Inflation and the E M S
w2586 Paul R. Krugman
Deindustrialization, Reindustrialization, and the Real Exchange Rate
w2584 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

The Role Of Export Subsisies When Product Quality Is Unknown
w2583 John Whalley
Randall M. Wigle

Endogenous Participation in Agricultural Support Programs and Ad ValoremEquivalent Modelling
w2598 Susan M. Collins
South Korea's Experience With External Debt
w2597 Raquel Fernandez
Robert W. Rosenthal

Sovereign-debt Renegotiations: A Strategic Analysis
w2596 Susan M. Collins
Won Am Park

External Debt and Macroeconomic Performance in South Korea
w2592 Elhanan Helpman
Growth, Technological Progress, and Trade
w2587 Paul R. Krugman
Market-Based Debt-Reduction Schemes
w2582 Joshua Aizenman
Eduardo R. Borensztein

Debt and Conditionality under Endogenous Terms of Trade Adjustment
w2577 Kenneth A. Froot
Takatoshi Ito

On the Consistency of Short-run and Long-run Exchange Rate Expectations
w2573 Alberto Giovannini
Philippe Jorion

The Time-Variation of Risk and Return in the Foreign Exchange and Stock Markets
w2540 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Product Development and International Trade
w2569 Bernard Dumas
Pricing Physical Assets Internationally
w2565 Alan C. Stockman
Real Exchange Rate Variability under Pegged and Floating Nominal Exchange Rate Systems: An Equilibrium Theory
w2564 Charles T. Clotfelter
Daniel R. Feenberg

Is There A Regional Bias in Federal Tax Subsidy Rates for Giving?
w2557 William H. Branson
Giampaolo Galli

On The Difference Between Tax And Spending Policies In Models With Finite Horizons
w2555 Barry Eichengreen
Resolving Debt Crises: An Historical Perspective
w2545 Richard Baldwin
Hysteresis In Import Prices: The Beachhead Effect
w2544 Alberto Giovannini
The Macroeconomics of Exchange-rate and Price-level Interactions: Empirical Evidence for West Germany
w2543 Steven N. Durlauf
Robert W. Staiger

Compositional Effects of Government Spending in a Two-Country Two-SectorProduction Model
w2542 Kenneth A. Froot
Paul Klemperer

Exchange Rate Pass-Through When Market Share Matters
w2541 Kenneth A. Froot
David S. Scharfstein
Jeremy C. Stein

LDC Debt: Forgiveness, Indexation, and Investment Incentives
w2539 Maurice Obstfeld
Competitiveness, Realignment, and Speculation: The Role of Financial Markets
w2536 Irving B. Kravis
Robert E. Lipsey

National Price Levels and the Prices of Tradables and Nontradables
w2527 Kala Krishna
Marie Thursby

Optimal Policies with Strategic Distortions
w2522 Michael H. Riordan
Robert W. Staiger

Sectoral Shocks and Structural Unemployment
w2521 Charles Engel
Kenneth Kletzer

Tariffs and Saving in a Model with New Families
w2519 Barbara J. Spencer
Capital Subsidies and Countervailing Duties in Oligopolistic Industries
w2515 Robert W. Staiger
Heckscher-Olin Theory and Non-Competitive Markets
w2514 Robert W. Staiger
Organized Labor and the Scope of International Specialization
w2513 Rachel McCulloch
The Challenge to U.S. Leadership in High-Technology Industries (Can the United States Maintain Its Lead? Should It Try?)
w2505 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Obstacles to International Macroeconomic Policy Coordination
w2504 Anne O. Krueger
The Political Economy of Controls: American Sugar
w2502 Sebastian Edwards
Structural Adjustment Policies in Highly Indebted Countries
t0064 Maurice Obstfeld
Exchange-Rate Dynamics and Optimal Asset Accumulation Revisited
w2493 Magnus Blomstrom
Irving B. Kravis
Robert E. Lipsey

Multinational Firms and Manufactured Exports from Developing Countries
w2491 William H. Branson
James P. Love

The Real Exchange Rate, Employment, and Output in Manufacturing in the U.S. and Japan
w2487 Meir Kohn
Nancy Peregrim Marion

The Implications of Knowledge-Based Growth for the Optimality of Open Capital Markets
w2486 Paul R. Krugman
Financing vs. Forgiving a Debt Overhang
w2485 Jonathan Eaton
Monopoly Wealth and International Debt
w2483 Richard Baldwin
Some Empirical Evidence on Hysteresis in Aggregate US Import Prices
w2482 Vittorio U. Grilli
Fiscal Policies and the Dollar/Pound Exchange Rate: 1870-1984
w2481 Paul R. Krugman
Target Zones and Exchange Rate Dynamics
r0974 Rudiger Dornbusch
External Balance Correction: Depreciation or Protection?
w2467 Stephen J. Turnovsky
Tamer Basar
Vasco d'Orey

Dynamic Strategic Monetary Policies and Coordination in Interdependent Economies
w2466 Stephen J. Turnovsky
The Gains from Fiscal Cooperation in the Two Commodity Real Trade Model
w2464 Rudiger Dornbusch
Jeffrey A. Frankel

The Flexible Exchange Rate System: Experience and Alternatives
w2460 Alberto Giovannini
International Capital Mobility and Tax Evasion
w2459 Paul R. Krugman
Trigger Strategies and Price Dynamics in Equity and Foreign Exchange Markets
w2455 Jeffrey Sachs
Harry Huizinga

U.S. Commercial Banks and the Developing Country Debt Crisis
w2454 Robert J. Gordon
Wage Gaps vs. Output Gaps: Is There a Common Story for All of Europe?
w2453 Robert C. Feenstra
Symmetric Pass-Through of Tariffs and Exchange Rates Under Imperfect Competition: An Empirical Test
w2452 Randi Boorstein
Robert C. Feenstra

Quality Upgrading and its Welfare Cost in U.S. Steel Imports, 1969-74
w2449 Charles Engel
Kenneth Kletzer

Trade Policy under Endogenous Credibility
w2447 Carol L. Osler
Factor Prices and Welfare Under Integrated Capital Markets
w2441 Carol L. Osler
Portfolio Diversification, Real Interest Rates, and the Balance of Payments
w2437 Barry Eichengreen
Trade Deficits in the Long Run
w2435 William H. Branson
James P. Love

The Real Exchange Rate and Employment in U.S. Manufacturing: State and Regional Results
w2434 Elhanan Helpman
Macroeconomic Effects of Price Controls: The Role of Market Structure
w2429 Robert J. Hodrick
Risk, Uncertainty and Exchange Rates
w2424 Paul Krugman
Adjustment in the World Economy
w2420 Gene M. Grossman
James A. Levinsohn

Import Competition and the Stock Market Return to Capital
w2417 Lars E.O. Svensson
Trade in Nominal Assets: Monetary Policy, and Price Level and Exchange Rate Risk
w2410 Joshua Aizenman
Investment, Openness, and Country Risk
w2409 Anne O. Krueger
Prospects for Liberalizing the International Trading System
w2408 Rachel McCulloch
United States-Japan Economic Relations
w2403 Lars E.O. Svensson
Trade in Risky Assets
w2398 Michael Bruno
Sylvia Piterman

Israel's Stabilization: A Two-Year Review
w2394 Barry Eichengreen
Til Debt Do Us Part: The U.S. Capital Market and Foreign Lending, 1920-1955
w2390 Magnus Blomstrom
Robert E. Lipsey
Ksenia Kulchycky

U.S. and Swedish Direct Investment and Exports
w2389 Assaf Razin
Fiscal Policies and the Stock Market: International Dimensions
w2383 Robert E. Cumby
Consumption Risk and International Asset Returns: Some Empirical Evidence
w2380 Robert E. Cumby
Is it Risk? Explaining Deviations from Uncovered Interest Parity
w2379 Rudiger Dornbusch
Debt Problems and the World Macro Economy
w2378 Rudiger Dornbusch
Juan Carlos de Pablo

Argentina: Debt and Macroeconomic Instability
w2376 Robert E. Cumby
Sweder van Wijnbergen

Finanial Policy and Speculative Runs with a Crawling Peg: Argentina 1979-1981
w2374 Robert C. Feenstra
Tracy R. Lewis

Negotiated Trade Restrictions with Private Political Pressure
w2373 Stanley Fischer
Resolving the International Debt Crisis
w2372 Rudiger Dornbusch
Open Economy Macroeconomics: New Directions
w2371 J. David Richardson
Exchange Rates and U.S. Auto Competitiveness
w2370 Joshua Aizenman
Market Power and Exchange Rate Adjustment in the Presence of Quotas
w2367 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Recent Estimates of Time-Variation in the Conditional Variance and in the Exchange Risk Premium
w2365 Sebastian Edwards
Sweder van Wijnbergen

Tariffs, the Real Exchange Rate and the Terms of Trade: On Two Popular Propositions in International Economics
w2363 Kenneth A. Froot
New Hope for the Expectations Hypothesis of the Term Structure of Interest Rates
w2362 Kenneth A. Froot
Tests of Excess Forecast Volatility in the Foreign Exchange and Stock Markets
w2358 Kenneth A. Froot
Credibility, Real Interest Rates, and the Optimal Speed of Trade Liberalization
w2348 Sebastian Edwards
Exchange Controls, Devaluations and Real Exchange Rates: The Latin American Experience
w2345 Michael D. Bordo
Anna J. Schwartz

The ECU - An Imaginary or Embryonic Form of Money: What Can We Learn from History?
w2339 Jeffrey D. Sachs
Nouriel Roubini

Sources of Macroeconomic Imbalances in the World Economy: A Simulation Approach
w2321 Jacob A. Frenkel
Assaf Razin

The Mundell-Flemming Model: A Quarter Century Later
w2315 Joshua Aizenman
Marcelo Selowsky

Costly Adjustment and Limited Borrowing: A Welfare Analysis of Policiesto Achieve External Balance
w2310 Richard C. Marston
Exchange Rate Policy Reconsidered
w2309 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Alan T. MacArthur

Political vs. Currency Premia in International Real Interest Differentials: A Study of Forward Rates for 24 Countries
w2307 Magnus Blomstrom
Robert E. Lipsey

U.S. Firms in Latin American Service Industries
w2303 Charles Engel
Anthony P. Rodrigues

Tests of International CAPM with Time-Varying Covariances
w2302 Sweder van Wijnbergen
Monopolistic Competition, Credibility and the Output Costs of Disinflation Programs: An Analysis of Price Controls
w2293 J. David Richardson
International Coordination of Trade Policy
w2287 Jeffrey D. Sachs
International Policy Coordination: The Case of the Developing Country Debt Crisis
w2277 Richard M. Levich
Financial Innovations in International Financial Markets
w2276 Richard M. Levich
Developing the ECU Markets: Perspectives on Financial Innovation
w2275 Robert E. Cumby
Richard M. Levich

On the Definition and Magnitude of Recent Capital Flight
w2274 Robert E. Lipsey
Irving B. Kravis

Is the U.S. a Spendthrift Nation?
w2268 Allan Drazen
Elhanan Helpman

Stabilization with Exchange Rate Management under Uncertainty
w2262 Lars E.O. Svensson
Sweder van Wijnbergen

Excess Capacity, Monopolistic Competition, and International Transmission of Monetary Disturbances
w2261 Sweder van Wijnbergen
Tariffs, Employment and the Current Account: Real Wage Resistance and the Macroeconomics of Protectionism
w2258 Leonardo Leiderman
Assaf Razin

Testing Ricardian Neutrality with an Intertemporal Stochastic Model
w2250 Daekuen Park
Jeffrey Sachs

Capital Controls and the Timing of Exchange Regime Collapse
w2244 Stanley Fischer
International Macroeconomic Policy Coordination
w2241 Michael C. Burda
Jeffrey D. Sachs

Institutional Aspects of High Unemployment in the Federal Republic of Germany
w2240 Robert E. Lipsey
Changing Patterns of International Investment In and By the United States
w2236 Joshua Aizenman
Country Risk and Contingencies
w2235 Rachel McCulloch
International Competition in Services
w2230 Sven W. Arndt
J. David Richardson

Real-Financial Linkages Among Open Economies
w2226 Jeffrey D. Sachs
Trade and Exchange Rate Policies in Growth-Oriented Adjustment Programs
w2220 William H. Branson
Jorge Braga de Macedo

Smuggler's Blues at the Central Bank: Lessons from Sudan
w2218 Sebastian Edwards
The United States and Foreign Competition in Latin America
w2216 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Kenneth A. Froot

Short-term and Long-Term Expectations of the Yen/Dollar Exchange Rate: Evidence from Survey Data
w2214 Sebastian Edwards
Jonathan D. Ostry

Anticipated Protectionist Policies, Real Exchange Rates and the Current Account
w2210 Jeffrey A. Frankel
International Capital Flows and Domestic Economic Policies
w2208 Robert E. Baldwin
U.S. and Foreign Competition in the Developing Countries of the Asian Pacific Rim
w2204 Jonathan Eaton
Mark Gersovitz

Country Risk and the Organization of International Capital Transfer
w2203 Maurice Obstfeld
Peso Problems, Bubbles, and Risk in the Empirical Assessment of Exchange-Rate Behavior
w2202 Joshua Aizenman
Successful Adjustment in a Multi-Sectoral Economy
w2175 Sebastian Edwards
Tariffs, Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate in an Intertemporal Optimizing Model of the Current Account
w2198 Barry Eichengreen
The Gold-Exchange Standard and the Great Depression
w2195 Anne O. Krueger
The Importance of Economic Policy in Development: Contrasts Between Korea and Turkey
w2193 Barry Eichengreen
Hegemonic Stability Theories of the International Monetary System
w2190 Barry Eichengreen
International Competition in the Products of U.S. Basic Industries
w2182 Kala Krishna
High Tech Trade Policy
w2179 Sebastian Edwards
Economic Liberalization and the Equilibrium Real Exchange rate in Developing Countries
w2177 Jorge Braga de Macedo
Currency Incontrovertibility, Trade Taxes and Smuggling
w2172 Jonathan Eaton
Public Debt Guarantees and Private Capital Flight
w2163 Jacob A. Frenkel
The International Monetary System: Should it be Reconsidered?
w2162 Sebastian Edwards
The Liberalization of the Current Capital Accounts and the Real ExchangeRate
w2159 Gene M. Grossman
Henrik Horn

Infant-Industry Protection Reconsidered: The Case of Informational Barriers to Entry
w2153 Rudiger Dornbusch
Mario Henrique Simonsen

Inflation Stabilization with Incomes Policy Support: A Review of the Experience in Argentina, Brazil and Israel
w2152 Joshua Aizenman
Monopolistic Competition and Labor Market Adjustment in the Open Economy
w2151 John Y. Campbell
Richard H. Clarida

The Dollar and Real Interest Rates
w2148 John McMillan
John Whalley
Zhu Li Jing

Incentive Effects of Price Rises and Payment-System Changes on Chinese Agricultural Productivity Growth
w2143 Richard Portes
Anita Santorum

Money and the Consumption Goods Market in China
w2141 Charles Engel
Kenneth Kletzer

Saving and Investment in an Open Economy with Non-Traded Goods
w2140 Charles Engel
The Real Effects of Foreign Inflation in the Presence of Currency Substitution
w2138 Rudiger Dornbusch
Our LDC Debts
w2130 Sweder van Wijnbergen
Fiscal Deficits, Exchange Rate Crises and Inflation
w2126 Barry Eichengreen
Richard Portes

The Anatomy of Financial Crises
w2122 Philippe Bacchetta
Martin Feldstein

How Far Has the Dollar Fallen?
w2113 Jacob A. Frenkel
Morris Goldstein

A Guide to Target Zones
w2110 Sebastian Edwards
Terms of Trade, Exchange Rates and Labor Markets Adjustment in Developing Countries
w2102 Kenneth D. West
A Standard Monetary Model and the Variability of the Deutschemark-DollarExchange Rate
w2092 Magnus Blomstrom
Robert E. Lipsey

Firm Size and Foreign Direct Investment
w2088 Jeremy I. Bulow
Kenneth Rogoff

A Constant Recontracting Model of Sovereign Debt
w2084 Stephen J. Turnovsky
Optimal Monetary Growth with Accomodating Fiscal Policy in a Small Open Economy
w2081 Magnus Blomstrom
Robert E. Lipsey

The Export Performance of Swedish and U.S. Multinationals
w2080 Jacob A. Frenkel
Assaf Razin

Deficits with Distortionary Taxes: International Dimensions
w2078 Felipe Larrain
Jeffrey Sachs

Contractionary Devaluation, and Dynamic Adjustment of Exports and Wages
w2077 Maurice Obstfeld
International Finance
w2076 Martin Feldstein
International Debt Service and Economic Growth: Some Simple Analytics
w2075 Maurice Obstfeld
How Integrated are World Capital Markets? Some New Tests
w2073 Jeffrey Sachs
The Bolivian Hyperinflation and Stabilization
w2071 Rudiger Dornbusch
Exchange Rate Economics: 1986
w2065 Jacob A. Frenkel
Assaf Razin

Fiscal Policies and Real Exchange Rates in the World Economy
w2064 Barry Eichengreen
Charles Wyplosz

The Economic Consequences of the Franc Poincare
w2059 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Katharine Rockett

International Macroeconomic Policy Coordination When Policy-Makers Disagree on the Model
w2058 Robert E. Baldwin
Structural Change and Patterns of International Trade
w2054 Charles Engel
Anthony P. Rodrigues

A Test of International CAPM
w2052 Martin Feldstein
New Evidence on the Effects of Exchange Rate Intervention
w2051 Robert E. Lipsey
Irving B. Kravis

The Competitiveness and Comparative Advantage of U.S. Multinationals, 1957-1983
w2048 Takatoshi Ito
The Intra-Daily Exchange Rate Dynamics and Monetary Policies After the G5 Agreement
w2045 Robert E. Baldwin
Alternative Liberalization Strategies
w2043 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Michael P. Dooley
Donald Mathieson

International Capital Mobility in Developing Countries vs. Industrial Countries: What do Saving-Investment Correlations Tell Us?
w2042 Stephen J. Turnovsky
Optimal Monetary Policy and Wage Indexation Under Alternative Disturbances and Information Structures
w2041 Willem H. Buiter
Fiscal Prerequisites for a Viable Managed Exchange Rate Regime: A Non-technical Eclectic Introduction
w2038 James A. Brander
Barbara J. Spencer

International Oligopoly and Asymmetric Labour Market Institutions
w2035 Olivier J. Blanchard
Lawrence H. Summers

Hysteresis in Unemployment
w2032 Leonardo Leiderman
Assaf Razin

Consumption and Government-Budget Finance in a High-Deficit Economy
w2031 Joshua Aizenman
Country Risk and Incentives Schemes
w2024 Warwick J. McKibbin
Jeffrey D. Sachs

Comparing the Performance of Alternative Exchange Arrangements
w2023 Willem H. Buiter
Structural and Stabilization Aspects of Fiscal and Financial Policy in the Dependent Economy
w2018 Peter J. Stemp
Stephen J. Turnovsky

Optimal Monetary Policy in an Open Economy
w2017 Richard Baldwin
Paul R. Krugman

Persistent Trade Effects of Large Exchage Rate Shocks
w2016 Bernard Dumas
Two-Person Dynamic Equilibrium: Trading in the Capital Market
r0760 Rudiger Dornbusch
Flexible Exchange Rates and Excess Capital Mobility
w2011 W. Erwin Diewert
Export Supply and Import Demand Functions: A Production Theory Approach
w2003 Leonardo Leiderman
Assaf Razin

Propogation of Shocks in a High-Inflation Economy: Israel, 1980-85
w2001 Barry Eichengreen
The Political Economy of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff
w1998 Joshua Aizenman
Labor Markets and the Choice of Technology in an Open Developing Economy
w1989 Michael R. Darby
The Internationalization of American Banking and Finance: Structure, Risk, adn World Interest Rates
w1987 Michael R. Darby
James R. Lothian

Economic Events and Keynesian Ideas: The 1930s and the 1970s
w1978 Robert C. Feenstra
Gains from Trade in Differentiated Products: Japanese Compact Trucks
w1977 Robert C. Feenstra
Incentive Compatible Trade Policies
w1972 William H. Branson
James P. Love

Dollar Appreciation and Manufacturing Employment and Output
w1967 Robert P. Flood
Robert J. Hodrick

Money and the Open Economy Business Cycle: A Flexible Price Model
w1963 Kenneth A. Froot
Jeffrey A. Frankel

Interpreting Tests of Forward Discount Bias Using Survey Data on Exchange Rate Expectations
w1962 Paul Krugman
Is the Japan Problem Over?
w1961 Alan C. Stockman
Fiscal Policies and International Financial Markets
w1957 Paul Krugman
Industrial Organization and International Trade
w1950 Olivier J. Blanchard
Lawrence H. Summers

Hysteresis and the European Unemployment Problem
w1948 Julio J. Rotemberg
Garth Saloner

Quotas and the Stability of Implicit Collusion
w1946 John Y. Campbell
Richard H. Clarida

The Term Structure of Euromarket Interest Rates: An Empirical Investigation
w1945 Richard H. Clarida
The Balance of Payments Adjustment Mechanism in a Rational Expectations Equilibrium
w1944 Richard H. Clarida
International Lending and Borrowing in a Stochastic Sequence Equilibrium
w1936 Richard E. Baldwin
Paul Krugman

Market Access and International Competition: A Simulation Study of 16K Random Access Memories
w1930 Sebastian Edwards
Real Exchange Rate Variability: An Empirical Analysis of the Developing Countries Case
w1927 Robert B. Barsky
The Fisher Hypothesis and the Forecastability and Persistence of Inflation
w1926 Paul Krugman
Pricing to Market when the Exchange Rate Changes
w1925 Jeffrey A. Frankel
The Sources of Disagreement Among International Macro Models and Implications for Policy Coordination
w1922 Richard C. Marston
Real Exchange Rates and Productivity Growth in the United States and Japan
w1918 Harry P. Bowen
Edward E. Leamer
Leo Sveikauskas

Multicountry, Multifactor Tests of the Factor Abundance Theory
w1915 Gene M. Grossman
Carl Shapiro

Foreign Counterfeiting of Status Goods
w1912 Irving B. Kravis
Robert E. Lipsey

The Assessment of National Price Levels
w1903 Willem H. Buiter
A "Gold Standard" Isn't Viable Unless Supported by Sufficiently FlexibleMonetary and Fiscal Policy
w1902 Jacob A. Frenkel
Assaf Razin

The Limited Viability of Dual Exchange-Rate Regimes
w1894 Jonathan Eaton
Mark Gersovitz
Joseph E. Stiglitz

The Pure Theory of Country Risk
w1880 Joshua Aizenman
Country Risk, Asymmetric Information and Domestic Policies
w1876 Gene M. Grossman
Carl Shapiro

Counterfeit-Product Trade
w1875 Richard Portes
The Theory and Measurement of Macroeconomic Disequilibrium in Centrally Planned Economies
w1872 Stephen J. Turnovsky
Optimal Tariffs in Consistent Conjectural Variations Equilibrium
w1869 Charles Engel
Kenneth Kletzer

Tariffs, Saving and the Current Account
w1865 Charles Engel
Kenneth M. Kletzer

International Borrowing to Finance Investment
w1854 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Kenneth A. Froot

The Dollar as Speculative Bubble: A Tale of Fundamentalists and Chartists
w1844 Willem H. Buiter
Borrowing to Defend the Exchange Rate and the Timing and Magnitude of Speculative Attacks
w1843 Kala Krishna
Motoshige Itoh

Content Protection and Oligopolistic Interactions
w1836 Willem H. Buiter
Macroeconomic Responses by Developing Countries to Changes in External Economic Conditions
w1830 Jeffrey Sachs
High Unemployment in Europe: Diagnosis and Policy Implications
w1824 Stephen J. Turnovsky
Vasco d'Orey

Monetary Policies in Interdependent Economies with Stochastic Disturbances: A Strategic Approach
w1823 Robert E. Baldwin
The New Protectionism: A Response to Shifts in National Economic Power
w1822 Michael Bruno
Generating a Sharp Disinflation: Israel 1985
w1810 Rudiger Dornbusch
Stanley Fischer

Stopping Hyperinflations Past and Present
w1801 Joshua Aizenman
Jacob A. Frenkel

Sectorial Wages and the Real Exchange Rate
w1800 Warwick J. McKibbin
Jeffrey Sachs

Coordination of Monetary and Fiscal Policies in the OECD
w1799 Jacob A. Frenkel
Assaf Razin

The International Transmission and Effects of Fiscal Policies
w1787 Joshua Aizenman
Monopolistic Competition, Relative Prices and Output Adjustment in the Open Economy
r0678 Rudiger Dornbusch
Policy and Performance Links between LDC Debtors and Industrial Nations
w1784 William H. Branson
Arminio Fraga
Robert A. Johnson

Expected Fiscal Policy and the Recession of 1982
w1780 William H. Branson
The Dynamic Interaction of Exchange Rates and Trade Flows
w1777 William H. Branson
Jacob A. Frenkel

Causes of Appreciation and Volatility of the Dollar with Comment by Jacob Frenkel
w1773 Jeffrey A. Frankel
International Capital Mobility and Crowding Out in the U.S. Economy: Imperfect Integration of Financial Markets or of Goods Markets?
w1772 Barry J. Eichengreen
Richard Portes

Debt and Default in the 1930s: Causes and Consequences
w1769 Rudiger Dornbusch
Exchange Rates and Prices
w1755 Alan C. Stockman
Alejandro Hernandez D.

Exchange Controls, Capital Controls, and International Financial Markets
w1752 Paul R. Krugman
Increasing Returns and the Theory of International Trade
w1749 Robert J. Hodrick
Sanjay Srivastava

The Covariation of Risk Premiums and Expected Future Spot Exchange Rates
w1746 Willem H. Buiter
Macroeconomic Policy Design in an Interdependent World Economy: An Analysis of Three Contingencies
w1743 Robert J. Hodrick
Sanjay Srivastava

Foreign Currency Futures
w1741 Sebastian Edwards
Commodity Export Boom and the Real Exchange Rate: The Money-Inflation Link
w1739 Rudiger Dornbusch
Inflation, Exchange Rates and Stabilization
w1732 Richard Meese
Kenneth Rogoff

Was it Real? The Exchange Rate-Interest Differential Relation, 1973-1984
w1716 Stephen J. Turnovsky
Short-Term and Long-Term Interest Rates in a Monetary Model of a Small Open Economy
w1712 Joshua Aizenman
Inflation, Tariffs and Tax Enforcement Costs
w1703 Daniel Cohen
Jeffrey Sachs

Growth and External Debt Under Risk of Debt Repudiation
w1702 Sebastian Edwards
The Behavior of Interest Rates and Real Exchange Rates During a Liberalization Episode: The Case of Chile 1973-83
w1699 Stephen J. Turnovsky
Monetary and Fiscal Policy Under Perfect Foresight: A Symmetric Two Country Analysis
w1698 Robert B. Campbell
Stephen J. Turnovsky

An Analysis of the Stabilizing and Welfare Effects of Intervention in Spot and Futures Markets
w1697 Jonathan Eaton
Lending with Costly Enforcement of Repayment and Potential Fraud
w1696 Michael Bruno
Aggregate Supply and Demand Factors in OECD Unemployment: An Update
w1692 Maurice Obstfeld
Capital Mobility in the World Economy: Theory and Measurement
w1689 Sebastian Edwards
The Pricing of Bonds and Bank Loans in International Markets: An Empirical Analysis of Developing Countries' Foreign Borrowing
w1676 Sebastian Edwards
Are Devaluations Contractionary?
w1675 Rudiger Dornbusch
Stopping Hyperinflation: Lessons from the German Inflation Experience of the 1920s
w1672 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Kenneth A. Froot

Using Survey Data to Test Some Standard Propositions Regarding Exchange Rate Expectations
w1659 Rudiger Dornbusch
Special Exchange Rates for Capital Account Transactions
w1651 Sebastian Edwards
Country Risk, Foreign Borrowing and the Social Discount Rate in an Open Developing Economy
w1644 Paul R. Krugman
Is the Strong Dollar Sustainable?
w1640 Robert S. Pindyck
Julio J. Rotemberg

Are Imports to Blame?: Attribution of Injury Under the 1974 Trade Act
w1639 Pentti J.K. Kouri
Jorge Braga de Macedo
Albert J. Viscio

A Vintage Model of Supply Applied to French Manufacturing
w1637 Naoko Ishii
Warwick J. McKibbin
Jeffrey Sachs

Macroeconomic Interdependence of Japan and the United States: Some Simulation Results
w1636 Jeffrey Sachs
The Dollar and the Policy Mix: 1985
w1634 Jorge Braga de Macedo
Small Countries in Monetary Unions: A Two-Tier Model
w1623 John F. Helliwell
Alan Chung

Aggregate Output with Operating Rates and Inventories as Buffers BetweenVariable Final Demand and Quasi-Fixed Factors
w1617 Jeffrey A. Frankel
The Implications of Mean-Variance Optimization for Four Questions in International Macroeconomics
w1609 Joshua Aizenman
Jacob A. Frenkel