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Washington, DC 20004
Institutional Affiliation: Health Care Cost Institute
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|April 2020||Countervailing Market Power and Hospital Competition|
with , : w27005
While economic theories indicate that market power by downstream ﬁrms can potentially counteract market power upstream, antitrust policy is opaque about whether to incorporate countervailing market power in merger analyses. We use detailed national claims data from the healthcare sector to evaluate whether countervailing insurer power does indeed limit hospitals’ exercise of market power. We estimate willingness-to-pay models to evaluate hospital market power across analysis areas. We ﬁnd that countervailing market power is important: a typical hospital merger would raise hospital prices 4.3% at the 25th percentile of insurer concentration but only 0.97% at the 75th percentile of insurer concentration.
|February 2018||Who Pays in Pay for Performance? Evidence from Hospital Pricing|
with , : w24304
The Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP) and the Hospital Value Based Purchasing Program (HVBP), two components of the Affordable Care Act's cost containment measures, introduced potentially sizeable penalties to underperforming hospitals across a variety of metrics. To the extent that penalized hospitals subsequently changed their processes of care, such changes may translate into higher payments from commercial insurance patients. In this paper, we estimate the effects of these pay-for-performance programs on private hospital payments using data on commercial insurance payments from a large, multi-payer database. We find that nearly 70% of the costs of the HRRP and HVBP penalties are borne by private insurance patients in the form of higher private insurance payments to hospital...