Christopher D. Bruegge
579 Serra Mall
Stanford, CA 94305-6072
Institutional Affiliation: Stanford University
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|January 2018||The Distributional Effects of Building Energy Codes|
with , : w24211
State-level building energy codes have been around for over 40 years, but recent empirical research has cast doubt on their effectiveness. A potential virtue of standards-based policies is that they may be less regressive than explicit taxes on energy consumption. However, this conjecture has not been tested empirically in the case of building energy codes. Using spatial variation in California’s code strictness created by building climate zones, combined with information on over 350,000 homes located within 3 kilometers of climate zone borders, we evaluate the effect of building energy codes on home characteristics, energy use, and home value. We also study building energy codes’ distributional burdens. Our key findings are that stricter codes create a non-trivial reduction in homes’ squa...
Published: Chris Bruegge & Tatyana Deryugina & Erica Myers, 2019. "The Distributional Effects of Building Energy Codes," Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol 6(S1), pages S95-S127.
|September 2016||The Distributional Effects of Building Energy Codes|
in Energy Policy Tradeoffs between Economic Efficiency and Distributional Equity, Tatyana Deryugina, Don Fullerton, and Billy Pizer, organizers
We evaluate the distributional consequences of building energy codes for home characteristics, energy use, and home value. We exploit spatial variation in California’s code strictness created by building climate zones, combined with information on over 350,000 homes located within 3 kilometers of climate zone borders. Our key findings are that stricter codes create a nontrivial reduction in homes’ square footage and the number of bedrooms at the lower end of the income distribution. On a per-dwelling basis, we observe energy use reductions only in the second lowest income quintile, driven by decreases in square footage. Energy use per square foot actually increases in the bottom quintile. Home values of lower-income households fall, while those of high-income households rise, suggesting th...