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NBER Working Papers and Publications
|March 2019||Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States|
with , , : w25709
We examine local labor markets in the U.S. and Canada from 1990 to 2011 using comparable household and business data. Wage levels and inequality rise with city population in both countries, albeit less in Canada. Neither country saw wage levels converge despite contrasting migration patterns from/to high-wage areas. Local labor demand shifts raise nominal wages similarly, although in Canada they attract immigrant and highly-skilled workers more, while raising housing costs less. Chinese import competition had a weaker negative impact on manufacturing employment in Canada. These results are consistent with Canada's more redistributive transfer system and larger, more-educated immigrant workforce.
Published: David Albouy & Alex Chernoff & Chandler Lutz & Casey Warman, 2019. "Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States," Journal of Labor Economics, vol 37(S2), pages S533-S594.
|October 2016||Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States|
with , ,
in Small Differences II: Public Policies in Canada and the United States, Philip Oreopoulos and David Card, organizers