Paul Heaton

University of Pennsylvania Law School
3501 Sansom Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Tel: 215.746.3353
Fax: 215.573.2025

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania

NBER Working Papers and Publications

August 2013Assessing the Effects of Medical Marijuana Laws on Marijuana and Alcohol Use: The Devil is in the Details
with Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, David Powell, Eric L. Sevigny: w19302
This paper sheds light on previous inconsistencies identified in the literature regarding the relationship between medical marijuana laws (MML) and recreational marijuana use by closely examining the importance of policy dimensions (registration requirements, home cultivation, dispensaries) and the timing of them. Using data from our own legal analysis of state MMLs, we evaluate which features are associated with adult and youth recreational use by linking these policy variables to data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97), the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) and the Treatment Episodes Data System (TEDS). Our analyses control for state and year fixed effects, using within state policy changes over time to estimate the effect on changes in our outcome variables using a ...

Published: Assessing the Effects of Medical Marijuana Laws on Marijuana Use: The Devil is in the Details Rosalie L. Pacula, David Powell, Paul Heaton andEric L. Sevigny Article first published online: 20 OCT 2014 Journal of Policy Analysis and Management Volume 34, Issue 1, pages 7–31, Winter 2015

May 2005Measuring the Impact of Crack Cocaine
with Roland G. Fryer, Steven D. Levitt, Kevin M. Murphy: w11318
A wide range of social indicators turned sharply negative for Blacks in the late 1980s and began to rebound roughly a decade later. We explore whether the rise and fall of crack cocaine can explain these patterns. Absent a direct measure of crack cocaine%u2019s prevalence, we construct an index based on a range of indirect proxies (cocaine arrests, cocaine-related emergency room visits, cocaine-induced drug deaths, crack mentions in newspapers, and DEA drug busts). The crack index we construct reproduces many of the spatial and temporal patterns described in ethnographic and popular accounts of the crack epidemic. We find that our measure of crack can explain much of the rise in Black youth homicides, as well as more moderate increases in a wide range of adverse birth outcomes for Blacks i...

Published: ROLAND G. FRYER & PAUL S. HEATON & STEVEN D. LEVITT & KEVIN M. MURPHY, 2013. "MEASURING CRACK COCAINE AND ITS IMPACT," Economic Inquiry, vol 51(3), pages 1651-1681.

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