Institute for Employment Research (IAB)
Institutional Affiliation: Institut fur Abreitsmarkt und Berufsforschung
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|November 2019||Labor in the Boardroom|
with Simon Jäger, Benjamin Schoefer: w26519
We estimate the effects of a mandate allocating a third of corporate board seats to workers (shared governance). We study a reform in Germany that abruptly abolished this mandate for certain firms incorporated after August 1994 but locked it in for the older cohorts. In sharp contrast to the canonical hold-up hypothesis – that increasing labor's power reduces owners' capital investment – we find that granting formal control rights to workers raises capital formation. The capital stock, the capital-labor ratio, and the capital share all increase. Shared governance does not raise wage premia or rent sharing. It lowers outsourcing, while moderately shifting employment to skilled labor. Shared governance has no clear effect on profitability, leverage, or costs of debt. Overall, the evidence ...
|November 2016||Firms and Labor Market Inequality: Evidence and Some Theory|
with David Card, Ana Rute Cardoso, Patrick Kline: w22850
We survey two growing bodies of research on firm-level drivers of labor market inequality. The first examines how wages are affected by differences in employer productivity. Studies that focus on firm-specific productivity shocks and control for the non-random sorting of workers to firms typically find that a 10% increase in value-added per worker leads to somewhere between a 0.5% and 1.5% increase in wages. Given the wide variation in firm-specific productivity, elasticities of this size suggest that a significant fraction of wage inequality is tied to firm performance. A second literature estimates two-way fixed effects models that rely on the wage changes of people who move between firms to identify firm-specific wage premiums. This literature also concludes that firm pay setting is imp...
Published: David Card & Ana Rute Cardoso & Joerg Heining & Patrick Kline, 2018. "Firms and Labor Market Inequality: Evidence and Some Theory," Journal of Labor Economics, vol 36(S1), pages S13-S70. citation courtesy of
|November 2015||Firms and Labor Market Inequality: Evidence and Some Theory|
with David Card, Ana Rute Cardoso, Patrick Kline
in Firms and the Distribution of Income: The Roles of Productivity and Luck, Edward Lazear and Kathryn Shaw, organizers
|November 2012||Workplace Heterogeneity and the Rise of West German Wage Inequality|
with David Card, Patrick Kline: w18522
We study the role of establishment-specific wage premiums in generating recent increases in West German wage inequality. Models with additive fixed effects for workers and establishments are fit in four distinct time intervals spanning the period 1985-2009. Unlike standard wage models, specifications with both worker and plant-level heterogeneity components can explain the vast majority of the rise in wage inequality. Our estimates suggest that the increasing variability of West German wages results from a combination of rising heterogeneity between workers, rising variability in the wage premiums at different establishments, and increasing assortativeness in the matching of workers to plants. We use the models to decompose changes in wage gaps between different education levels, occupatio...
Published: David Card & JÃ¶rg Heining & Patrick Kline, 2013. "Workplace Heterogeneity and the Rise of West German Wage Inequality," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 128(3), pages 967-1015. citation courtesy of