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NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Gianluca Orefice

Department of Economics
University of Paris-Dauphine
Place du Marechal de Lattre de Tassigny
75016 Paris.
France

E-Mail: gianluca.orefice@dauphine.psl.eu
Institutional Affiliation: University of Paris-Dauphine, PSL

NBER Working Papers and Publications

March 2020Immigration and Worker-Firm Matching
with Giovanni Peri: w26860
The process of matching between firms and workers is an important mechanism in determining the distribution of wages. In a labor market characterised by large dispersion of workers' productivity and worker-firm complementarity, high quality firms have strong incentives to screen for the quality of workers. This process will increase the positive quality association of firm-worker matches known as positive assortative matching (PAM). Immigration in a local labor market, by increasing the variance of workers abilities, may drive stronger PAM between firms and workers. Using French matched employer-employee (DADS) data over the period 1995-2005 we document that positive supply-driven changes of immigrant workers in a district increased the strength of PAM. We then show that this association i...
November 2016Immigrants and Firms' Outcomes: Evidence from France
with Cristina Mitaritonna, Giovanni Peri: w22852
In this paper we analyze the impact of an increase in the local supply of immigrants on firms’ outcomes, allowing for heterogeneous effects across firms according to their initial productivity. Using micro-level data on French manufacturing firms spanning the period 1995-2005, we show that a supply-driven increase in the share of foreign-born workers in a French department (a small geographic area) increased the total factor productivity of firms in that department. Immigrants were prevalently highly educated and this effect is consistent with a positive complementarity and spillover effects from their skills. We also find this effect to be significantly stronger for firms with low initial productivity and small size. The positive productivity effect of immigrants was also associated with ...

Published: Mitaritonna, Cristina & Orefice, Gianluca & Peri, Giovanni, 2017. "Immigrants and firms’ outcomes: Evidence from France," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 62-82. citation courtesy of

May 2015Does Exporting Improve Matching? Evidence from French Employer-Employee Data
with Matilde Bombardini, Maria D. Tito: w21225
Does opening a market to international trade affect the pattern of matching between firms and workers? And does the modified sorting pattern affect welfare? This paper answers these questions both theoretically and empirically in three parts. We set up a model of matching between heterogeneous workers and firms where variation in the worker type at the firm level exists in equilibrium only because of the presence of search costs. When firms gain access to the foreign market their revenue potential increases. When stakes are high, matching with the right worker becomes particularly important because deviations from the ideal match quickly reduce the value of the relationship. Hence exporting firms select sets of workers that are less dispersed relative to the average. We then document a nov...

Published: Matilde Bombardini & Gianluca Orefice & Maria D. Tito, 2018. "Does exporting improve matching? Evidence from French employer-employee data," Journal of International Economics, . citation courtesy of

 
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